Difference between revisions of "God"

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<small>''This article is about the biblical God.  For the term as used to refer to any divine being, see [[Other gods]]''</small>
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#REDIRECT [[Satan]]
[[Image:Alphaomega.jpg|thumb|200px|God is the Alpha and Omega, the first and last, the beginning and the ending <ref>Revelation 22:13</ref>]]
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{{trinity}}
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{{cquote|'''Genesis 1:1'''<br />In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.}}
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'''God''' is the sovereign creator and eternal ruler of all things and beings that exist, whether in the physical [[universe]] or in the spiritual realm ([[Heaven]]).  Not only is God the creator and ruler of the things and beings within those two realms, but He is also the creator of the realms themselves. God created the physical universe, and before He acted in this creation, the universe did not exist. Likewise God did with the spiritual realm.
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== God is Revealed: How we know about God ==
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Other than creation itself, God is revealed in several ways, including [[theological correlates]], conscience, and special revelation (the [[Bible]], and prophets). Most importantly though, God is revealed in [[Jesus Christ]], who is the Son of God.
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[[File:Mezquita Catedral Cordoba.jpg|frame|center|[[Cathedral]] Cordoba, Spain.]]
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== Attributes or Character of God ==
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[[File:Rembrandt Ascension.jpg|thumb|[[Rembrandt]], Ascension.]]
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The attributes of God are things that describe who He is. Similar to the way one might describe a close friend to another individual, so too do these attributes describe God's character and nature. Attributes of God include but are not limited to [[Wisdom]], [[Infinitude]], [[Sovereignty]], [[Holiness]], [[Trinity]], [[Omniscience]], [[Faithfulness]], [[Love]], [[Omnipotence]], Self-existence, Self-sufficiency, [[Justice]], [[Immutability]], [[Mercy]], [[Eternal]], [[Goodness]], Graciousness, and [[Omnipresence]]. These attributes all work in complete and perfect harmony with one another.
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God exercises eternal and righteous judgment of the wicked in [[hell]], because of an inherent problem in the human heart, namely [[Sin]]. According to the [[Bible]], the sacrifice of [[Jesus Christ]] on the cross of [[calvary]] and then [[resurrection]], is God's merciful and gracious response to the problem of the human heart.
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=== God is Triune ===
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{{main|Trinity}}
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Although the Bible does not use the term, it is clear that God is a triune God, or three in one.
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These are sometimes referred to as ''God the Father'', ''God the Son'' ([[Jesus Christ|Jesus]]), and the ''[[Holy Spirit]]''.
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The first hint of the Trinity is in {{Bible ref|Genesis|1|26}} which relates God saying, "Let us make man in our image", indicating that God is a plurality.
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The three persons of God are treated as equivalents in these words of Jesus shortly after His resurrection:
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{{Bible quote|Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.|book=Matthew|chap=28|verses=19|version=NIV}}
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==== Jesus is God ====
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[[Image:Pieta.jpg|thumb|270px|[[Pieta]], [[Michelangelo]].]]
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The first verse of the [[Gospel of John]], in which Jesus is referred to as the "Word", makes clear that Jesus is synonymous with God:
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{{Bible quote|In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.|book=John|chap=1|verses=1|version=NIV}}
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This verse not only says that "the Word" (Jesus) is synonymous with God, but also says that the Word was "in the beginning", which means that He existed before all else existed, something that is only true of God.
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This is reinforced two verses later, in which Jesus is described as the creator.
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[[Genesis]] refers to God as being the Creator.
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{{Bible quote|Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.|book=John|chap=1|verses=3|version=NIV}}
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==== The Holy Spirit is God ====
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In the following passage, the [[Holy Spirit]] is referred to as God:
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{{Bible quote|Then Peter said, "Ananias, how is it that Satan has so filled your heart that you have lied to the Holy Spirit and have kept for yourself some of the money you received for the land? Didn't it belong to you before it was sold? And after it was sold, wasn't the money at your disposal? What made you think of doing such a thing? You have not lied to men but to God."|book=Acts|chap=5|verses=3-4|version=NIV}}
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=== God is omniscient ===
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{{main|omniscience}}
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God knows everything:
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{{Bible quote|This then is how we know that we belong to the truth, and how we set our hearts at rest in his presence whenever our hearts condemn us. For God is greater than our hearts, and he knows everything.|book=1_John|chap=3|verses=19-20|version=NIV}}
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Because God is outside of [[time]], He can see and knows the [[past]] and the [[future]] as well as the present.
