Difference between revisions of "List of instances of armed citizens stopping active shooters"

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* A would­-be robber was shot in 2006 by an employee at Media Madhouse in Indiana. After the suspect entered the building holding a gun on an employee and demanding money, a second employee jumped into action and shot the suspect, saving both employees and customers.<ref name="washtimes_listicle" />
 
* A would­-be robber was shot in 2006 by an employee at Media Madhouse in Indiana. After the suspect entered the building holding a gun on an employee and demanding money, a second employee jumped into action and shot the suspect, saving both employees and customers.<ref name="washtimes_listicle" />
 
* 72-­year-­old Jan Cooper saved her life and the life of her 85-­year-­old World War II veteran husband, who is confined to a wheelchair. In 2013, a man was breaking into the Cooper's Southern California home, when the grandmother fired one shot from her .357 ­Magnum Smith and Wesson revolver, which scared the burglar off.<ref name="washtimes_listicle" />
 
* 72-­year-­old Jan Cooper saved her life and the life of her 85-­year-­old World War II veteran husband, who is confined to a wheelchair. In 2013, a man was breaking into the Cooper's Southern California home, when the grandmother fired one shot from her .357 ­Magnum Smith and Wesson revolver, which scared the burglar off.<ref name="washtimes_listicle" />
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==See also==
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* [[Mass shootings prevented by armed citizens]]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 19:11, 14 June 2018

This article is a list of instances of armed citizens stopping active shooters in which mass shootings or elements of mass shootings were involved.

Spree killers and mass killings

The Federal Bureau of Investigation defines "mass killings as "three or more killings in a single incident".[1] A spree killer is someone who kills two or more victims in a short time, in multiple locations.[2]

Incidents in which an armed citizen stopped an active shooter

The following lists incidents of armed citizens stopping a shooter. Some gun control advocates describe these as "a lucky break";[3] however, it stretches credibility that such an armed confrontation would be pre-planned.

(The following lists do not include instances in which the "armed citizen" is the actual shooter committing suicide.)

The FBI stated:

Armed and unarmed citizens engaged the shooter [during the 2016-2017 time frame] in 10 incidents. They safely and successfully ended the shootings in eight of those incidents. Their selfless actions likely saved many lives.

The enhanced threat posed by active shooters and the swiftness with which active shooter incidents unfold support the importance of preparation by law enforcement officers and citizens alike.[4]

United States

According to the FBI, in 2016-17, In 10 incidents, citizens confronted the shooter. In eight of those incidents, one or more citizens safely and successfully acted to end the shooting.[4]

The following is a partial list describing citizens engaging active shooters:

