Difference between revisions of "Guam"

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'''Guam''' (gwäm) <ref>http://www.yourdictionary.com/guam</ref> is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands. It is an unincorporated territory of the [[United States]] located in the [[Pacific Ocean]]; the residents are full U.S. citizens. The [[island]] was ceded to the United States by [[Spain]] in 1898. The [[United States Army]] and Navy maintains military bases on Guam.
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[[Image:Flag of Guam.svg.png|right|300px]]
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[[Image:GUAM.jpg|right|thumb|300px|Guam]]
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'''Guam''' (gwäm)<ref>http://www.yourdictionary.com/guam</ref> is the largest and southernmost of the [[Mariana Islands]]. It is an unincorporated territory of the [[United States]] located in the [[Pacific Ocean]]; the residents are full U.S. citizens.
  
In [[World War II]], Guam was occupied by the Japanese, but American forces landed in July 1944, and took back the island after a three-week battle.  Out of 18,000 Japanese troops stationed on the island, only 500 survived to become prisoners of war.<ref>Chronicle of the 20th Century, ed. by Clifton Daniel, Chronicle Publications, 1987</ref>
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==History==
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The [[island]], Guam, was ceded to the United States by [[Spain]] in 1898, after the [[Spanish-American War]].<ref name="CIA"/>
  
[[Image:GUAM.jpg|right|thumb|300px|Guam]]
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In [[World War II]], Guam was occupied by the Japanese, but American forces landed in July 1944 and took back the island after a three-week battle. Out of 18,000 Japanese troops stationed on the island, only 500 survived to become prisoners of war.<ref>Chronicle of the 20th Century, ed. by Clifton Daniel, Chronicle Publications, 1987</ref>
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The population of Guam is estimated at 173,456 in 2007.<ref>https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gq.html</ref> Chamorro and English are the primary languages spoken in Guam. The highest point in Guam is Mount Lamlam, which is 1,332 feet (406 m). The weather is usually hot and humid, ranging from 74° to 86°, with an average annual rainfall of 96 inches. [[Typhoon]]s are common, especially during the months of [[October]] and [[November]].<ref>http://ns.gov.gu/visiting.html</ref><ref>http://ns.gov.gu/agana.html</ref>
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==Geography==
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The highest point in Guam is Mount Lamlam, which is 1,332 feet (406 m). The weather is usually hot and humid, ranging from 74° to 86°, with an average annual rainfall of 96 inches. [[Typhoon]]s are common, especially during the months of [[October]] and [[November]].<ref>http://ns.gov.gu/visiting.html</ref><ref>http://ns.gov.gu/agana.html</ref>
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==Demographics==
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The population of Guam is estimated at 162,742 in July 2016.<ref name="CIA">[https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gq.html Guam - The World Factbook]. ''CIA''. Retrieved September 30, 2016.</ref> As of 2010, the largest ethnic groups on this island are Chamorro (37.3%), Filipino (26.3%), white (7.1%), and Chuukese (7%).<ref name="CIA"/> The most common languages, as of 2010, are English (43.6%), Filipino (21.2%), and Chamorro (17.8%).<ref name="CIA"/> About 85 percent of the population are estimated to be [[Roman Catholicism|Roman Catholics]].<ref name="CIA"/>
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==Military and geopolitics==
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[[File:US Navy 110821-N-AZ907-015 The aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) enters Apra Harbor for a scheduled port visit.jpg|250px|thumb|The USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) entering Apra Harbor in 2011]]
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The [[United States Army]] and [[United States Navy|Navy]] maintains military bases on Guam,<ref name="CIA"/> which cover 29% of the island's total land area.<ref name="SmallImportant">[https://www.voanews.com/a/guam-small-but-important-us-pacific-territory/3979325.html Guam: Small But Important Piece of US Territory in Pacific]. ''Voice of America''. August 9, 2017. Retrieved August 10, 2017.</ref> The U.S. military has maintained its military presence on the island since 1944, when it retook the island from the Japanese during World War II.<ref name="SmallImportant"/>
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Guam is a strategically important U.S. territory in the Pacific.<ref name="SmallImportant"/>
  
