Antonio Gramsci (January 22, 1891 – April 27, 1937) was Secretary of the Italian Communist Party. He is known for his writings regarding Western Marxism. Gramsci was imprisoned by Mussolini's Fascist government. He wrote 30 notebooks and 3000 pages known as the Prison Notebooks.
He was instrumental in the development of cultural Marxism.
Born in Ales, on the island of Sardinia, Italy. He was schooled in Cagliari and was a superb student. He won a grant to study at the University of Turin. Gramsci joined the Communist Party of Italy in late 1913. In 1914, he became a journalist writing for socialist newspapers.
Mussolini had been granted special powers due to an assassination attempt. Members of opposition parties were arrested. One of those people imprisoned was Gramsci. Shortly after his release, he died at age 46.
- The Revolution against Das Kapital (Revolt against Capitalism)
- Prison Notebooks
- Scritti Politti (Political Writings)
Alan Caruba writing for CNSNews says about Gramsci, 
|“||a dedicated communist, wrote a book setting out a strategy for taking over strong Western democracies by infiltrating their churches and educational system, as well as a nation’s media. Communism could be imposed by turning churches into ideologically-driven political clubs. Educational systems had to be dumbed down and offer a politically correct curriculum. Mass media had to discredit traditional institutions such as marriage and commonly shared moral values.||”|
- How America Has Changed CNSNews, November 10, 2008