Electric car

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It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Electric Vehicle. (Discuss)
Henney Kilowatt, the world's first transistor-controlled electric car.
Venturi Fetish, a limited production electric car capable of reaching 0-100km/h in 4.5 seconds

An electric car is a type of car that runs on electricity. Because it runs on electricity it is a zero emission car, a car that doesn't produce pollution at the point of use. It is probable that some type of fossil fuel would have been used to generate the electricity in the first place, in some cases all the electric car really does is move the pollution somewhere else.

Hype vs. Facts

Zero emissions sounds wonderful but it's not entirely true. While electric cars typically emit less CO₂, over its lifetime a Tesla S will emit about 13 tonnes of CO₂. The production of its batteries alone will emit 14 tonnes. [1]

Coal power still accounts for 39% of America's electricity power. This means that electric vehicles will still be responsible for producing CO₂. A North Carolina State University study showed that a nation full of electric cars powered will make no ecological difference. [2] This is due in part to its production costs, rare metal mining, energy consumed over its lifetime.

The disposal of batteries is also a concern. Dead ones can't be tossed in a landfill and few companies will recycle lithium batteries and electric cars have giant batteries.

References

  1. Don't be fooled - Elon Musk's electric cars aren't about to save the planet, The Telegraphe, April 6, 2016
  2. Tesla, The Coal-Powered Car, Won’t Be Saving The World, Investors.com, April 4, 2016

See also