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== "God" sometimes used to refer to God the Father ==
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[[Image:Velasco Padre Eterno.jpg|thumb|left|180px|God the Father by [[Jose Maria Velasco]] (1840-1912).]]
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In the Bible, the word "God" (θεός) does not always refer to God's being as a whole, but more specifically refers to the Person of the Father (God the Father). Here are some verses which demonstrate this:
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{{cquote|'''John 3:16''' (NASB)<br />For <u>God</u> so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten <u>Son</u>, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.}}
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{{cquote|'''1 John 4:10''' (NASB)<br />In this is love, not that we loved <u>God</u>, but that He loved us and sent <u>His Son</u> to be the propitiation for our sins.}}
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Notice how in each case, "Father" can be substituted for "God." For example, "For the ''Father'' so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son," and "not that we loved the ''Father'', but that He loved us and sent His Son."
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{{Clear}}
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== Terminology ==
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The Bible uses several different words to refer to God.
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"God" itself is not a name, but an [[Old English]] word meaning ''supreme being, diety'',<ref>[http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=god God] Online Etymology Dictionary.</ref> which the translators who translated the Bible in to English chose as the appropriate English word for the [[Hebrew]] ''elohim'' and the [[Greek]] ''theos'' used in the [[Old Testament]] and [[New Testament]] respectively.<ref name="DPK">Kruse, Dale P.,[http://www.layevangelism.com/advtxbk/sections/sect-10/sec10-9.htm More on the ''Names'' of God In the Bible], Advanced Training Program of Evangelism.</ref>
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The other main term for God is the Hebrew ''adonai'', usually translated ''Lord''.
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There are various compound words also used in the Bible, such as ''el shaddai'', which means ''God Almighty'' ("''el''" is a short version of ''elohim'').<ref name="DPK" />
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''YHWH'' is given in the Bible as God's actual name.  In most English Bibles it is translated as <span style="font-variant:small-caps">''Lord''</span>, in small capitals.  The name has various other English versions, including Yehovah, Jehovah, and Yahweh.<ref>McHyde, Tim, [http://www.escapeallthesethings.com/yahweh.htm God’s Name: LORD, Yahweh, Yahveh, YHWH, YHVH, Jehovah or Yehovah?]</ref>
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== Resources on becoming a Christian ==
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[[File:Hoffman Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane.jpg|thumbnail|170px||Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane by Heinrich Hofmann.]]
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''see also:'' [[Resources on becoming a Christian]]
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'''Below are some resources on becoming a [[Christian]]:'''
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*[http://www.jesusfilm.org/film-and-media/watch-the-film  Jesus film - free access]
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*[http://www.thewordfortoday.org/?page=C2000 Free audio Bible and Bible audio streaming]
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*[http://www.gotquestions.org/repentance.html Repentance]
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*[http://www.allaboutgod.com/ AllAboutGod.com]
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*[[Video testimonies of Christians]]
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'''Tips on choosing a Christian church:'''
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*[http://www.allaboutreligion.org/choosing-a-christian-church-faq.htm Choosing a Christian Church]
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'''Spiritual growth as a Christian:'''
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*[http://www.navpress.com/product/9781576839324/The-Pursuit-of-Holiness-Jerry-Bridges The Pursuit of Holiness] by Jerry Bridges
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*[http://www.navpress.com/product/9780891099413/The-Practice-of-Godliness-Jerry-Bridges The Practice of Godliness] by Jerry Bridges
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*[http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/529785.The_Complete_Book_of_Discipleship The Complete Book of Discipleship: On Being and Making Followers of Christ]
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==See also==
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*[[Other gods]]
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*[[Atheism]]
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*[[Christianity in Conservapedia]]
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*[[Bible Art Gallery]]
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== References ==
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{{Reflist}}
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==External links==
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*[https://www.gotquestions.org/who-is-God.html Who is God?], at [[GotQuestions]]
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*[https://www.gotquestions.org/what-is-God.html What is God?], at [[GotQuestions]]
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*[https://www.gotquestions.org/is-there-a-God.html Is there a God?], at [[GotQuestions]]
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*[https://answersingenesis.org/jesus-christ/jesus-is-god/10-biblical-reasons-jesus-is-god/ 10 Biblical Reasons Jesus Is God], by Simon Turpin at [[Answers in Genesis]], August 8, 2017
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*[http://www.theopedia.com/God Theopedia - God]
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*[http://christiananswers.net/dictionary/god.html ChristianAnswers.net - God]
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*[http://wikible.org/en/God Wikible.org - God]
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[[Category:Christianity]]
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[[Category:Divine Beings]]
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Revision as of 21:40, 22 September 2017

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