Difference between revisions of "Hydronium"

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'''Hydronium''' is a [[polyatomic ion]] with [[chemical formula]] H<sub>3</sub>O<sup>+</sup>. It is often simplified to H<sup>+</sup> in writing chemical reactions.
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Hydronium is present in all aqueous [[solution]]s, as the [[acid]]ic counterpart to the [[alkaline]] [[hydroxide]] (OH<sup>-</sup>).  A hydronium ion will combine with a hydroxide ion to create two [[water]] (H<sub>2</sub>O) [[molecule]]s.  An imbalance will shift the [[pH]] down if hydronium is more dominant.
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[[Category:Chemistry]]

Revision as of 09:11, 17 October 2007

Hydronium is a polyatomic ion with chemical formula H3O+. It is often simplified to H+ in writing chemical reactions.

Hydronium is present in all aqueous solutions, as the acidic counterpart to the alkaline hydroxide (OH-). A hydronium ion will combine with a hydroxide ion to create two water (H2O) molecules. An imbalance will shift the pH down if hydronium is more dominant.