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Painting (çµµç») is one of the oldest Japanese art, and the most popular one. Main Painting Schools are: Suibokuga, KanÅ, Rimpa, Tosa-ha, Nanga and Shijo. It has been influenced by Chinese art and Zen Buddhism, as well as by Western art.
Japanese interpretations and painters may be studied in the following periods:
- Ancient Japan
- Monochrome pottery, cord-impressed designs (Jomon) and lacquer objects.
- Nara period
- Painting in this period emulated Chinese T'ang prototypes.
- Heian and Kamakura periods
- Tokiwa Mitsunaga (ca. last half of the 12th century) Narrative Handscrolls.
- Muromachi period
- Josetsu (å¦æ) (1405 â 1423), the father of Japanese ink painting.
- Sesso Toyo (1420-1506)
- Azuchi-Momoyama period
- KanÅ Eitoku (ç©é æ°¸å¾³) (1543 - 1590), prominent patriarch of the KanÅ School.
- Edo period
- Tawaraya SÅtatsu (ä¿µå±å®é) (c. 1600s), co-founder of the Rimpa School.
- Hakuin Ekaku (1685-1768), had a profound effect on Zen painting.
- Sekkan Sakurai (1715-1790)
- Sukoku Toryuo (1730-1804)
- Maruyama Okyo (1733-95), the founder of the Maruyama-Shijo school of naturalist painters in Kyoto.
- Katsushika Hokusai (èé£¾åæ) (1760 â 1849), Ukiyo-e (æµ®ä¸çµµ) genre painter and printmaker. "Behind the Great Wave at Kanagawa" (c.1829) is one of the most renowned Japanese paintings.
- Nakabayashi Chikuto (1776-1853)
- Keibun Matsumura (1779-1843)
- Meiji period
- Shoen Uemura (1875-1949), female painter.
- Taisho period
- Taikan Yokoyama (1868-1958), member of the samurai class of the Mito clan.
- Showa period
- Kaii Higashiyama (1908-1999)
- Yuki Ogura (å°åéäº) (1895 - 2000), traditional female painter.
- Contemporary period
- Shinoda Toko (ç¯ ç°æ¡ç´ ) (b. 1913), female painter, sumi (ink) paintings and prints.
- Takashi Murakami (æä¸é) (1963 - )
Katsushika Hokusai was celebrated as a great print designer, book illustrator, and painter. His works had a deep and lasting effect not only on Japanese art but also on modern Western art. Hokusai was the first Japanese printmaker who endeavored to show the spectrum of human types and experiences in his work, and he was also the first to produce a significant series of pure landscape prints.