Heat capacity, also called specific heat capacity is the amount of heat it takes to make a certain mass of a substance increase by a certain amount of temperature. The unit of calorie is defined by the heat capacity of water: 1 calorie is defined as the amount of heat it takes to heat 1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius.
A table of heat capacities of select substances is as follows:
- Wile, Dr. Jay L. Exploring Creation With Chemistry. Apologia Educational Ministries, Inc. 1998