Conservapedia:Editing article and talk pages

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The Conservapedia Manual of Style contains standardized information regarding how to edit pages on Conservapedia. This helps keep a consistent tone in most articles.

Content Articles (Main Namespace)

Content articles are any and all pages which are not preceded by a colon and a prefix. For example, the article George W. Bush would be a content article (article in the main namespace), and the article Conservapedia:Commandments would not.


The layout of each content or encyclopedic article needs to be uniform across all of Conservapedia. Please discuss this layout on the talk page!

Introductory paragraph
(body content)
==See Also==
==External links==

[[Category: ______]]

Layout questions:

Why is the ==See also== section listed after the ==References== section?
The reasoning behind this is that the References have a greater and more immediate relevance to the article itself, while the See also resources have a lesser relevance. Basically the more relevant the content is, the closer it should be to the person reading the article.


  • Internal links are enclosed in double square brackets; e.g., [[United States of America]] links to our United States of America article. To avoid the overuse of redirects, place alternate link titles after a pipe character; [[Union of Soviet Socialist Republics|USSR]] links to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics as USSR. Please do not link every instance of a name, but only the first such occurrence in the article.
  • If you think an article's name is too long and should be renamed, propose a new name to any administrator.

Creation of a new article

At Conservapedia it is easy to create a new article as can be seen by our resource: How to create a new article.

When you create a new article, please do one or both of the following so people can find your article:

  • Link your article from one or more other articles as appropriate.
  • Put one or more Category tags at the bottom of your article, preferably for a category that already exists.


To facilitate the the alphabetization of individuals, add {{DEFAULTSORT: Surname, Given Middle}} to an article. In this format, Surname, Given and Middle are placeholders. The placeholder Surname is the person's last name, and the placeholder Given is the person's given name or Christian name in the case of individuals baptized into the Christian faith. Middle is optional, and can either be the complete middle name or an initial. Names of individuals with multiple or concatenated last names should substitute whatever is appropriate to generate correct the alphabetical listing for surname. E.g., Hillary Rodham Clinton should be {{DEFAULTSORT: Clinton, Hillary Rodham}} and Vicente Fox Quesada should be {{DEFAULTSORT: Fox Quesada, Vicente}}.

Article Names

Article names should be written in lower case, except for proper nouns. This makes linking easier.

The first letter may be either lower case or upper case. In either case, the Wiki software will automatically display the first letter in upper case

For example, use Theory of evolution, not Theory of Evolution.

The article name should be used at or very close to the start of the article, and this use of it should be in bold. See the first line of this page for an example.

If an article name should include a lower-case first letter, including the {{lowercase}} template will cause the title to show correctly.

What Not To Include In Articles

The inclusion of sexual orientation in a biography is generally prohibited due to the Commandment against gossip. In the rare instance where the subject has publicly self-identified that their sexuality is important, then the subject's own quotes should be used as a source.

Date style

  • Do not wikilink dates!
  • The style "July 4, 1776" is preferred.
  • If the day of the week is involved, e.g., "Sunday, December 7, 1941", the comma after the day of the week is optional ("Sunday December 7, 1941" is allowed).
  • US Military style is tolerated in context: "4 July 1776".
  • If it is necessary for clarity to show the era of the year, Always use BC and AD (as opposed to BCE and CE). See Anno Domini for a full discussion.

Spelling, Grammar, Style

  • American English spellings are preferred but Commonwealth spellings, for de novo or otherwise well-maintained articles are completely acceptable, and edit wars over the subject are strongly discouraged. The context of the article should help resolve conflict; an article about Britain could use Commonwealth spelling, while an article about the United States or any other, non-Commonwealth specific articles would use American English.
  • Remember that Conservapedia is an American, conservative and Christian encyclopedia, above all else. It is only logical the usage, political and moral conventions of same be applied, generally, throughout.
  • Changing Conservapedia articles, (their tone, style and content) from an American, conservative and/or Christian orientation/focus, is not welcome. This does not preclude including other ideas or facts, but does, generally, state where the editorial focus of CP is.

Check Spelling

Always use correct spelling. All recent browsers, as with Google, can be equipped with spelling checkers that integrate directly into the browser. If you have one of the following browsers, please download the spelling checker at the link provided:

  • Internet Explorer - download at iespell
  • Opera - download at GNU Aspell
  • Mozilla Firefox - download at Spellbound or update to the latest version of Firefox, which has a built-in spelling checker.

Bad spelling doesn't inspire confidence in your article.

Helpful Spelling, Grammar, and Writing Style Software

There are a number of software programs that assists writers when it comes to spelling, grammar, and writing style. Two of the more notable software packages are the WhiteSmoke Writing Software and the StyleWriter English usage editor software packages.

Country Names

When countries are first mentioned in articles, abbreviations are not to be used, but may be used for subsequent references. For example, use "United States" or "United States of America" and "United Kingdom", not simply "US", "U.S.", "UK", etc. After the first occurrence, it is acceptable to use "U.S." or "U.K." for example, but do not link such uses.

Citing Sources and Using Footnotes

Always cite and give credit to your sources, even if in the public domain. Please do not cite wikis as sources, except when specifically talking about that wiki.

When writing articles it is necessary to use primary and secondary source material as references. All source material should be properly cited as to work, author, publisher, and date published. The Harbrace Manual, used in many colleges and universities as a standard of style, is recommended as a guide; this website [1] is also recommended.

