|(4 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)|
|−|'''Final Fantasy VII''' is a best selling RPG for the Sony Playstation. Despite being a best seller the game is filled with highly offensive material. For one it features a hockey team named the AVALANCHE who are also a terrorist group. They blow up a coal power plant but justify it by saying they are helping the environment. The game is also filled with profanity especially from Cid and Barrett (who bears a strong resemblence to Mr. T). The game was also critcized harshly because of the sexual liasons of the main character Cloud Strife. He has relations with three girls in the course of the game including a 16 year old Japenese girl named Yuffie. |+|
a the the . of the of the the the of the . , (. )
, the of . and in the
|−|The main protagonist of the game. Once a member of the US marines, now heads an eco-terrorist group called Avalanche |+|
|−|===Barrett ( aka Mr. T) === |+|
. . ,and .
|−|An African-American man who is second in command in Avalanche to Cloud. Has an adopted white daughter named Marlene. Shows love and affection to her, one of the few redeeming qualities of this highly offensive game. |+|
the . group is a and the the for a . A a an in .
|−|Cloud's gf from his childhood. Flashbacks show Tifa and Cloud engaging in sexual acts as early as age 12. This part of the game as been highly criticized |+|
to the have ]. the in of the and the .
|−|Another one of Cloud's love interests. Cloud steals Aeris' virginity. To be fair though, Cloud does show genuine affection towards her and becomes extremely upset when she is brutally murdered by Sephiroth. |+|
|−|===Cid Jefferson=== |+|
, conservative , and . not to the , and have to the .
|−|Owner of the Jefferson Airplane, an aircraft you can use to fly all over the world. Joins your group after he is offered a night with Yuffie and a 12 pack of Blue. |+|
|−|===Vince the Pince=== |+|
, and the , in of the and of . the does not to .
|−|A mysterious man who has been locked in the Shinra mansion in Nibelheim for 30 years. He has been crygenically frozen so he still resembes a 27 year old man. Shoots people with his Colt 45. |+|
|−|===Cait Sith=== |+|
's the .
puppett controlled by a 40 year old virgin who works in an office in Midgar. Turns out to be a mole for Shinra but later joins the cause of AVALANCHE |+|
|−|===Yuffie Kisagari=== |+|
other . the be the the the . that is an .
|−|An attractive Japenese teenager. She has a passionate affair with Cloud Strife and also has relations with Cid (she only slept with Cid so the crew would get access to the Jefferson Airplane). She was kidnapped and molested by Don Corleone in Tokyo but was rescued before Corleone could have intercourse with her.] |+|
|−|===Red CXIX=== |+|
have been by the and .
|−|Cloud's pet dog. A loyal companion with a gentle temperment, Red is probably the most moral individual in the game (sad to say because he is not even human). He shows affection to all he meets especially children. |+|
, -to , .that the .
|−|A highly dangerous psychopath with superhuman strength. He is also a leader of a dangerous cult known as Jenova's Witnesses. He is the main antagonist of the game and brutally murders Aeris in the Canadian Rockies. |+|
|−|Although from a commercial standpoint Final Fantasy VII was highly successful, it has been criticized by a variety of both liberal and conservative groups including Christian groups, women's groups, and minority groups. |+|
|−|===Christian Criticisms=== |+|
|−|Although the game does not mock Christianity or make any references to God or Jesus, the game does violate Christian values. On one hand, Cloud does show genuine affection to his friends and lovers and Barrett is shown to have a good relationship to his daughter but the game is fraught with moral relativism. The protagonists of the game are eco-terrorists who although their cause may be noble, their methods are brutal and repugnant and their actions kill innocent civilians. Although their renounce terror later in the game, this does not excuse their actions. Also sex is trivalized in the game. Instead of being the ultimate act of intimacy between a man and his wife; Cloud has relations with three unmarried young women, one of whom is still a teenager. Although the acts were depicted as consensual, this does not send a good message to young impressionable children and teens. |+|
|−|===Women's Rights Group Criticisms=== |+|
|−|Ironically, many women's rights groups share some of the same complaints as Christian groups. Despite often being at odds with each other , feminists and Christians find some common ground in their opposition to this game. Women's groups find the way sex is trivalized to be highly offensive as well as the fact that the girls in the game are sometimes treated as sex objects by the other characters. The fact that a 16 year old is depicted in sexual acts with an older man (Cloud is 21 years old) has also been harshly criticized. |+|
|−|===Minority Rights Group Criticisms=== |+|
|−|Both Japanese and African-American groups have been highly outraged by the stereotypical portrayal of Japenase and African American characters. Barrett is depicted as loud, hot- headed and prone to violence, reinforcing the stereotype of black gang members. Yuffie is portrayed as a nymphomaniac which perpetuates the stereotype that Japanese women are merely the playthings of Western men. |+|
Latest revision as of 06:44, 7 April 2008
The Boy Scouts just won a stunning victory against the ACLU, in defense of the Scouts’ honoring of God. A 3-0 ruling of the Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit held that the federal government can continue to sponsor the national Jamboree event of the Scouts. Winkler v. Gates, 2007 U.S. App. LEXIS 7677 (7th Cir. Apr. 4, 2007).