  • Oklahoma City, OK, May 24, 2018 - Two armed men, Carlos Nazario and Bryan Wittle (who did not know each other), gunned down a shooter Thursday at in Louie's Grill & Bar, Oklahoma City, killing Alexander C. Tilghman, an attacker who had struck three people inside the restaurant from a position outside the front door of the restaurant.[5]
  • Rockledge, FL, November 17, 2017 - Robert Lorenzo Bailey, Jr., armed with a handgun, allegedly began shooting in the parking lot of Schlenker Automotive in Rockledge,. The manager of the auto repair shop and an employee, both possessing valid CDW permits, exchanged gunfire with the shooter. One person was killed; one was wounded. The shooter, shot twice during the exchange, was held at gunpoint by the manager until law enforcement arrived and took him into custody.[6][4]
  • Sutherland Springs shooting - First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, TX, November 5, 2017 - Devin Patrick Kelley, 26, armed with a rifle, exited his vehicle and began shooting outside the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas. He then entered the church and continued shooting at members of the congregation. The shooter exited the church and was confronted by a citizen who possessed a valid firearms permit. The citizen shot the shooter twice, causing the shooter to drop his rifle and flee the scene in his vehicle. The armed citizen, together with the owner of a pickup truck, pursued the shooter. The chase ended when the shooter’s vehicle struck a road sign and overturned. Twenty-six people were killed; 20 were[4]
  • Clearlake Oaks, CA, October 23, 2017 - Alan Ashmore, armed with a shotgun and a handgun, allegedly began firing into several homes and a vehicle in Clearlake Oaks, California, killing two people, including his father, and wounding one. Another person was wounded while fleeing out of a residence window. The shooter then shot and wounded a responding law enforcement officer before fleeing in his vehicle. The shooter drove to a nearby gas station and exchanged gunfire with the attendant, who possessed a CDW permit. The shooter fled the scene in his vehicle and drove to another gas station where he fired more shots. The shooter then drove to a nearby winery and shot at some employees before surrendering to law enforcement officers after a short vehicle pursuit. The entire incident lasted about 30 minutes. Two people were killed; three were wounded (including one law enforcement officer and one person who sustained injuries incidental to the incident). The shooter was apprehended by law enforcement.[7] Note: The citizen involvement appears to be limited to the gas station. The shooter was thwarted at the station, but not stopped there.
  • Antioch, TN, September 24, 2017 - Emanuel Kidega Samson, armed with two handguns, allegedly began shooting in the parking lot of the Burnette Chapel Church of Christ in Antioch. After killing one person, the shooter entered the church and shot six people. A church usher who attempted to subdue the shooter was pistol-whipped. During the altercation, the shooter accidentally shot himself. While the shooter was preoccupied, the citizen, who possessed a valid firearms permit, retrieved a handgun from his car and held the shooter at gunpoint until law enforcement arrived. One person was killed; seven were wounded.[8]
  • Burnette Chapel Church of Christ - On September 24, 2017, at 11:15 a.m., Emanuel Kidega Samson, 25, armed with two handguns, allegedly began shooting in the parking lot of the Burnette Chapel Church of Christ in Antioch, Tennessee. After killing one person, the shooter entered the church and shot six people. A citizen who attempted to subdue the shooter was pistol-whipped. During the altercation, the shooter accidently shot himself. While the shooter was preoccupied, the citizen, who possessed a valid firearms permit, retrieved a handgun from his car and held the shooter at gunpoint until law enforcement arrived. One person was killed; seven were wounded. The shooter was apprehended by law enforcement.[4]
  • Zona Caliente Sports Bar, Arlington, TX, May 3, 2017 - James Jones walked inside the Zona Caliente Sports Bar, started yelling and then allegedly shot and killed Cesar Perez. An armed CDW permit holder then shot Jones. Police stated that Jones had another semiautomatic pistol with a filed-off serial number, and two knives on him.[9]
  • Townville SC, September 28, 2016 - Townville Elementary School playground, Jesse Dewitt Osborne, 14, armed with a handgun, allegedly began shooting at the Townville Elementary School playground. Prior to the shooting, the shooter, a former student, killed his father at their home. Two people were killed, including one student; three were wounded, one teacher and two students. A volunteer firefighter, who possessed a CDW permit, restrained the shooter until law enforcement officers arrived and apprehended him.[10]
