Difference between revisions of "Dead Sea scrolls"

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[[Image:Dead Sea Scrolls.jpg|thumb|Dead Sea Scrolls]]
 
[[Image:Dead Sea Scrolls.jpg|thumb|Dead Sea Scrolls]]
The '''Dead Sea scrolls''' are documents discovered near the [[Dead Sea]] in [[Israel]]. They were an important source of information about the [[Holy Land]] in the first century after [[Jesus Christ]]'s ministry on earth, and make up some of the oldest extant manuscripts of the [[Old Testament]].
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The '''Dead Sea scrolls''' include several of the oldest extant manuscripts of the [[Old Testament]], found in a remarkable modern discovery near the [[Dead Sea]] in [[Israel]]. This discovery proved the accuracy of the copying and preservation of [[Scriptures]] over thousands of years, because the ancient contents of these scrolls are virtually identical to the modern content today.  In addition, these scrolls are an important source of information about the [[Holy Land]] in the first century after [[Jesus Christ]]'s ministry on earth,
  
 
The first scrolls were discovered in 1947 by a [[Bedouin]] shepherd who uncovered seven scrolls in a [[cave]]. In the following decade, further searches yielded many thousands of scroll fragments, and there are currently over 900 such documents, discovered in eleven different caves.<ref>http://www.sdnhm.org/scrolls/history.html</ref> A nearby habitation, known as [[Qumran]], was also excavated in this time in an effort to identify the people who left the scrolls in the caves.
 
The first scrolls were discovered in 1947 by a [[Bedouin]] shepherd who uncovered seven scrolls in a [[cave]]. In the following decade, further searches yielded many thousands of scroll fragments, and there are currently over 900 such documents, discovered in eleven different caves.<ref>http://www.sdnhm.org/scrolls/history.html</ref> A nearby habitation, known as [[Qumran]], was also excavated in this time in an effort to identify the people who left the scrolls in the caves.
  
"Scholars have pointed to similarities between beliefs and practices outlined in the Qumran literature and those of early Christians."<ref> [http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/scrolls/juda.html JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY AND THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS] Library of Congress Exhibitions.</ref> The Biblical Scrolls' contents focus the books from the [[Old Testament]]. The Scrolls are written in [[Hebrew]] and in [[Aramaic|Aramaica]] with a few texts in Greek. The use of Hebrew was a surprise to many scholars who felt that Hebrew had become a dead language by that time, and this discovery gave new evidence to a claim that the Gospels of [[Gospel of Matthew|Matthew]] and [[Gospel of Luke|Luke]] were originally written in Hebrew and then quickly translated into Greek.<ref>http://www.ad2000.com.au/articles/2001/may2001p20_453.html</ref>
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"Scholars have pointed to similarities between beliefs and practices outlined in the Qumran literature and those of early Christians."<ref>[http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/scrolls/juda.html JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY AND THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS] Library of Congress Exhibitions.</ref> The Biblical Scrolls' contents focus the books from the [[Old Testament]]. The Scrolls are written in [[Hebrew]] and in [[Aramaic]]a with a few texts in Greek. The use of Hebrew was a surprise to many scholars who felt that Hebrew had become a dead language by that time, and this discovery gave new evidence to a claim that the Gospels of [[Gospel of Matthew|Matthew]] and [[Gospel of Luke|Luke]] were originally written in Hebrew and then quickly translated into Greek.<ref>http://www.ad2000.com.au/articles/2001/may2001p20_453.html</ref>
  
 
According to the [[Library of Congress]]:
 
