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The Zhou dynasty replaced the Shang dynasty in 1027 BC. It was the longest ruling dynasty in Chinese history. The Zhou dynasty continued until 221 BC. The early period of the Zhou dynasty (1027 to 771 BC) was remembered in Chinese tradition as a time of peace and prosperity. In the later period (771 to 221 BC) centralized control broke down and warfare among small states became frequent.
The Zhou dynasty developed the multiplication tables. These were later brought to Europe by Marco Polo.
The great teacher, Confucius lived during the Zhou dynasty. After he died in 478 BC, there was the era of the Warring States until 221 BC. In 221 BC, the brutal dictatorship of the Qin dynasty began.
- ↑ The Earth and Its Peoples A Global History, Bulliet et al, 2005