York is a city in North Yorkshire, originally founded by the Romans as Eboracum. The Vikings, who ruled the city for close to a century, renamed it Jorvik, whence the contemporary name stems. York is one of the few remaining walled cities in England. York was important prior to the union of the crowns as a strategic point on which attacks into Scotland or into England may be executed from. In recent times, York has mostly lost it's industry to its much larger neighbour, Leeds.
In addition to the medieval defensive wall, York is also known for:
- York ham
- York Minster, the largest Gothic cathedral in northern Europe
- The National Railway Museum, the world's largest railway museum
- York Railway station, known for its architecture
- Terry's and Rowntrees chocolate companies (makers of KitKats and Yorkie bars)
- The York Rite (see Freemasonry)
- Medieval city walls - longest intact city walls in England
The American municipality of New York is named after York.