Difference between revisions of "Atheists and the endurance of religion"

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[[File:Jacques Berlinerblau.jpg|thumbnail|250px|right|In 2011, atheist [[Jacques Berlinerblau]] declared: "The Golden Age of [[Secularism]] has passed."<ref>Berlinerblau, Jacques (February 4, 2011).  [http://chronicle.com/blogs/brainstorm/obama-at-the-national-prayer-breakfast-raging-christ-fest-secular-wake/31816 "Obama at the National Prayer Breakfast"]. The Chronicle of Higher Education/Brainstorm blog. Retrieved on May 29, 2015.</ref>]]
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More conservatives are abandoning the republican party.. there are more registered dems than republicans but ANYWAYS...
Since the 1770s, there has been an ideological conflict between the [[atheism]] and [[Christianity|Christianity]] in the [[Western World]] (see: [[Atheism vs. Christianity]] and [[History of Atheism|History of atheism]]).
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Due to various historical events/trends, the [[atheist movement]] saw a number of setbacks during the latter portion of the 20th century and beyond (which is are covered below). As a result, it has lost a considerable amount of confidence.<ref>[http://www.sneps.net/uploadsepk/JQR%20Demography.pdf Shall the religious inherit the earth? - Eric Kaufmann]</ref>
 
  
[[Eric Kaufmann]], an [[agnosticism|agnostic]] professor whose academic research specialty is how demographic changes affect religion/irreligion and politics, wrote in 2010: "Worldwide, the [[Desecularization|march of religion]] can probably only be reversed by a renewed, self-aware secularism. Today, it appears exhausted and lacking in confidence..."<ref>[http://www.sneps.net/uploadsepk/JQR%20Demography.pdf Shall the religious inherit the earth? - Eric Kaufmann]</ref>
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The mission:
  
In 2011, atheist [[Jacques Berlinerblau]] declared: "The Golden Age of [[Secularism]] has passed."<ref>Berlinerblau, Jacques (February 4, 2011).  [http://chronicle.com/blogs/brainstorm/obama-at-the-national-prayer-breakfast-raging-christ-fest-secular-wake/31816 "Obama at the National Prayer Breakfast"].  The Chronicle of Higher Education/Brainstorm blog.  Retrieved on May 29, 2015.</ref>
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- infiltrate this shit wiki by overwhelming it with vandals
  
In 2015, the atheist author Joshua Kelly wrote:
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- lower morale so that even the parodists here are sick of it.
{{cquote|...since the death of [[Christopher Hitchens|Hitchens]]: angry atheism lost its most charismatic champion.  Call it what you like: [[New Atheism]], fire-brand atheism, etc., had a surge with the Four Horsemen in the middle of the last decade and in the last four years has generally peetered out to a kind that is more docile, [[Political correctness|politically correct]], and even apologetic.<ref>[http://www.patheos.com/blogs/danthropology/2015/12/uproar-against-dawkins-is-sign-of-new-atheism-retrogression/ Uproar Against Dawkins Is Sign of New Atheism Retrogression] by Joshua Kelly</ref>}}
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[[File:Edward Tabash 2013.jpg|thumbnail|left|190px|[[Eddie Tabash]]
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<small>(photo obtained from [http://www.flickr.com/photos/reuvenim/4426093513/ Wikimedia Commons], see [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en  license agreement])</small>]]
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The American atheist activist [[Eddie Tabash]] said at the 2010 Michigan Atheists State Convention:
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{{Cquote|In every generation there has been a promising beginning of a true vanguard movement that will finally achieve widespread public acceptance for nonbelief. Yet, in each generation there has been an ultimately disappointing failure to actually register the [[Naturalism (philosophy)|naturalistic alternative]] to supernatural claims in the public consciousness...
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Now given the confounding extent to which religion is entrenched in our society, it could take a minimum of 100 years of sustained, intense effort to even begin to cut into the current monolithic stranglehold that religion has on American mass culture,
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- Continue until Andrew Schlafly and Ken Demyer and Karajoo die off like TK did.
<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iix6OjLH6aM Atheists Speak Up - Eddie Tabash]</ref>}}
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The likelihood that the [[American atheism|American atheist population]] will engage in 100 years of sustained, intense atheist activism is remote (see: [[Atheism and apathy]] and [[Views on atheists]] and [[American atheism#Demographics and trends in American secularism|Demographics and trends in American secularism]]).
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- Liberate freedom and reality under a new leader.
 
