# Circle

This is the current revision of Circle as edited by Foxtrot (Talk | contribs) at 21:32, 15 January 2009. This URL is a permanent link to this version of this page.

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Area of the circle =  × area of the shaded square

A circle is the set of all the points in a given plane that are the same distance, called the radius, r, from a given point called the center.

A circle may also be defined algebraically, as the set of solutions to an equation of the form:

,

where  is the center of the circle.

The distance around the circle, or circumference, is given by:



The area inside the circle is calculated using the formula:



A circle is a conic section, the intersection of a plane with a cone such that the plane is perpendicular to the axis of the cone.

Circles can readily be constructed by using a fixed distance between a pencil point and the center. A compass is a tool for doing this easily.

A circle with  is called the unit circle, and is used extensively in trigonometry.