Difference between revisions of "Linnaeus"

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(New page: Carl Linnaeus, aka Carl von Linné, or Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) was the son of a Lutheran pastor in Sweden. His father taught him to love the identification of plants. So influenced,...)
 
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Carl Linnaeus, aka Carl von Linné, or Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) was the son of a Lutheran pastor in Sweden.  His father taught him to love the identification of plants.  So influenced, Linnaeus became a medical doctor who was quickly recognized for his outstanding abilities in the study of nature.  Linnaeus made it his goal to identify the original "kinds" of the Genesis account in the Bible.  Assuming that nature was ordered, he viewed the creatures as "pearls on a string" and established a system of classification for plants and animals that is still usedEach species was given a Latinized name in what is called binomial nomenclatureFor example, humans are classified as ''Homo sapiens'' or "wise man."
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Carl Linnaeus, aka Carl von Linné, or Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) was the son of a Lutheran pastor in Sweden.  His father taught him to love the identification of plants.  So influenced to appreciate nature, Linnaeus studied and became a medical doctor.  However, at every step he was quickly recognized for his outstanding abilities in the study of nature.  He became a professor ay Uppsala University, first in practical medicine, but then he traded for another position to become a professor of botany.  This was perfect for himHe was a good teacher and had many studentsHe took his students on field trips and even sent them to other lands to find specimens. He married and had five children.  He appointed his son to be his successor.  After he died, his widow was forced to sell his library because she needed money
  
Linnaeus praised the Lord for what he observed.  His approach was to start with the observations and then to end by praising God<ref>Lindroth, Sten. "The Two Faces of Linnaeus." edited by Tore Frangsmyr, ''Linnaeus: the Man and His Work.'' Canton, MA: Science History Publications, revised ed. 1994, p. 11</ref>
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Believing the Genesis account of Creation in the Bible, Linnaeus made it his goal to identify the original "kinds" that God had made.  Assuming that God would be orderly, he viewed the creatures as "pearls on a string" and established a system of classification for plants and animals that is still used.  Each species was given a Latinized name in what is called binomial nomenclature and then fit into ever larger groupings that subsumed the groups below. 
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For example, humans are named ''Homo sapiens'' or "wise man."  Going from the smallest grouping to the largest, humans would be classified as follows:
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Species: sapiens
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Genus: Homo
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Family: Hominidae
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Order: Primates
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Class: Mammalia
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Subphylum: Vertebrata
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Phylum: Chordata
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Kingdom:  Animalia
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How the system works can be seen when one considered the scientific names of wolves and dogs.  The species name of the grey wolf is ''Canis lupis'', the red wolf is ''Canis rufus'', all the domestic dogs are ''Canis familiaris'' (Some believe the domestic dog is the same as the grey wolf, ''Canis lupus''), the Coyote is ''Canis latrans.''  One can see that the genus ''Canus" includes animals that are judged to separate but quite similar.  ''Canis'' joins ''Homo'' at the class, mammalia because both give milk to their young.
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Linnaeus praised the Lord for what he observed in nature.  His approach was to start with the observations and then to end by praising God<ref>Lindroth, Sten. "The Two Faces of Linnaeus." edited by Tore Frangsmyr, ''Linnaeus: the Man and His Work.'' Canton, MA: Science History Publications, revised ed. 1994, p. 11</ref>
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At the end of his life Linnaeus did not believe that he had actually identified the Biblical "kinds."  While he felt that he had made progress, his concept of species did not equal the "kinds."  However, his system of naming and grouping earned him a lasting place in the history of science.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Revision as of 16:24, 4 April 2007

Carl Linnaeus, aka Carl von Linné, or Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) was the son of a Lutheran pastor in Sweden. His father taught him to love the identification of plants. So influenced to appreciate nature, Linnaeus studied and became a medical doctor. However, at every step he was quickly recognized for his outstanding abilities in the study of nature. He became a professor ay Uppsala University, first in practical medicine, but then he traded for another position to become a professor of botany. This was perfect for him. He was a good teacher and had many students. He took his students on field trips and even sent them to other lands to find specimens. He married and had five children. He appointed his son to be his successor. After he died, his widow was forced to sell his library because she needed money

Believing the Genesis account of Creation in the Bible, Linnaeus made it his goal to identify the original "kinds" that God had made. Assuming that God would be orderly, he viewed the creatures as "pearls on a string" and established a system of classification for plants and animals that is still used. Each species was given a Latinized name in what is called binomial nomenclature and then fit into ever larger groupings that subsumed the groups below.

For example, humans are named Homo sapiens or "wise man." Going from the smallest grouping to the largest, humans would be classified as follows:

Species: sapiens

Genus: Homo

Family: Hominidae

Order: Primates

Class: Mammalia

Subphylum: Vertebrata

Phylum: Chordata

Kingdom: Animalia

How the system works can be seen when one considered the scientific names of wolves and dogs. The species name of the grey wolf is Canis lupis, the red wolf is Canis rufus, all the domestic dogs are Canis familiaris (Some believe the domestic dog is the same as the grey wolf, Canis lupus), the Coyote is Canis latrans. One can see that the genus Canus" includes animals that are judged to separate but quite similar. Canis joins Homo at the class, mammalia because both give milk to their young.

Linnaeus praised the Lord for what he observed in nature. His approach was to start with the observations and then to end by praising God[1]

At the end of his life Linnaeus did not believe that he had actually identified the Biblical "kinds." While he felt that he had made progress, his concept of species did not equal the "kinds." However, his system of naming and grouping earned him a lasting place in the history of science.

References

  1. Lindroth, Sten. "The Two Faces of Linnaeus." edited by Tore Frangsmyr, Linnaeus: the Man and His Work. Canton, MA: Science History Publications, revised ed. 1994, p. 11