World History Homework Two Answers - Student 15

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Answer 4 out of 6 questions below:

1.When did the Greek Empire exist, and what events mark its beginning and its end?

The Greek Empire existed between 3000 B.C. 323 B.C. The event that really marked its beginning was the first Olympic Games in 776 B.C. This helped to unify the country and to make it stronger. The end of the Greek Empire came with the death of Alexander the Great in about 323 B.C. Alexander the Great served as a role model for the entire country demonstrating his hard work and perseverance.

Very good.

3.Pick one of the Greek philosophers and compare and contrast him with another Greek philosopher.

A great philosopher named Plato (428-347 B.C.) helped to advance the system of justice and democracy that we still use today. His book called, “The Republic,” formed the foundation of America's system of government, such as citizens electing a representative to vote on legislature. The greatest philosopher of all time was the student of Plato, Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) Aristotle contradicted Plato's methods of learning and thought that experience was the most important part of learning. Plato loved physics and math, while Aristotle enjoyed biology and is responsible for classifying over 500 animals species.

Terrific answer.

4.Explain how the expansion and influence of the Greek culture became useful to the growth of Christianity. Mention the role played by Alexander the Great.

The expansion of Greek Culture became useful to the growth of Christianity because the Greek language set up a basis for a strong and powerful way to relate the ideas and concepts that Jesus taught. Greek was a centralized language because Alexander the Great invaded and conquered many ancient cities outside of Greece. If it had not been for Alexander the Great, and how he spread the Greek language and culture, Christianity might have been a very difficult concept for the ancient peoples to grasp.


5.Pick two of the important ancient empires other than the Greek empire, and briefly describe them.

In 1650 B.C. an ancient people called the Hittites gained control of most of Mesopotamia. These people were descendants from Noah's son Ham. Even though they had advanced warfare, under their rule, life in the Babylonian Empire did not flourish.

In 500 B.C. the first ethnic group to become widespread in Europe were the Celts. They had a religion which consisted of worshiping gods and goddesses. They settled in tribes rather than stable civilizations and they had no written language to portray their ideas, just myths and folktales.


Honors Questions (answer any 2 in addition to the above questions)

7.Write an essay of 200 words on any aspect of one or more ancient languages, such as their development or origins (or add 5 terms with descriptions to the study guide).

Nero: He was the Emperor of Rome from AD 54-68. He blamed the Great Fire of Rome on the Christians who were unpopular due to their belief in one God. Octavius: Also known as Augustus Caesar (63 B.C. - A.D. 14), he was the first Roman Emperor. He was originally called Gaius Octavius Thurinus until he changed his name after being adopted by Julius Caesar in 44 B.C.

Tacitus: (A.D. 55-120) He was the Roman author of Histories, Annals, and Germania, describing first century Rome. His work chronicles Nero's role in blaming the Christians for the fire in Rome and the resulting large scale persecution of Christians that ensued.

Untouchables: People at the very bottom of the Hindu Caste System. Under this system,these people literally are not to be touched because they are considered to be so undesirable.

Stupa: An ornate Buddhist dome-like stone structure originally built to cover items believed to be relics of the Buddha

Terrific explanations of important terms. Note, however, that your description of Nero has more detail than needed. It's not important to know his original name, for example.

8.What weaknesses, if any, do you see in the ancient Greek democracy?

I think that the failure to have a separation of powers was a weakness in ancient Greek democracy. Too much power was given to the representatives. There was no way for one branch of the government to put a check and balance on any other branch of government, to prevent one from becoming too powerful. This made it easy for the nobles and representatives to become corrupt, unjust and selfish.

Your comment about separation of powers is an excellent one.

Alexa W

60/60. Well done!--Andy Schlafly 18:55, 22 September 2011 (EDT)