Difference between revisions of "Hypothesis"

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An educated guess that attempts to explain an observation or answer a question.<ref>Wile, Dr. Jay L. ''Exploring Creation Through General Science''. Anderson: Apologia Educational Ministries, Inc.  
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A '''hypothesis''' is an educated guess that attempts to explain an [[Scientific observation|observation]] or answer a question.<ref>Wile, Dr. Jay L. ''Exploring Creation With General Science''. Anderson: Apologia Educational Ministries, Inc. 2000</ref> It is then tested with [[experiments]], and if it makes [[falsifiable]] claims and is supported by evidence, is called a [[theory]].  Thus, [[Gravity]], [[Quantum Mechanics]], [[Germ Theory]], and [[Evolution]] are all referred to as '''theories'''.  A hypothesis is typically tested against the [[null hypothesis]], a default position that typically holds that something is not present, that there is no effect, or that there is no difference between treatment and control.<ref>[http://statistics.berkeley.edu/~stark/SticiGui/Text/gloss.htm#null_hypothesis Glossary: Null hypothesis]</ref>
 
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[[Category:Methodology of Science]]
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Latest revision as of 15:48, 23 June 2016

A hypothesis is an educated guess that attempts to explain an observation or answer a question.[1] It is then tested with experiments, and if it makes falsifiable claims and is supported by evidence, is called a theory. Thus, Gravity, Quantum Mechanics, Germ Theory, and Evolution are all referred to as theories. A hypothesis is typically tested against the null hypothesis, a default position that typically holds that something is not present, that there is no effect, or that there is no difference between treatment and control.[2]

References

  1. Wile, Dr. Jay L. Exploring Creation With General Science. Anderson: Apologia Educational Ministries, Inc. 2000
  2. Glossary: Null hypothesis