Petroleum is believed by some to be formed from the remains of buried plant or animal material. Abiotic oil is formed from the reaction of carbonates with iron oxide and water in the region called "mantle," deep in the Earth where there is heat and pressure. Furthermore, the mantle is such a huge reservoir that the amount of reactants consumed in the reaction hasn't depleted it since the formation of the oil. In short, and bluntly, petroleum is not a “fossil fuel” and has no intrinsic connection with dead dinosaurs (or any other biological detritus) “in the sediments” (or anywhere else).
There are two theories of abiotic oil:
- The "weak" abiotic oil theory: oil is abiotically formed, but at rates not higher than those that petroleum geologists assume for oil formation according to the conventional theory.
- The "strong" abiotic theory: oil is formed at a speed sufficient to replace the oil reservoirs as we deplete them, that is, at a rate something like 10,000 times faster than theorized in petroleum geology.
Job 29:6 - "When I washed my steps with butter, and the rock poured me out rivers of oil."
Deuteronomy 33:24 - "Let Asher be blessed ... and let him dip his foot in oil."
Genesis 49: 22-26 - "Joseph is a fruitful bough by a well ... blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that couches beneath shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head."
- J. F. Kenney An introduction to the modern petroleum science, and to the Russian-Ukrainian theory of deep, abiotic petroleum origins Russian Academy of Sciences - Joint Institute of The Physics of the Earth.