World History Homework Twelve Answers - Student Twelve

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World History Homework Twelve

DuncanB

1. World War Two was the second global conflict in world history, pitting the Allied Powers (the United States, Britain, Russia, France, Australia and Canada were the primary nations) versus the Axis powers (notably Germany, Italy, and Japan). The war began with the German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, and concluded on August 10, 1945 with the surrender of Japan.

Superb, with the precise explanation of the end of the war: it was when Japan surrendered, not when the atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities.

2. Fascism and communism are both anti-Christian worldviews, as they emphasize loyalty to leaders as more important than religion or personal relationships. They also both consider a strong military vital, but there are several major differences between the two. The treatment of the sexes is one: Germany and Russia are good examples. In Russia, abortion rates were higher than they ever have been before or since, and women were treated nearly the same as men. In Hitler’s Germany, women were encouraged to be great mothers, bearing lots of children for the good of the state (illegitimately, if “necessary”).

Terrific insights.

3. The answer to this question is simple: according to Hitler, the Germans could not have lost World War I, as they were the world’s superior race. In order to explain the fact that they lost, they had to find a scapegoat, which went along well with the racist hatred of Jews. According to German leaders, Jewish Communists and spies were the reason the Germans had lost.

Interesting insight again!

4. Many feared a Chinese-Russian treaty after Russia became communist, but the two nations hated and feared each other, contradicting the original tenets of Communism: communists should work together for a common goal, the domination of the world. As a result, the United States and Russia both attempted to make treaties with China and wished to prevent the other from doing so. In the end, China aligned itself with neither side.

Good.

5. The Korean War saw the first general use of jet aircraft. Germany had used jet-powered planes against Allied aircraft later in World War II, with little effect, as there were so few of the new airplanes. Air Force F-86 Sabres, P-80 Shooting Stars, and Navy F9F Panthers and F2H Banshees performed well against enemy aircraft and ground targets, although propeller-driven aircraft such as the F4U Corsair were more useful in ground-attack roles.

Wow, I didn't know that. Thanks.

6. Better technology was a major reason that the Germans had so many victories in the early part of the war, and a reason that the Allies later triumphed. For example, the Germans had by far the best tanks in the world in 1939; it allowed them to roll over all who opposed them. The British developed radar, which allowed them to anticipate German air raids. The Americans perfected the electric torpedo, which left no visible wake. The better weapons, equipment, ships, and planes (as well as greater training for the servicemen) meant that the Allies had an easier time winning the war.

Excellent points.

7. We had no choice but to go to war in Europe; Germany declared war on us (stupidly, we might not have declared war on them otherwise), as a result of their treaty with Japan. Had the Germans ignored that treaty and remained at peace with the United States, the course of the war would have been radically different.

Interesting argument. I think we would have declared war on Germany regardless. But who knows for sure? You may be right.

H1. There are two reasons why the 1900’s claimed so many more genocide victims than any other time in world history: technology and teaching. The evolutionary material taught by most schools in Europe was racist and immoral, advocating “survival of the fittest” and “look out for number one” viewpoints; no one mattered but you and what you wanted to do. Besides, in earlier centuries, people did not really have the technology to kill millions of people and dispose of their bodies, as the Germans did during the Holocaust. Inventions such as poison gas, barbed wire, machine guns, and mass crematoriums enabled the Germans to kill thousands of people per day.

Good explanation, may use as a model!

H2. The word “enigma” means “riddle,” and Enigma was a very good term for the German code machine. Theoretically, it was impossible to decode; the sender would program the machine with settings for that day from a small book, and then type his message. As he typed each letter, the machine would randomly select, based on the settings he had plugged in, another letter to replace it. The message could then be sent. The receiver, using the same programming, would feed the message into his own device, which would change it back to normal writing.

Superb description.

H3. The Korean War was the first example of an American war where the military was hampered by the government placing regulations on what they could or could not do, which MacArthur, who was noted for not going by the book, disliked immensely. Air Force pilots were not allowed to pursue MiG-15 fighters past the Yalu River, as that was Chinese territory, or attack Chinese convoys, , and American troops could not actively attack Chinese positions. Both sides were wrong: Truman should not have attempted to micromanage the war from Washington, and MacArthur should not have subordinated his commander-in-chief.

More terrific insights. Thanks for providing them.
Your answers were perhaps the most insightful in the entire class all year. What a superb finish to a terrific course for you! 100/100. CONGRATULATIONS!!!
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