  • Logan Square, Chicago - On April 17, 2015, an Uber driver shot Everardo Custodio, who firing into a crowd. The driver pulled out a handgun and fired six shots at Custodio, hitting him several times. Responding officers found Custodio lying on the ground, bleeding. No other injuries were reported.[11]
  • Falah Barber Shop, Philadelphia - March 22, 2015 - After unnamed gunman opened fire on customers and barbers at the barber shop following an argument, a legal gun permit carrier outside heard the gunfire, ran into the shop and took out his own gun. He then opened fire, striking the first gunman once in the chest. Philadelphia Police Captain Frank Llewellyn stated, "He responded and I guess he saved a lot of people in there."[12]
  • Fitzgerald Hospital, Media, PA - July 24, 2014 - Psychiatric patient Richard Plotts who killed his caseworker — and grazed his psychiatrist. The psychiatrist, Dr. Lee Silverman, fired back, stopping the gunman.[13]
  • Clackamas Mall Shooting - December 11, 2012, Clackamas Town Center, OR (Portland area) - Jacob Roberts shot two people and injured another before shooting himself. Nick Meli, with a CDW permit and carrying a Glock 22, confronted Roberts but did not fire because of a bystander in the line of fire. At that point Roberts retreated and committed suicide.[14] Note: It is unclear whether Roberts killed himself because he was confronted by Nick Mili.
  • Parker Middle School dance shooting - Edinboro, PA April 24, 1998 - At a school dance held at Nick’s Place banquet hall, Andrew Wurst murdered a science teacher, John Gillette, and wounded two classmates. The owner of the banquet hall confronted Wurst with a shotgun, and ordering Wurst to put his weapon down.[15][16] The dance theme was, "Had the Time of My Life".
  • Plymouth, Pa. - September 9, 2012 - William Allabaugh killed one man and wounded another following an argument over Allabaugh being ejected from a bar. Allabaugh then approached a bar manager and Mark Ktytor and reportedly pointed his gun at them; Ktytor, who had a concealed-carry license, then shot Allabaugh.[17]
  • Ocala, FA, July 13, 2012 - 71-­year-old man saved the lives of many at Palms Internet Cafe. When robbers entered the cafe with weapons, Samuel Williams pulled out his gun and scared off the suspects.[18][19]
  • Spartanburg, S.C. - March 25, 2012 - Jesse Gates went to his church armed with a shotgun and kicked in a door. But Aaron Guyton, who had a concealed-carry license, drew his gun and pointed it at Gates, and other parishioners then disarmed Gates.[20]
  • Atlanta - 2009 -Calvin Lavant and Jamal Hill broke into an apartment during a party and forced everyone to the floor. After they gathered various valuables, and separated the men and the women, and Lavant said to Hill, "we are about to have sex with these girls, then we are going to kill them all," and began "discussing condoms and the number of bullets in their guns." At that point, Sean Barner, a Marine who was attending Georgia State as part of the Marine Enlisted Commissioning Education Program, managed to get to the book bag he brought to the party; took out his gun; shot and scared away Hill; went into the neighboring room, where Lavant was about to rape one of the women; was shot at by Lavant, and shot back and hit Lavant, who then ran off and later died of his injuries. One of the women was shot and wounded in the shootout. The reporter estimates that it seemed very likely that Lavant and Hill would have killed (as well as raped) some or all of the partygoers had they not been stopped. Barner was a Marine, but was acting as a civilian, and carrying a gun as a civilian and had a CDW permit.[21]
  • Winnemucca, NV 2008 - Ernesto Villagomez was shot and killed by a patron with a CDW permit, after having killed two people and wounded two others in a bar filled with 300 people. The killings were apparently related to a family argument, so the shooter's intentions regarding other patrons were unclear.[21]
  • Arvada and New Life Church shootings - Arvada and Colorado Springs, CO, December 9, 2007 - On December 9, 2007, Matthew Murray killed two and injured two at Youth With a Mission training center in Arvada, Colorado. While police were trying to track Murry, Murry went to New Life Church in Colorado Springs, killing two and injured three. It is unclear whether Murry was carrying 1000 rounds of ammunition as a peace offering. At New Life Church volunteer security worker, Jeanne Assam ran toward the line of fire, killing the shooter.[19][22]
  • Pearl High, Pearl Mississippi - October 1, 1997 - Luke Woodham killed his mother by stabbing, and then proceeded to Pearl High School. He walked into Pearl High's commons, an enclosure created by the school's buildings. He then took a .30-.30 rifle from beneath his trench coat and opened fire, wounding seven schoolmates and killing two. He was subdued by assistant principal Joel Myrick, who pulled a .45-cal. pistol from his car and ordered the gunman to the ground. At that point, Woodham is reported to have said, "Mr. Myrick, I was the guy who gave you the discount on the pizza the other night."[23]

