Difference between revisions of "Egyptian Islamic Jihad"

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'''Egyptian Islamic Jihad''' ('''EIJ''') is an Islamic [[terrorist]] organization in [[Egypt]].<ref name=USFTO>[http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/fs/37191.htm Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs)] ''United States Department of State''</ref> The group was formed in the late 1970s.<ref name=MIPT>[http://www.tkb.org/Group.jsp?groupID=3611 Egyptian Islamic Jihad] ''MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base''</ref> EIJ's primary motive is a violent overthrow of the Government of Egypt and to establish an Islamic state in Egypt.<ref name=MIPT/> The group is suspected to be responsible for a bombing in 1995 at the Egyptian embassy in [[Islamabad]], and for a foiled attack on the US embassy in [[Albania]] in 1998.<ref name=BBC>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/world/2001/war_on_terror/investigation_on_terror/organisation_2.stm Egyptian Islamic Jihad] ''BBC''</ref>
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'''Egyptian Islamic Jihad''' ('''EIJ''') is an [[Jihadism|Jihadist]] [[terrorist]] organization in [[Egypt]].<ref name=USFTO>[http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/fs/37191.htm Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs)] ''United States Department of State''</ref> The group was formed in 1979 in [[Cairo]].<ref name=CNS>[http://cns.miis.edu/research/wtc01/aljihad.htm Al-Jihad al-Islami] ''James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies''</ref> EIJ's primary motive is a violent overthrow of the Government of Egypt and to establish an Islamic state in Egypt.<ref name=MIPT>[http://www.tkb.org/Group.jsp?groupID=3611 Egyptian Islamic Jihad] ''MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base''</ref><ref name=FAS>[http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/jihad.htm Egyptian Islamic Jihad] ''Federation of American Scientists''</ref><ref name=AG>[http://www.ag.gov.au/agd/www/nationalsecurity.nsf/AllDocs/49909081A2EE3715CA256FCD001B7D79?OpenDocument Egyptian Islamic Jihad] ''Australian Government''</ref> EIJ has its network in [[Yemen]], [[Afghanistan]], [[Pakistan]], [[Lebanon]], [[Saudi Arabia]], [[Sudan]] and the [[United Kingdom]].<ref name=CNS/><ref name=FAS/> The group has links with the terrorist organization [[Al-Qaeda]] and some fractions of EIJ merged with Al-Qaeda in 2001.<ref name=MIPT/>
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EIJ was responsible for the assassination of the Egyptian [[President]] [[Anwar Sadat]] in 1981.<ref name=AG/><ref name=BBC>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/world/2001/war_on_terror/investigation_on_terror/organisation_2.stm Egyptian Islamic Jihad] ''BBC''</ref><ref name=CDI>[http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/aljihad.cfm In the spotlight: Al-Jihad (Egyptian Islamic Jihad)] ''Center for Defense Information''</ref> Terrorists from EIJ were linked to two unsuccessful bombings in the Israeli and the US embassies in [[Manila]] in 1994.<ref name=CDI/> The group is suspected to be responsible for bombing at the embassy of Egypt in [[Islamabad]] in 1995,<ref name=BBC/> in which fifteen people were killed,<ref name=CDI/> and for a foiled terrorist attack on the US embassy in [[Albania]] in 1998.<ref name=AG/><ref name=BBC/> Many suspected hijackers of the [[September 11, 2001 attacks]] had links with the EIJ.<ref name=BBC/> [[Mohammed Atta]], the prime suspect and the leader of the [[hijack]]ers, was a member of the EIJ.<ref name=BBC/>
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According to the allegations made by the Government of Egypt, EIJ received financial support from [[Iran]].<ref name=FAS/>
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==See also==
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* [[Islamic State]]
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* [[Terrorism]]
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* [[Fourth generation warfare]]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
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{{Terrorism}}
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[[Category:Terrorist Organizations]]
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[[Category:Egypt]]
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[[Category:Islam]]

Latest revision as of 10:18, 4 August 2017

Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ) is an Jihadist terrorist organization in Egypt.[1] The group was formed in 1979 in Cairo.[2] EIJ's primary motive is a violent overthrow of the Government of Egypt and to establish an Islamic state in Egypt.[3][4][5] EIJ has its network in Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and the United Kingdom.[2][4] The group has links with the terrorist organization Al-Qaeda and some fractions of EIJ merged with Al-Qaeda in 2001.[3]

EIJ was responsible for the assassination of the Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in 1981.[5][6][7] Terrorists from EIJ were linked to two unsuccessful bombings in the Israeli and the US embassies in Manila in 1994.[7] The group is suspected to be responsible for bombing at the embassy of Egypt in Islamabad in 1995,[6] in which fifteen people were killed,[7] and for a foiled terrorist attack on the US embassy in Albania in 1998.[5][6] Many suspected hijackers of the September 11, 2001 attacks had links with the EIJ.[6] Mohammed Atta, the prime suspect and the leader of the hijackers, was a member of the EIJ.[6]

According to the allegations made by the Government of Egypt, EIJ received financial support from Iran.[4]

See also

References

  1. Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs) United States Department of State
  2. 2.0 2.1 Al-Jihad al-Islami James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies
  3. 3.0 3.1 Egyptian Islamic Jihad MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Egyptian Islamic Jihad Federation of American Scientists
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Egyptian Islamic Jihad Australian Government
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Egyptian Islamic Jihad BBC
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 In the spotlight: Al-Jihad (Egyptian Islamic Jihad) Center for Defense Information