Chisolm v. Georgia
Chisolm v. Georgia in 1793 asserted federal court jurisdiction over a case brought by citizens of Georgia against the state of Georgia. This enabled the plaintiffs who brought the suit to avoid state courts, and it subjected states (e.g., Georgia) to the power of federal judges.
States were furious over this intrusion on state sovereignty, Georgia even considered a law making it a felony to enforce this decision. Congress and the states quickly overturned this decision by ratifying the Eleventh Amendment.
- 2 U.S. 419 (1793).