According to the [[Library of Congress]]:
{{QuoteBox|Within a fairly short time after their discovery, historical, paleographic, and linguistic evidence, as well as carbon-14 dating, established that the scrolls and the Qumran ruin dated from the 250 B.C. to 68 A.D. From the standpoint of biblical archeology, this was unparalleled. Coming from the late Second Temple Period, a time when [[Jesus]] of Nazareth lived, they are older than any other surviving manuscripts of the Hebrew Scriptures by almost one thousand years. <ref>[http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/scrolls/intr.html THE WORLD OF THE SCROLLS] Library of Congress Exhibitions.</ref>}}
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{{QuoteBox|Within a fairly short time after their discovery, historical, paleographic, and linguistic evidence, as well as carbon-14 dating, established that the scrolls and the Qumran ruin dated from the 250 B.C. to 68 A.D. From the standpoint of biblical archeology, this was unparalleled. Coming from the late Second Temple Period, a time when [[Jesus]] of Nazareth lived, they are older than any other surviving manuscripts of the Hebrew Scriptures by almost one thousand years.<ref>[http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/scrolls/intr.html THE WORLD OF THE SCROLLS] Library of Congress Exhibitions.</ref>}}
  
Many of the scrolls are now conserved in [[Jerusalem]], although some are in the hands of the [[Jordanian]] government.  Among those looked after by the Jordanian government is the famous [[Copper scroll]]<ref>Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit, San Diego, Sept 30 2007</ref>.
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Many of the scrolls are now conserved in [[Jerusalem]], although some are in the hands of the [[Jordanian]] government.  Among those looked after by the Jordanian government is the famous [[Copper scroll]].<ref>Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit, San Diego, Sept 30 2007</ref>
  
Most part of ''the biblical books that have survived two millennia in the caves are extremely fragmented; many are no larger than the size of a postcard, and some fragments are as small as a postage stamp. Even the smallest fragment, however, can add to our knowledge of the Bible.''... ''With the exception of the [[book of Esther]], every book of the Old Testament has been found in the Qumran caves.'' <ref> [http://byubroadcasting.org/deadsea/book/chapter2/sec1.html Old Testament Texts at Qumran] </ref>  All told, 230 Biblical manuscripts have been found (of course many are copies of the same books).<ref>http://www.sdnhm.org/scrolls/history.html</ref>
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Most part of ''the biblical books that have survived two millennia in the caves are extremely fragmented; many are no larger than the size of a postcard, and some fragments are as small as a postage stamp. Even the smallest fragment, however, can add to our knowledge of the Bible.''... ''With the exception of the [[book of Esther]], every book of the Old Testament has been found in the Qumran caves.'' <ref>[http://byubroadcasting.org/deadsea/book/chapter2/sec1.html Old Testament Texts at Qumran]</ref>  All told, 230 Biblical manuscripts have been found (of course many are copies of the same books).<ref>http://www.sdnhm.org/scrolls/history.html</ref>
  
 
Among the many copies of the Bible found were:<ref>exhibit</ref>
 
Among the many copies of the Bible found were:<ref>exhibit</ref>
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Much of the writing was on [[parchment]] made from the Ibex, a goat native to that area.
 
Much of the writing was on [[parchment]] made from the Ibex, a goat native to that area.
 
Other scrolls were on [[papyrus]] and one scroll was on [[copper]] (the Copper Scroll).<ref>exhibit</ref>
 
Other scrolls were on [[papyrus]] and one scroll was on [[copper]] (the Copper Scroll).<ref>exhibit</ref>
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==References==
 +
<references/>
 +
* Burrows, M., The Dead Sea Scrolls (Secker & Warburg, 1956). 
 +
* Vermes, G., The Dead Sea Scrolls (Penguin, 1968).
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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*[[Codex Vaticanus]]
 
*[[Codex Vaticanus]]
 
*[[John Rylands Fragment]]
 
*[[John Rylands Fragment]]
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*[[List of Dead Sea scrolls]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
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*[http://www.centuryone.com/25dssfacts.html 25 Facts]
 
*[http://www.centuryone.com/25dssfacts.html 25 Facts]
 
*[http://home.flash.net/~hoselton/deadsea/deadsea.htm Dead Sea Scrolls & Qumran]
 
*[http://home.flash.net/~hoselton/deadsea/deadsea.htm Dead Sea Scrolls & Qumran]
 
==References==
 
<references/>
 
 
==Sources==
 
* Burrows, M., The Dead Sea Scrolls (Secker & Warburg, 1956). 
 
