John Steinbeck

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John Steinbeck (b. 1902, d. 1968) was an American author. He wrote the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel The Grapes of Wrath (1939), along with fifteen other novels, six non-fiction books and several collections of short stories. In 1962 Steinbeck received the Nobel Prize for Literature.

Steinbeck grew up in and spent most of his writing career in California. Some of his works have been made into movies, including Cannery Row (1945), The Pearl (1947), Of Mice and Men (1939) and East of Eden (1952). Steinbeck was successful as a Hollywood writer, receiving an Academy Award nomination for Best Story in 1944 for Alfred Hitchcock's Lifeboat.

Of Mice and Men is number six on the American Library Association's list of the 100 most frequently censored books, 1990-2000.[1].

John Steinbeck died in New York City on December 20, 1968, of heart disease and congestive heart failure. He was 66, and had been a life-long smoker. An autopsy showed nearly complete occlusion of the main coronary arteries. At the scene of his death was found a short story involving male eroticism. It has been speculated that this sudden change in subject matter may have triggered the heart failure.

Partial Bibliography

Posthumous publishings include: