Ho Chi Minh

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Ho Chi Minh
Personal Life
Date & Place of Birth 19 May 1890, Nghe An Province, French Indochina
Parents Nguyễn Sinh Sắc (father)
Claimed religion Atheist
Education Educated in France
Spouse Tăng Tuyết Minh
Children None
Date & Place of Death 3 September 1969 (aged 79), in Hanoi
Manner of Death Heart failure
Place of Burial Buried in Hanoi with honors
Dictatorial Career
Country Vietnam
Military Service Led military as Commander in Chief during wars with France and USA
Highest rank attained N/A
Political beliefs Communist
Political party Vietnam Workers Party
Date of Dictatorship Served as President from 2 September 1945 – 3 September 1969
Wars started Invasions of South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia; Vietnam War
Number of Deaths attributed 1,500,000 (total number of Vietnamese killed by Communist democide in the north and south from 1945 to 1990, not counting war casualties); Engineered 1953-56 "land reform" bloodbath, during which 100,000 to 300,000 were killed. North Vietnam altogether killed upwards of 500,000 of its citizens (some say over 1 million); the Communists executed 200,000 South Vietnamese, killed 155,000 who tried to escape in cold blood, drowned 200-400,000, and killed another 200,000 in concentration camps after the war, along with potentially tens of thousands of others through different means. From 1945-56, when he had full control, North Vietnam killed between 250,000 and 925,000 people (Rummel). About 1,200,000 Vietnamese were killed on both sides during the war, along with 300,000 Cambodians and Laotians.

Ho Chi Minh (born on May 19, 1890 as Nguyen Tat Thanh, also known as Nguyen Van Ba, Nguyen Ai Quoc, sometimes used other aliases) was a Vietnamese revolutionary who imposed one-party rule on Vietnam, dashing any hopes of it becoming a democratic country. He was Prime Minister of the so-called Democratic Republic of Vietnam (actually a totalitarian Communist state) from 1945 to 1955. He assumed the office of President in 1955 and remained there until his death on September 2, 1969. After the civil war ended in 1975, Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City. The name Ho Chi Minh means "The One Who Brings Light".

Life and Career

Nguyen Tat Thanh left Vietnam at the age of 20. He traveled to London, New York and Paris and took different jobs (among others: worked as a ship steward, gardener, cook in a restaurant). While working on a ship he used name Nguyen Van Ba, then he returned to his original name.

In 1919 he joined the French Socialist Party and in 1920, after the party fell apart, he become a member of the French Communist Party. He became an expert in colonialism issues. In 1922 he was delegated to Moscow, where he studied the doctrine and techniques of communism. In 1925 he was sent to China, officially as a staff member of the Soviet Consulate in Kanton, in fact as a Comintern agent. Then he became the Director of the Comintern Office in Shanghai. Since then, until the start of the Second World War he traveled a lot over Asia.

  • Ho throughout his life was a dedicated Communist internationalist. In 1938 Ho went from Moscow to Moa's side at Yenan.[1][2]
  • Ho Chi Minh was a nationalist in the sense that he had a special affection for Vietnam’s people and favored Vietnamese unification and independence, but, from his reading of Lenin’s Theses onward, he firmly adhered to the Leninist principle that Communist nations should subordinate their interests to those of the international Communist movement. [3]

External links


  1. OSS in China: prelude to Cold War], By Maochun Yu.
  2. http://www.oldwardogs.us/2006/12/understanding_r.html
  3. http://www.triumphforsaken.com/index.php?pr=Excerpt