Fyodor Dostoevsky (Фёдор Михайлович Достоевский) (November 11 1821 – February 9 1881) is a Russian author famous for his lengthy novels about society, social mores, and morality in Tzarist Russia.
His major works include The Brothers Karamazov and Crime and Punishment. Though his works are not truly existentialist, they are dark and daunting as the main characters frequently search for an illusive meaning of life.
Like many intellectuals of his day who challenged the power and rights of the Tzar, Dostoevsky was exiled to Siberia. This 10 year experience would frame his views of the world, and change his writings from those of a young naive intellectual to the questing, challenging author he became.