Difference between revisions of "Economics"

From Conservapedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(socialist viewpoint)
(pro-Capitalism definition)
Line 3: Line 3:
 
It is a social [[science]], concerned with how people produce, distribute, and consume.   
 
It is a social [[science]], concerned with how people produce, distribute, and consume.   
 
Governments can be classified by their economic policy.  The [[U.S. Constitution]] provides basic protections for private property that are the foundation of American economic policy.
 
Governments can be classified by their economic policy.  The [[U.S. Constitution]] provides basic protections for private property that are the foundation of American economic policy.
 +
 +
George Reisman, Professor of Economics at Pepperdine University, wrote
 +
* Economics, as the science which studies the production of wealth under a system of division of labor, is actually the science which studies the production of wealth under capitalism. [http://www.capitalism.net/Capitalism/Economics%20and%20Capitalism.htm]
  
 
Presenting the socialist viewpoint that everything belongs to the government (rather than to individual members of the public),
 
Presenting the socialist viewpoint that everything belongs to the government (rather than to individual members of the public),

Revision as of 19:07, 26 December 2009

Face-to-face trading on the New York Stock Exchange's trading floor.

Economics is the study of opportunity. More specifically, economics is the study of the opportunities made possible by the transfer of goods and services. Economics attempts "to explain the way in which individuals interact with one another, to use their limited resources to satisfy their alternative ends." [1] It is a social science, concerned with how people produce, distribute, and consume. Governments can be classified by their economic policy. The U.S. Constitution provides basic protections for private property that are the foundation of American economic policy.

George Reisman, Professor of Economics at Pepperdine University, wrote

  • Economics, as the science which studies the production of wealth under a system of division of labor, is actually the science which studies the production of wealth under capitalism. [2]

Presenting the socialist viewpoint that everything belongs to the government (rather than to individual members of the public), C. Lowell Harriss, a professor of economics at Columbia, said that economics is the study of the allocation of scarce goods and services.[1]

Why we should study it

  • Feelings pertaining to the alleged chaos of economic activity rest on ignorance of the knowledge economics provides of the benevolent role of such institutions as the division of labor, private ownership of the means of production, exchange and money, economic competition, and the price system. [3]
  • The actual basis of "alienation" resides within the psychological makeup of those who experience the problem. Ignorance of economics reinforces feelings of alienation and allows the alleged deficiencies of the economic system to serve as a convenient rationalization for the existence of the problem [ibid]

Issues in economics

Economics deals with a large number of issues:

Disciplines within economics

Economics is a very broad discipline, and involves the following other disciplines as well:

  • Moral philosophy: How ought a society produce and distribute goods and services?
  • Psychology: What principles underlie human economic decision-making?
  • Mathematics: What mathematical models can predict economic outcomes?
  • Ecology: How and in what quantities do households consume goods?

Branches of economics

  • Microeconomics: the study of economic decisions of firms and households acting in markets.
  • Macroeconomics: the study of aggregate economic decisions and the results of those decisions in a local, national, or world economy.

History of economics

Main article: History of economics

Economic thought originated with the rise of the state. Classical economics, or the long-run model, was articulated by Adam Smith and has since fomented the rise of free-market capitalism in economic thought.[2]

References