 
==Politics==
 
==Politics==
Guam is a more conservative territory. It is a [[right to work]] state,<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/research/labor-and-employment/right-to-work-laws-and-bills.aspx Right to Work Laws]. ''National Conference of State Legislators''. Retrieved September 30, 2016.</ref> and since 2014 it has been a [[Castle Doctrine]]<ref>Fernandez, Janna (February 10, 2014). [http://governor.guam.gov/2014/02/10/rights-calvo-signs-adas-castle-doctrine-law/ Press Release - "YOUR RIGHTS: Calvo Signs Ada’s Castle Doctrine into Law"]. ''Office of Governor Eddie Baza Calvo''. Retrieved September 30 2016.</ref><ref name="TedCruz">Miculka, Cameron (January 30, 2016). [http://www.guampdn.com/story/news/2016/01/28/gov-calvo-endorses-ted-cruz-president/79488408/ Gov. Calvo endorses Ted Cruz for president]. ''Pacific Daily News''. Retrieved September 30, 2016.</ref> and [[concealed carry]] state.<ref name="TedCruz"/><ref>Matanane, Sabrina Salas (May 28, 2014). [http://www.kuam.com/story/25626210/2014/05/28/governor-signs-12-bills-vetoes-2 "Governor Signs 12 Bills, Vetoes 2"] ''Kuam News''. Retrieved February 3, 2015.</ref>
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Guam is a relatively conservative U.S. territory. It is a [[right to work]] state,<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/research/labor-and-employment/right-to-work-laws-and-bills.aspx Right to Work Laws]. ''National Conference of State Legislators''. Retrieved September 30, 2016.</ref> and since 2014 it has been a [[Castle Doctrine]]<ref>Fernandez, Janna (February 10, 2014). [http://governor.guam.gov/2014/02/10/rights-calvo-signs-adas-castle-doctrine-law/ Press Release - "YOUR RIGHTS: Calvo Signs Ada’s Castle Doctrine into Law"]. ''Office of Governor Eddie Baza Calvo''. Retrieved September 30, 2016.</ref><ref name="TedCruz">Miculka, Cameron (January 30, 2016). [http://www.guampdn.com/story/news/2016/01/28/gov-calvo-endorses-ted-cruz-president/79488408/ Gov. Calvo endorses Ted Cruz for president]. ''Pacific Daily News''. Retrieved September 30, 2016.</ref> and [[concealed carry]] state.<ref name="TedCruz"/><ref>Matanane, Sabrina Salas (May 28, 2014). [http://www.kuam.com/story/25626210/2014/05/28/governor-signs-12-bills-vetoes-2 "Governor Signs 12 Bills, Vetoes 2"] ''Kuam News''. Retrieved September 30, 2016.</ref>
  
 
==Elected officials==
 
==Elected officials==
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===Federal===
 
===Federal===
*Rep. [[Amata Coleman Radewagen]] [R, GU-0]
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*Rep. [[Madeleine Bordallo]] [D, GU-0]
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== See also ==
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*[[World History Lecture Ten]]
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*[[World History Lecture Twelve]]
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*[[Northern Mariana Islands]]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
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{{reflist}}
  
<references/>
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==External links==
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*Greenwood, Max (August 10, 2017). [http://thehill.com/homenews/news/346070-5-things-to-know-about-guam 5 things to know about Guam]. ''The Hil''.
  
 
[[Category:Islands]]
 
[[Category:Islands]]
 
[[Category:United States Territories]]
 
[[Category:United States Territories]]
 
[[Category:Spanish Empire]]
 
[[Category:Spanish Empire]]
 
== See also ==
 
 
[[World History Lecture Ten]]
 
 
[[World History Lecture Twelve]]
 

Latest revision as of 15:35, 10 August 2017

Flag of Guam.svg.png
Guam

Guam (gwäm)[1] is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands. It is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the Pacific Ocean; the residents are full U.S. citizens.

History

The island, Guam, was ceded to the United States by Spain in 1898, after the Spanish-American War.[2]

In World War II, Guam was occupied by the Japanese, but American forces landed in July 1944 and took back the island after a three-week battle. Out of 18,000 Japanese troops stationed on the island, only 500 survived to become prisoners of war.[3]

Geography

The highest point in Guam is Mount Lamlam, which is 1,332 feet (406 m). The weather is usually hot and humid, ranging from 74° to 86°, with an average annual rainfall of 96 inches. Typhoons are common, especially during the months of October and November.[4][5]

Demographics

The population of Guam is estimated at 162,742 in July 2016.[2] As of 2010, the largest ethnic groups on this island are Chamorro (37.3%), Filipino (26.3%), white (7.1%), and Chuukese (7%).[2] The most common languages, as of 2010, are English (43.6%), Filipino (21.2%), and Chamorro (17.8%).[2] About 85 percent of the population are estimated to be Roman Catholics.[2]

Military and geopolitics

The USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) entering Apra Harbor in 2011

The United States Army and Navy maintains military bases on Guam,[2] which cover 29% of the island's total land area.[6] The U.S. military has maintained its military presence on the island since 1944, when it retook the island from the Japanese during World War II.[6]

Guam is a strategically important U.S. territory in the Pacific.[6]

Politics

Guam is a relatively conservative U.S. territory. It is a right to work state,[7] and since 2014 it has been a Castle Doctrine[8][9] and concealed carry state.[9][10]

Elected officials

State

Federal

See also

References

  1. http://www.yourdictionary.com/guam
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Guam - The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  3. Chronicle of the 20th Century, ed. by Clifton Daniel, Chronicle Publications, 1987
  4. http://ns.gov.gu/visiting.html
  5. http://ns.gov.gu/agana.html
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Guam: Small But Important Piece of US Territory in Pacific. Voice of America. August 9, 2017. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  7. Right to Work Laws. National Conference of State Legislators. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  8. Fernandez, Janna (February 10, 2014). Press Release - "YOUR RIGHTS: Calvo Signs Ada’s Castle Doctrine into Law". Office of Governor Eddie Baza Calvo. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Miculka, Cameron (January 30, 2016). Gov. Calvo endorses Ted Cruz for president. Pacific Daily News. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  10. Matanane, Sabrina Salas (May 28, 2014). "Governor Signs 12 Bills, Vetoes 2" Kuam News. Retrieved September 30, 2016.

External links