Charlotte was founded in 1755, and is nicknamed the "Queen City", a nickname name it shares with Buffalo, New York and Cincinnati, Ohio, after the wife of King George III. This did not mean there was a love of empire in the city as during the Revolutionary War, the British Army was driven out of Charlotte. The British General Cornwallis wrote of Charlotte "There's a rebel behind every bush, it's a veritable nest of hornets", leading to the city's other nickname: The Hornets' Nest.
The Charlotte Hornets played in the NBA in the city from 1988 - 2004 until an unpopular owner drove the residents away from the team. The Hornets moved to New Orleans in 2002. Immediately afterwards Charlotte was granted another basketball franchise, the Charlotte Bobcats.
The University of North Carolina at Charlotte is the largest university in the state system with 20,000 students. The private Presbyterian university Queens University of Charlotte is also located in the city.
Since 1995, Charlotte's mayor has been the Republican Pat McCrory.