Canada

(none found)

France

Thalys train, Amsterdam to Paris, 21 August 2015 - Ayoub El Khazzani, armed with an AKM (Modernized Kalashnikov) rifle, with 270 rounds, and a pistol was subdued by Damien A., a French banker, Mark Moogalian (French, U.S.), Chris Norman (UK), Anthony Sadler (U.S.), Alek Skarlatos (U.S.), Oregon Army National Guard Specialist, and Spencer Stone (U.S.), USAF, and an off-duty French train driver. [24][25] Note: The people who stopped the terrorist were not armed (until the terrorist "loaned" them his gun), but the idea is that citizens did, in fact, stop the attacker without waiting for the police to arrive.

Incidents in which an armed security guard or designated security individual stopped an active shooter

  • Freeman High School - On September 13, 2017, at 10:00 a.m., Caleb Sharpe, 15, armed with a rifle and a pistol, allegedly began shooting at Freeman High School in Rockford, Washington, where he was a student. One student was killed; three students were wounded. A school employee confronted the shooter, ordered him to the ground, and held him there until law enforcement arrived and took him into custody.[4]
  • Gateway, CO, July 30, 2017 - Rick Whited, armed with a handgun, allegedly began shooting from his truck at passing cars along Highway 141 in Gateway, Colorado. No one was killed; no one was wounded. The shooter exchanged gunfire with two Gateway Canyons General Store security officers before fleeing the scene.[4]
  • Garland, Texas shooting (May 3, 2015) - In Garland, Texas, two gunmen opened fire outside of a Prophet Mohammed cartoon drawing contest in 2015 held by Pamela Geller at the Curtis Culwell Center, which was the venue of earlier jihadist conference. The two attackers were killed by police and security, preventing participants at the event from being killed. (May 3, 2015)[19] An undercover FBI agent who was investigating terrorism at the venue, but apparently did not participate in stopping the attack. Norman, Sadler, Skarlatos, and Stone were awarded Knights of the Legion of Honour (Chevaliers de la Légion d'honneur) by French president François Hollande.[26]
  • Moore, OK, September 24, 2014 - Alton Nolen was charged with first-degree murder in the gruesome beheading of a Vaughan Foods worker. His rampage was halted by Mark Vaughan, a reserve sheriff’s deputy and the company’s chief operating officer, who used his personal firearm to wound Nolen.[19]
  • Atlanta, January 31, 2013 - A shooter opened fire at Prince Middle School in Atlanta, Georgia. However, after wounding only one student, the suspect was disarmed by an armed guard who was stationed at the school.[27][19]
  • Colorado Springs Church shootings December 9, 2007 - Matthew Murray, killed two people early Sunday at a missionary training center near Denver and had killed two teenage sisters in the parking lot at New Life Church. New Life Church guard, Jeanne Assam shot Murray. The shooter politely assisted Jeanne Assam by shooting himself twice after being shot by Assam.[28]

Incidents in which a shooter is believed to have planned an attack but retreated as a result of the presence of armed citizens

These are naturally difficult to identify. Most reports are derived from confessions or investigations following an attack elsewhere.

United States

  • Pulse Nightclub Shooting (June 12, 2016), Omar Mir Seddique Mateen, 29, armed with a rifle and a handgun, began shooting patrons inside Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Florida. After a 3-hour delay,[29] a police SWAT team exchanged gunfire with the shooter, killing the shooter. On the night of the shooting, Mateen had originally targeted Disney Springs club, near Epcot Center at about 10 PM (June 11). Based on evidence presented during a trial of Marteen's wife (in which she was acquitted), prior to going to the Pulse Nightclub, Mateen abandoned the Disney Springs attack when several uniformed police officers were at the location. Marteen then proceeded to EVE Orlando club at 12:55 AM (June 12), but left six minutes later in the face of "heavy police presence". He then used his phone to search "downtown orlando nightclubs", and proceeded to arrive at Pulse at 1:37 AM.[30] At the time, the Pulse Nightclub Shooting was widely described as targeting homosexuals, but at least initially, Marteen did not realize his target was a gay bar, as he is reported to have asked a security guard at the club where all the women were just before he started shooting.[31]
  • Multiple Locations in Clearlake Oaks, California - On October 23, 2017, at 11:23 a.m., Alan Ashmore, 61, armed with a shotgun and a handgun, allegedly began firing into several homes and a vehicle in Clearlake Oaks, California, killing two people, including his father, and wounding one. Another person was wounded while fleeing out of a residence window. The shooter then shot and wounded a responding law enforcement officer before fleeing in his vehicle. The shooter drove to a nearby gas station and exchanged gunfire with the vendor, who possessed a valid firearms permit. The shooter fled the scene in his vehicle and drove to another gas station where he fired more shots. The shooter then drove to a nearby winery and shot at some employees before surrendering to law enforcement officers after a short vehicle pursuit. The entire incident lasted about 30 minutes. Two people were killed; three were wounded (including one law enforcement officer and one person who sustained injuries incidental to the incident). The shooter was apprehended by law enforcement.[4] Of note, the gas station attendant was unable to stop the shooter, but the shooter fled the scene, which is why this incident is cited here.

Canada

(none found)

Israel

Israeli civilian communities in the "West Bank" territories (Judea and Samaria) are known to include armed civilians. Terrorists rarely attempt to infiltrate these communities.

Incidents involving fewer than three potential victims

(This section also includes incidents in which the armed attacker's intent was not clear; e.g., the interruption of an armed robbery.)

