"Liberal Party" is the name of some like-named political parties in a number of countries:
- The British Liberal Party was powerful from the 1860s to 1920, then declined. It evolved from the Whig Party. Most members merged with Social Democratic Party (SDP) to form the Liberal Democrats in 1988.
- The Liberal Party of Australia, founded in 1944. There was also an earlier Liberal Party (Australia) during the second decade of the 20th century.