In 1825 the Arctic Coastline of what would become the Yukon Territory was visited by the British explorer Sir John Franklin. The Klondike Gold rush commenced in August 1896 and The Yukon was declared a separate Territory in 1898 to better control the situation. Mining, and tourism remain economic mainstays; along with transfers from the federal government, now 40% of Yukoners work directly for one form of government or another.
The capital is Whitehorse. The population of Yukon in 2006 was 31,229  only recently surpassing the total population of 1901. The territory encompasses 483,450 km2. in the extreme north west of Canada.