Primary sources

Original, primary-source documents consist of: diaries; autobiographies; memoirs; interviews with journalists; minutes of meetings; private and public letters; speeches; official records; photographs and film. When citing these sources, write in this manner:

Author. Name of work in italics; Publishing company; Location where published. (Date published in parenthesis)

Secondary sources

Secondary sources consist of interpretation and analysis of published material, history, and other primary source data. These sources consist of: biographies; encyclopedias; newspapers, news magazines, and news-related websites; journalistic and political commentaries or opinions (this includes web-blogs); literary criticisms of film, books, or poetry (such as Cliff's Notes); scientific journals and papers; textbooks. When using these sources, the same citation rule as above applies.

Newspaper reports should be considered only as fleeting moments of history as given by a reporter; they can be notoriously one-sided with a perspective that leaves out pertinent facts. They should be used only if the article requires it. When citing a newspaper source, write in this manner:

Author. "Title of the article in quote marks"; Newspaper name in italics; Complete day-month-year article published. You must still write this complete reference line regardless of whether or not the newspaper source was retrieved online; online links to most newspapers go dead after a short period of time.

For scientific journals and papers, do not rely upon a newspaper or journalistic report on them; find and cite the scientific article directly

Partisanship of sources

It's typical of partisans to strengthen their criticisms of a target by claiming a source who is supposedly loyal to the target. That's why Conservapedia gets dozens of pranksters every week claiming to be Christian or conservative.

The party affiliation of a news source should be irrelevant. All that matters is whether the source has a record of telling the truth. A new source with no track record is useless, especially if it's anonymous.

Conservapedia is more trustworthy than Wikipedia, because most of the senior staff are real people (not anonymous hacks hiding behind their clever pseudonyms).

Uncited Material at Conservapedia

Completely Uncited Article or Completely Uncited Section of an Article

If you see an article or section of an article that is completely uncited please feel free to put a uncited tag on that particular article or section of an article. Also, when placing a uncited tag on a article or section, please feel free to send the person or persons who wrote that section a friendly and gentle reminder regarding the uncited material plus a friendly thank you for contributing to Conservapedia. Having cited material helps insure that Conservapedia material is true and verifiable plus it provides a resource so readers can found more information on a subject.

Here is the tag you use to indicate a article or section of an article in uncited and please place it at the top of the article that is completely uncited or at the top of the section of the article that is completely uncited:

Uncited Sentence

If a sentence needs to be cited please use the "fact" template at the end of the sentence.

Here is the fact template and please place it at the end of the uncited sentence:



A bibliography is a listing of the most valuable sources on a topic, including articles and books. Conservapedia bibliographies, to be maximally useful, should also be annotated, and if possible include links to Web pages with copies of the articles and books.

Links to external websites, with original (otherwise unpublished) content, belong under "External links")


The bibliography is most useful in pointing to serious sources that readers can use for further in-depth reading on a topic, for exploring major alternative interpretations, and for preparing a a term paper. Usefulness increases with the quality of the source, how recent it is, how available it is (online or through inter-library loan), and whether it guides users through the literature. Popular sources are usually not included unless they are influential in their own right, or better sources are lacking.

The article bibliographies do not necessarily reflect the sources authors actually use in preparing the article.


What headings are appropriate depends on the field and the topic. In History, for example, bibliographies can be divided into "Primary Sources" and "Secondary Sources."

Citation schemes and listing notes

Authors should use the bibliographic citation scheme common to the leading publishers in the field.) The Chicago Manual of Style has comprehensive coverage of the alternatives.

Always include the author and title, and a date of publication. For most books, it is optional but not necessary to include place of publication or publisher, or name of translator.

Books and articles can be combined in listing. Alphabetize by last name of the primary author (if no author, then use the title of the book, ignoring "The", "An", etc.)

Date of publication is tricky in the case of multiple editions and translations. Give the most useful version and ignore the others. and are useful for dating. A major library online catalog is Melvyl from the University of California.

Major articles

Major articles will have long bibliographies that appear in the Bibliography section. A short selection called "Further reading" points the user to 5 to 20 most useful items. Items listed in the Further Reading section should be duplicated in the Bibliography. Major topics have thousands of books and articles, and Conservapedia does not try to be comprehensive but only includes the most useful resources.

The bibliography should emphasize English-language sources as much as possible (including translations of course).

It should include both primary and secondary sources. It should if possible indicate that items are available online, and if possible link to them (through JSTOR,, Questia, Ebsco, Project Muse, Gutenberg, Swetswise. etc.) Links to are welcome if they provide new information, such as graphics (e.g. the cover or illustrations), a table of contents, an excerpt, a search-the-book routine, or useful reviews.

Outdated or discredited sources should be avoided--although if they are online and better sources are not online, we should include both. If a source is poor quality or heavily biased that should be noted in the annotation.

Effort should be made to balance biased sources with sources on the other side(s). Annotate them to explain where each one stands.

The bibliography should include short annotations (or sometimes abstracts) making clear the value of the source.

In every case enough information should be given so that a reference librarian can obtain the item through inter-library loans or online sources.

Items that are listed in the footnotes should also be included in the bibliography if they are generally important to the topic (but not if they are incidental).

Re-Directs & Name Changes

Always check with an Administrator (by posting on their talk page or reaching them by email or IM) before re-directing articles or changing their names. We prefer, if an Administrator agrees, to move pages, that keeps their edit and talk history intact with the article. Only Administrators can move pages.


Unlike articles, categories are to be in title case (e.g. Australian Cities and Towns, not Australian cities and towns), and are to be plural where applicable (e.g. Planets, not Planet, but Rail Transport).

Discussion pages

Conservapedia: Discussion page - technical help

Other Topics