Francisco de Goya
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (born Fuendetodos, 30th of March, 1746 - Bordeaux, France, April 16, 1828) was an Spanish romantic painter and printmaker. He was born in Fuendetodos, Zaragoza, Spain where he studied with the painter José Luzán.
In 1774 he went to the studio of Francisco Bayeu, there he learned the charm of construction and the art of color. He also married Josefa, his teacher’s sister (same case as Diego Velazquez). This marriage gave him an introduction to the Royal Tapestry Workshop and settled down in the Court and discovered the prodigious world of noble Spain. In 1783, the Count of Floridablanca commissioned him to paint his portrait. In 1799 he was appointed the Royal Painter. Then, Goya painted the King and the Queen, Royal family pictures, portraits of Princess and many other nobles. In ca. 1800 he painted the famous Majas, The Nude Maja and The Clothed Maja, two of Goya's best known paintings.
In Goya’s works one sees also an unsparing realism, showing cruelties, the moral chaos and the failure of intellectual ideals. After 1808 (military occupation of Spain by France) he was painting some of his most famous canvases: The Charge of the Mamelukes and The Executions of the 3 May 1808 (in La Moncloa), as well as the series of The Disasters of the Wars (1810-1814). After that time, Goya worked incessantly: portraits, pictures, lithographs, pictures of tauromachy, etc. Before he moved to France, Goya covered the walls of his "Quinta del Sordo" (Deaf Man's House) with his famous "black paintings.
Goya said that Velazquez, Rembrandt and nature had been his masters. Goya died in an auto exile in Bordeaux, France. As pioneer of new artistic tendencies, Francisco de Goya is considered "the Father of Modern Art".