  • Blanchard, OK, Dec. 31, 2011 - Sarah McKinley, an 18-year­old mother saved the life of herself and her baby in Blanchard. There, a knife-wielding intruder was attempting to enter Sarah McKinley's mobile home shortly after her husband died of lung cancer in 2012. After breaking in, McKinley used a shotgun to stop the intruders, killing one suspect and scaring the other intruder off.[32]
  • A 69­-year-­old grandmother protected herself and her home in Alabama in 2010. After hearing a burglar break into her house, Ethel Jones fired three shots, wounding and scaring off the intruder, who was later arrested by police.[19]
  • In 2012, a 14-­year-­old boy saved himself and his younger siblings after an armed intruder entered their home. After breaking into the home and pointing a gun at the 14, 12, and 8-year-olds, the 14-­year-­old fired, placing the intruder in the hospital and saving his family.[19]
  • A pregnant mother of two saved herself and her children after two intruders entered her home in Ashtabula, Ohio. After refusing to let the two intruders in, they broke down her back door. As they proceeded up her stairs, the shot at them, hitting one intruder and scaring them both off until police arrived.[19]
  • A would­-be robber was shot in 2006 by an employee at Media Madhouse in Indiana. After the suspect entered the building holding a gun on an employee and demanding money, a second employee jumped into action and shot the suspect, saving both employees and customers.[19]
  • 72-­year-­old Jan Cooper saved her life and the life of her 85-­year-­old World War II veteran husband, who is confined to a wheelchair. In 2013, a man was breaking into the Cooper's Southern California home, when the grandmother fired one shot from her .357 ­Magnum Smith and Wesson revolver, which scared the burglar off.[19]

See also

References

  1. New FBI Data on Active Shooters Shows the Importance of Armed Citizens, National Review May 25, 2018
  2. (definition in Wikipedia)
  3. The Volokh Conspiracy articls reason.com/volokh/2018/05/14/civilians-with-guns-intervening-in-activ, describing claims of "a lucky break"
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 Active Shooter Incidents in the United States in 2016 and 2017, report, US Dept. of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation (.pdf)
  5. Armed bystanders kill shooter at Oklahoma City restaurant, CNN May 25, 2018
  6. Schlenker’s Automotive Suspected Shooter Robert Bailey Indicted By Brevard Grand Jury On First-Degree Murder Charge Space Coast Daily, December 19, 2017
  7. abcnews.go.com, October 24, 2017
  8. Nashville church usher praised for confronting accused gunman in deadly shooting, CBS News, September 25, 2017
  9. 'Good Samaritan' Kills Active Shooter in Texas Sports Bar: Police, NBC News, May 4, 2017
  10. www.wyff4.com, Sep 30, 2016
  11. [http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/ct-uber-driver-shoots-gunman-met-0420-20150419-story.html Chicago Tribune story, April 20, 2015
  12. NBC News, Philadelphia, Mar 22, 2015
  13. Fox News July 26, 2014, citing Associated Press
  14. Clackamas Town Center shooting: 22 minutes of chaos and terror as a gunman meanders through the mall, Oregonlive - The Oregonian, December 15, 2012
  15. Andrew Wurst, Criminal Justice Research
  16. Warning signs ignored, The Journal Times, Apr 27, 1998
  17. The Citizen's Voice September 10, 2012
  18. [https://abcnews.go.com/US/florida-man-71-shoots-alleged-robbers-internet-cafe/story?id=16800859 ABC News, July 18, 2012
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.6 19.7 19.8 19.9 11 times a good guy with a gun stopped a bad guy, saving lives, Washington Times slideshow listicle
  20. Fox Carolina March 25, 2012
  21. 21.0 21.1 Washington Post The Volokh Conspiracy October 3, 2015, Eugene Volokh
  22. "Denver 7" Dec 10, 2007
  23. Mississippi Gothic, Time (time.com), June 24, 2001
  24. 2 members of U.S. military stop Islamist attacker on train in BelgiumCNN, January 8, 2018
  25. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2015_Thalys_train_attack&oldid=834187563 Wikipedia article on Thalys train attack]
  26. Records: Undercover FBI agent was at Garland, Texas, attack azcentral.com (feb. 10, 2017)
  27. https://www.cnn.com/2013/01/31/us/georgia-student-shot/index.html CNN, February 1, 2013]
  28. New York Times December 12, 2007
  29. Investigative Update Regarding Pulse Nightclub Shooting, fbi.gov, June 20, 2016
  30. Pulse shooter visited Disney, another club in hours before attack, widow's defense says, Orlando Sentinal (March 5, 2018)
  31. New evidence shows the Pulse nightclub shooting wasn’t about anti-LGBTQ hate, Vox article, Apr 5, 2018
  32. Teen widow who shot dead home invader who 'wanted her late 58-year-old husband's meds' WON'T face charges, Daily Mail, 6 January 2012.