John Constable (1776-1837) was an English Romantic landscape painter of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He is known for pastoral paintings such as Dedham Vale (1802 and 1828) and The Hay Wain (Landscape: Noon) (1821). His paintings are now among the most popular and valuable in British art, though he was never financially successful. He was elected to the Royal Academy at the age of 52 and sold more paintings in France than in his home country, England.
The Hay Wain is one of the most famous of all English paintings. In 1824, when it was exhibited at the Paris Salon, it caused a sensation and was awarded with a gold medal by Charles X of France. The painting is currently exhibited at the National Gallery of London.