House of York

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The House of York was a short-lived 15th century English dynasty – the last of the Plantagenet line – consisting of three kings: Edward IV, Edward V and Richard III. It ended with the death of Richard III.

The title of Duke of York was created for Edmund Langley, 4th surviving son of Edward III in 1385. It passed to his son, Edward, and then to Edward’s nephew, Richard. Richard had hereditary right to the throne second only to the Lancastrian Henry VI, who only grudgingly used Richard in any official capacity.

This was the state of affairs in the years immediately preceding the outbreak of hostilities that would come to be known as the Wars of the Roses from the idea that the waring parties each used a rose, red for the Lancastrians, white for the Yorkists, as representations of their cause. Whilst the house died with Richard III, "Yorkists" is still the term used to describe those who agitated against the TudorHenry VII in the first years of his reign.

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