Heat capacity

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Heat capacity, also called specific heat capacity is the amount of heat it takes to make a certain mass of a substance increase by a certain amount of temperature. The unit of calorie is defined by the heat capacity of water: 1 calorie is defined as the amount of heat it takes to heat 1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius.

A table of heat capacities of select substances is as follows:

Substance Heat Capacity
Copper 0.092
Glass 0.200
Iron 0.108
Styrofoam 11.95
Water 1.00


  1. Wile, Dr. Jay L. Exploring Creation With Chemistry. Apologia Educational Ministries, Inc. 1998