* Vermes, G., The Dead Sea Scrolls (Penguin, 1968).
 
 
  
 
[[Category:Biblical Documents]]
 
[[Category:Biblical Documents]]
 
[[Category:Archaeology]]
 
[[Category:Archaeology]]
 
[[Category:Old Testament]]
 
[[Category:Old Testament]]

Latest revision as of 00:06, 30 September 2016

Dead Sea Scrolls

The Dead Sea scrolls include several of the oldest extant manuscripts of the Old Testament, found in a remarkable modern discovery near the Dead Sea in Israel. This discovery proved the accuracy of the copying and preservation of Scriptures over thousands of years, because the ancient contents of these scrolls are virtually identical to the modern content today. In addition, these scrolls are an important source of information about the Holy Land in the first century after Jesus Christ's ministry on earth,

The first scrolls were discovered in 1947 by a Bedouin shepherd who uncovered seven scrolls in a cave. In the following decade, further searches yielded many thousands of scroll fragments, and there are currently over 900 such documents, discovered in eleven different caves.[1] A nearby habitation, known as Qumran, was also excavated in this time in an effort to identify the people who left the scrolls in the caves.

"Scholars have pointed to similarities between beliefs and practices outlined in the Qumran literature and those of early Christians."[2] The Biblical Scrolls' contents focus the books from the Old Testament. The Scrolls are written in Hebrew and in Aramaica with a few texts in Greek. The use of Hebrew was a surprise to many scholars who felt that Hebrew had become a dead language by that time, and this discovery gave new evidence to a claim that the Gospels of Matthew and Luke were originally written in Hebrew and then quickly translated into Greek.[3]

According to the Library of Congress:

Within a fairly short time after their discovery, historical, paleographic, and linguistic evidence, as well as carbon-14 dating, established that the scrolls and the Qumran ruin dated from the 250 B.C. to 68 A.D. From the standpoint of biblical archeology, this was unparalleled. Coming from the late Second Temple Period, a time when Jesus of Nazareth lived, they are older than any other surviving manuscripts of the Hebrew Scriptures by almost one thousand years.[4]

Many of the scrolls are now conserved in Jerusalem, although some are in the hands of the Jordanian government. Among those looked after by the Jordanian government is the famous Copper scroll.[5]

Most part of the biblical books that have survived two millennia in the caves are extremely fragmented; many are no larger than the size of a postcard, and some fragments are as small as a postage stamp. Even the smallest fragment, however, can add to our knowledge of the Bible.... With the exception of the book of Esther, every book of the Old Testament has been found in the Qumran caves. [6] All told, 230 Biblical manuscripts have been found (of course many are copies of the same books).[7]

Among the many copies of the Bible found were:[8]

  • 35 copies of the Psalms
  • 22 copies of Deuteronomy
  • 21 copies of Isaiah (The copies of Isaiah were written over a period of 180 years).

Much of the writing was on parchment made from the Ibex, a goat native to that area. Other scrolls were on papyrus and one scroll was on copper (the Copper Scroll).[9]

References

  1. http://www.sdnhm.org/scrolls/history.html
  2. JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY AND THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS Library of Congress Exhibitions.
  3. http://www.ad2000.com.au/articles/2001/may2001p20_453.html
  4. THE WORLD OF THE SCROLLS Library of Congress Exhibitions.
  5. Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit, San Diego, Sept 30 2007
  6. Old Testament Texts at Qumran
  7. http://www.sdnhm.org/scrolls/history.html
  8. exhibit
  9. exhibit
  • Burrows, M., The Dead Sea Scrolls (Secker & Warburg, 1956).
  • Vermes, G., The Dead Sea Scrolls (Penguin, 1968).

See also

External links