Difference between revisions of "Atheism and the Problem of Evil"

From Conservapedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 1: Line 1:
 
[[Image:Ron2.jpg|right|thumbnail|150px|Dr. [[Ron Rhodes]]]]
 
[[Image:Ron2.jpg|right|thumbnail|150px|Dr. [[Ron Rhodes]]]]
In regards to '''atheism and the problem of evil''', atheists state that the existence of evil is a problem for [[theism]] which holds to a good and powerful God.<ref>http://www.leaderu.com/orgs/probe/docs/evil.html</ref> [[Theodicy]] is the branch of study in theology and philosophy that defends the goodness of God despite the existence of evil.<ref>http://encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861719540/theodicy.html</ref> In traditional Christianity and Judaism the book of [[Job]] is used to explain the existence of evil.<ref>http://apologetics.com/default.jsp?bodycontent=/articles/doctrinal_apologetics/bowman-job.html</ref> In recent times [[Christian apologetics|Christian apologists]] often cite [[Alvin Plantinga]]'s free will defense in regards to the existence of evil. <ref>http://www.xenos.org/essays/evilpo.htm</ref><ref>http://www3.baylor.edu/~Scott_Moore/handouts/free_will_defense.html</ref>The work of [[St. Augustine]] is also cited in regards to theodicy. <ref>http://www.str.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=5124</ref> Dr. [[Ron Rhodes]] of [[Reasoning from the Scriptures Ministry]] states regarding this issue regarding the existence of evil:  
+
In regards to '''atheism and the problem of evil''', atheists state that the existence of evil is a problem for [[theism]] which holds to a good and powerful God.<ref>Rick Rood, Probe Ministries - [http://www.leaderu.com/orgs/probe/docs/evil.html The Problem of Evil]</ref> [[Theodicy]] is the branch of study in theology and philosophy that defends the goodness of God despite the existence of evil.<ref>Encarta Dictionary - [http://encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861719540/theodicy.html "theodicy"]</ref> In traditional Christianity and Judaism the book of [[Job]] is used to explain the existence of evil.<ref>Robert M. Bowman Jr. - [http://apologetics.com/default.jsp?bodycontent=/articles/doctrinal_apologetics/bowman-job.html The Book of Job: God's Answer to the Problem of Evil]</ref> In recent times [[Christian apologetics|Christian apologists]] often cite [[Alvin Plantinga]]'s free will defense in regards to the existence of evil.<ref>Xenos Christian Fellowship - [http://www.xenos.org/essays/evilpo.htm The Problem of Evil]</ref><ref>Dr. Scott H. Moore - [http://www3.baylor.edu/~Scott_Moore/handouts/free_will_defense.html Comments on Alvin Plantinga's "Free Will Defense"]</ref> The work of [[St. Augustine]] is also cited in regards to theodicy.<ref>Stand to Reason - [http://www.str.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=5124 Augustine on Evil]</ref> Dr. [[Ron Rhodes]] of [[Reasoning from the Scriptures Ministry]] states regarding this issue regarding the existence of evil:  
 
{{cquote|...it is impossible to distinguish evil from good unless one has an infinite reference point which is absolutely good. Otherwise one is like a boat at sea on a cloudy night without a compass (i.e., there would be no way to distinguish north from south without the absolute reference point of the compass needle).
 
{{cquote|...it is impossible to distinguish evil from good unless one has an infinite reference point which is absolutely good. Otherwise one is like a boat at sea on a cloudy night without a compass (i.e., there would be no way to distinguish north from south without the absolute reference point of the compass needle).
  
The infinite reference point for distinguishing good from evil can only be found in the person of God, for God alone can exhaust the definition of "absolutely good." If God does not exist, then there are no moral absolutes by which one has the right to judge something (or someone) as being evil. More specifically, if God does not exist, there is no ultimate basis to judge the crimes of [[Adolph Hitler|Hitler]]. Seen in this light, the reality of evil actually requires the existence of God, rather than disproving it.<ref>http://home.earthlink.net/~ronrhodes/Atheism.html</ref>}}
+
The infinite reference point for distinguishing good from evil can only be found in the person of God, for God alone can exhaust the definition of "absolutely good." If God does not exist, then there are no moral absolutes by which one has the right to judge something (or someone) as being evil. More specifically, if God does not exist, there is no ultimate basis to judge the crimes of [[Adolph Hitler|Hitler]]. Seen in this light, the reality of evil actually requires the existence of God, rather than disproving it.<ref>Ron Rhodes, Reasoning from the Scriptures Ministries - [http://home.earthlink.net/~ronrhodes/Atheism.html Strategies for Dialoguing with Atheists]</ref>}}
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
*[[Atheism]]
 
*[[Atheism]]

Revision as of 15:37, 25 December 2007

In regards to atheism and the problem of evil, atheists state that the existence of evil is a problem for theism which holds to a good and powerful God.[1] Theodicy is the branch of study in theology and philosophy that defends the goodness of God despite the existence of evil.[2] In traditional Christianity and Judaism the book of Job is used to explain the existence of evil.[3] In recent times Christian apologists often cite Alvin Plantinga's free will defense in regards to the existence of evil.[4][5] The work of St. Augustine is also cited in regards to theodicy.[6] Dr. Ron Rhodes of Reasoning from the Scriptures Ministry states regarding this issue regarding the existence of evil:

...it is impossible to distinguish evil from good unless one has an infinite reference point which is absolutely good. Otherwise one is like a boat at sea on a cloudy night without a compass (i.e., there would be no way to distinguish north from south without the absolute reference point of the compass needle).

The infinite reference point for distinguishing good from evil can only be found in the person of God, for God alone can exhaust the definition of "absolutely good." If God does not exist, then there are no moral absolutes by which one has the right to judge something (or someone) as being evil. More specifically, if God does not exist, there is no ultimate basis to judge the crimes of Hitler. Seen in this light, the reality of evil actually requires the existence of God, rather than disproving it.[7]

See Also

Notes

  1. Rick Rood, Probe Ministries - The Problem of Evil
  2. Encarta Dictionary - "theodicy"
  3. Robert M. Bowman Jr. - The Book of Job: God's Answer to the Problem of Evil
  4. Xenos Christian Fellowship - The Problem of Evil
  5. Dr. Scott H. Moore - Comments on Alvin Plantinga's "Free Will Defense"
  6. Stand to Reason - Augustine on Evil
  7. Ron Rhodes, Reasoning from the Scriptures Ministries - Strategies for Dialoguing with Atheists