Every four years for 70 years, the United States government has sponsored on military property a Jamboree for tens of thousands of Boy Scouts. The Boy Scouts are perhaps the largest voluntary youth group in America, and many future Scouts serve our nation in the military and in public office.
Seven Presidents have attended the Jamboree since 1937, beginning with President Franklin D. Roosevelt. This event lasts ten days and attracts over 40,000 Boy Scouts and about 300,000 visitors. The 2010 Jamboree will commemorate the Boy Scouts' 100th anniversary in America.
But the ACLU demanded that a court prohibit this. An ACLU group in Chicago argued that the Boy Scouts is a religious organization, and that the federal government violates the Establishment Clause by sponsoring an event for a religious organization. A few months before the scheduled 2005 Jamboree, the ACLU persuaded a federal judge to prohibit the government sponsorship, though the judge did make an exception to allow the Jamboree to go forward in Virginia that year.
The government appealed this decision to the Seventh Circuit, where there have been numerous other Establishment Clause cases. This time the Seventh Circuit ruled in favor of government and the Boy Scouts, and ordered that the ACLU's lawsuit be dismissed.
The Seventh Circuit panel consisted of Clinton-appointed Judge Diane Wood, the conservative Judge Diane Sykes, and Nixon-appointed Judge William Bauer. Judge Sykes did not give an inch to the ACLU in this case, and her strongly conservative concurrence may have helped pull the entire panel to the right.
Judge Wood, writing for herself and the third Judge, ruled in favor of the government and the Boy Scouts without ever reaching the issue of religion. She found that the ACLU plaintiffs lacked legal standing to challenge the government-supported Jamboree. The Jamboree does not hurt the ACLU plaintiffs in any meaningful way, so there was no legitimate injury for the court to address.
"Today's decision allows everyone to get back to planning the centennial Jamboree celebrating Boy Scouts' 100th birthday," declared the Scouts' attorney, George A. Davidson.
This victory makes one wonder if other ACLU lawsuits can be defeated using similar arguments. This Court relied on how the Jamboree can be defended using the Military and Property Clauses of the Constitution, rather than the Taxing and Spending Clause. This Court concluded that when government action is based on the Military or Property Clauses, ordinary taxpayers have no legal standing to challenge an endorsement of religion.
There were virtually no reported federal lawsuits by the ACLU against the Boy Scouts before 1999. But after the Boy Scouts began asserting their right to exclude openly homosexual Scout leaders, there have been numerous efforts by the ACLU to deny access by the Boy Scouts to government property and benefits.
In San Diego, the ACLU persuaded a federal trial judge to invalidate a 25-year lease guaranteeing the Boy Scouts affordable access to local parks. Barnes-Wallace v. BSA, 275 F.Supp.2d 1259 (S.D. Cal. 2003). The ACLU plaintiffs in that case may not have any greater claim to legal standing than the plaintiffs in the Jamboree case. This decision remains on appeal, and perhaps the Scouts can turn their Jamboree victory into a victory here also.