World History Homework Two Answers - Student 13
World History Homework 2 Sarah W.
1. The Greek Empire, the most influential empire in history, began in about 750 B.C. Of course, people had settled into city-states in that area since 3000 B.C., but in 776 B.C., the first Olympic Games were held, which unified the country. Those games are credited as the instigator of the Greek Empire. Greece was extremely successful, spreading their language and culture throughout almost all of the known world, until 323 B.C. At that point, the ruler of Greece, Alexander the Great, died from a fever. The Greek Empire could not sustain itself without its powerful leader, so it transitioned into what is called the Hellenistic Age.
3. Ancient Greece is known for its advancement of knowledge and philosophy. Two of the major philosophers are Plato and his student Aristotle. They were both very important, but had opposite views on what knowledge is made of. While Plato believed that everything could be explained logically, Aristotle believed that you can’t know anything without experience. Plato had a special interest in physics and math, but Aristotle loved biology. It’s amazing how two great thinkers who worked together could have such different perspectives on life!
- Right. Terrific answer.
4. The Greek Empire was crucial to the successful spread of Christianity. First of all, the language was one of the only ones that could support some of the abstract concepts that Jesus taught. Because it has a phonetic alphabet, as opposed to pictographs, it could express things like “Holy Spirit”. The language was even more powerful because it was spread across almost the whole world at that point, thanks to the military prowess of Alexander the Great. The gospel could then spread like wildfire across nations, because there was no need to translate.
- Very good.
5. Greece was not the only important Empire in ancient history, but one of many, including the Persian Empire and the Assyrian Empire. The Persian Empire, located in modern day Iran, began in 530 B.C., led by a man named Cyrus. It eventually controlled much of the Middle East, Turkey and some of Northern Africa. The Persians tried to conquer Greece, mostly Athens, in 490 B.C. and again in 480 B.C., but Athens, with the help of Sparta, was able to defeat them. The Persian Empire was later conquered by Alexander the Great in 331 B.C. The Assyrian Empire was the first real empire in world history. It rose in power in 8th century B.C., in northern Mesopotamia. They conquered most of the Middle East, controlling the land from Egypt all the way to the Persian Gulf. In 612-609 B.C., the empire fell by the hand of the Chaldeans.
- Good explanation of the Persian Empire.
- Excellent answers. Grade: 40/40. Well done!--Andy Schlafly 12:56, 21 September 2011 (EDT)