Ho Chi Minh
|Ho Chi Minh|
|Date & Place of Birth||19 May 1890, Nghe An Province, French Indochina|
|Parents||Nguyễn Sinh Sắc (father)|
|Education||Educated in France|
|Spouse||Tăng Tuyết Minh|
|Date & Place of Death||3 September 1969 (aged 79), in Hanoi|
|Manner of Death||Heart failure|
|Place of Burial||Buried in Hanoi with honors|
|Military Service||Led military as Commander in Chief during wars with France and USA|
|Highest rank attained||N/A|
|Political party||Vietnam Workers Party|
|Date of Dictatorship||Served as President from 2 September 1945 – 3 September 1969|
|Wars started||Invasions of South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia; Vietnam War|
|Number of Deaths attributed||1,500,000 (total number of Vietnamese killed by Communist democide in the north and south from 1945 to 1990, not counting war casualties); Engineered 1953-56 "land reform" bloodbath, during which 100,000 to 300,000 were killed. North Vietnam altogether killed upwards of 500,000 of its citizens (some say over 1 million); the Communists executed 200,000 South Vietnamese, killed 155,000 who tried to escape in cold blood, drowned 200-400,000, and killed another 200,000 in concentration camps after the war, along with potentially tens of thousands of others through different means. From 1945-56, when he had full control, North Vietnam killed between 250,000 and 925,000 people (Rummel). About 1,200,000 Vietnamese were killed on both sides during the war, along with 300,000 Cambodians and Laotians.|
Ho Chi Minh (born on May 19, 1890 as Nguyen Tat Thanh, also known as Nguyen Van Ba, Nguyen Ai Quoc, sometimes used other aliases) was a Vietnamese revolutionary who imposed one-party rule on Vietnam, dashing any hopes of it becoming a democratic country. He was Prime Minister of the so-called Democratic Republic of Vietnam (actually a totalitarian Communist state) from 1945 to 1955. He assumed the office of President in 1955 and remained there until his death on September 2, 1969. After the civil war ended in 1975, Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City. The name Ho Chi Minh means "The One Who Brings Light".
Life and Career
Nguyen Tat Thanh left Vietnam at the age of 20. He traveled to London, New York and Paris and took different jobs (among others: worked as a ship steward, gardener, cook in a restaurant). While working on a ship he used name Nguyen Van Ba, then he returned to his original name.
In 1919 he joined the French Socialist Party and in 1920, after the party fell apart, he become a member of the French Communist Party. He became an expert in colonialism issues. In 1922 he was delegated to Moscow, where he studied the doctrine and techniques of communism. In 1925 he was sent to China, officially as a staff member of the Soviet Consulate in Kanton, in fact as a Comintern agent. Then he became the Director of the Comintern Office in Shanghai. Since then, until the start of the Second World War he traveled a lot over Asia.
- Ho throughout his life was a dedicated Communist internationalist. In 1938 Ho went from Moscow to Moa's side at Yenan.
- Ho Chi Minh was a nationalist in the sense that he had a special affection for Vietnam’s people and favored Vietnamese unification and independence, but, from his reading of Lenin’s Theses onward, he firmly adhered to the Leninist principle that Communist nations should subordinate their interests to those of the international Communist movement. 
- Triumph Foresaken - history book by Mike Moyar which disproves most of the liberal propaganda about Ho.
- - VietNam Quoc Dan Dang (Vietnamese National Party) website
- The Blood-Red Hands of Ho Chi Minh
- Statistics Of Vietnamese Democide: Estimates, Calculations, And Sources
- The North Vietnamese Terror "More than 172,000 people died during the North Vietnam land reform campaign after being classified as landowners and wealthy farmers, official records of the time show. But official figures leave out summary executions of those accused of membership of the National People’s Party, however. Unofficial estimates of those killed by Ho Chi Minh’s Vietnam Labor Party, which later become the Vietnamese Communist Party, range from 200,000 to 900,000. ...“The land reform campaign was a crime of genocide like that of Pol Pot,” Hao said."
- "The Massacre of Hue", Time Magazine, 1969 South Vietnamese skulls stacked on top of one another in dozens of mass graves reveal a gruesome slaughter of thousands by the Viet Cong.
- "The Human Cost of Communism in Vietnam," US Government Report estimates that at least half a million were killed in the north and that up to one million will be killed in the south following the Communist victory. See the rest here,here, and here. Communist Lt. Col. Chuyen states that 5 million South Vietnamese are targets for persecution and that about 500,000 will be killed--which is almost exactly what happened. When asked if fears of a bloodbath are exaggerated, he says "they could not be exaggerated. It will happen." It did happen.
- Ho Chi Minh’s Land Reform: Mistake or Crime? Lam Thanh Liem, a major authority on land issues in Vietnam, concludes that the communists perpetrated a huge bloodbath and that the death toll was in the hundreds of thousands.
- The Vietnamese Gulag Chilling reports of the utter despair and mass suicides that followed Communist victory in South Vietnam.
- In Vietnam's Gulag, the Captives Die a Slow Death
- "Hanoi Regime Resolved to Oust Nearly All Ethnic Chinese"
- Nightmare at Sea Haunts Refugee Who Survived Communist ethnic cleansing and forced expulsions literally drove millions into the sea, where hundreds of thousands died.
- Camp Survivors At least a million South Vietnamese were sent to concentration camps, with at least 165,000 never being seen again.
- Genocide in Laos The Vietnamese and Laotian Communists waged a genocidal war against the Hmong tribesmen, with 100-300,000 dead.