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Also, a 100 year sustained and intense effort of atheist activism would require a high degree of cohesiveness and cooperation among atheists. Tabash said in a speech to the Michigan Atheists State Convention, "Since we are a bit of a cantankerous, opinionated lot...".<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ld9Rfw5HUs Atheists Speak Up - Eddie Tabash - Part 2 of 4]</ref> See also: [[Atheist factions]] and [[Atheism and social/interpersonal intelligence|Atheism and social skills]]
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Tabash said in a 2007 speech to the Atheist Alliance International organization:
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{{Cquote|The other likely future is one in which by a shift of only one vote on the United States Supreme Court, we will essentially become a [[theocracy]] in which all branches of government we be freed to favor [[religion]] collectively over nonbelief.<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7u1S3C5yWjc Eddie Tabash: Speech and Q&A at AAI 07]</ref>}}
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''The Telegraph'' reported on December 19, 2012:
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{{Cquote|The notice, apparently issued in May 2011 by the General Office of the Central Committee of the [[Communism|Communist]] Party of China, suggests ongoing misgivings among senior leaders that religion, and in particular Christianity, poses a direct challenge to the ruling party.
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Bob Fu, the founder of ChinaAid, the group which obtained and published the document, said the directive was proof China's central government was "directing a national crackdown against religious freedom especially targeting Christianity [in universities]".
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Mr Fu claimed the document also indicated "panic" among Chinese intellectuals about the "rapid" growth of [China's] underground Christian population".
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An official from the propaganda department of the State Council said they were unable to immediately comment on whether the document was genuine. But posts on the websites of several Chinese universities appear to confirm the leaked document's existence....
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Yet despite government controls, the number of Christians in China has rocketed since the 1980s with many worshipping in illegal "house churches" which are subject to sporadic crackdowns. Some estimates suggest there are now as many as 130 million practicing Christians in China.<ref>[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/9756093/Chinese-universities-urged-to-fight-back-against-foreign-religion.html Chinese universities urged to fight back against foreign religion[, ''The Telegraph'', 2012</ref>}}
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On November 1, 2014, an article in ''The Economist'' entitled ''Cracks in the atheist edifice'' declared:
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{{cquote|Officials are untroubled by the clash between the city’s famously freewheeling capitalism and the [[Communism|Communist]] Party’s ideology, yet still see religion and its symbols as affronts to the party’s [[atheism]]...
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Yang Fenggang of Purdue University, in Indiana, says the Christian church in China has grown by an average of 10% a year since 1980. He reckons that on current trends there will be 250m Christians by around 2030, making China’s Christian population the largest in the world. Mr. Yang says this speed of growth is similar to that seen in fourth-century Rome just before the conversion of [[Constantine]], which paved the way for Christianity to become the religion of his empire.<ref>[http://www.economist.com/news/briefing/21629218-rapid-spread-christianity-forcing-official-rethink-religion-cracks ''Cracks in the atheist edifice''], ''The Economist'', November 1, 2014</ref>}}
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== Atheism and the rise and fall of the Soviet Union ==
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According to the [[University of Cambridge]], historically, the "most notable spread of atheism was achieved through the success of the 1917 [[Russian Revolution]], which brought the [[Marxism-Leninism|Marxist-Leninists]] to power."<ref name="Marxism-Leninism">{{cite web|url=http://web.archive.org/web/20130728215151/http://www.investigatingatheism.info/marxism.html|title="Investigating atheism: Marxism"|publisher = [[University of Cambridge]]|quote=The most notable spread of atheism was achieved through the success of the 1917 Russian Revolution, which brought the Marxist-Leninists to power. For the first time in history, atheism thus became the official ideology of a state.|year=2008|accessdate=July 17, 2014|}}</ref> See also: [[Atheism and communism]]
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The [[Soviet Union]] existed from 1922 to 1991 before it collapsed and a resurgence of [[Russia]]n religiosity followed (See: [[Collapse of atheism in the former Soviet Union]]).
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== Atheism and 20th century wars ==
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[[File:WWImontage.jpg|thumbnail|200px|right|[[Secular left]]ist [[utopia]]nism and its exalted view of human nature did not line up with the horrors of the [[World War I]].
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The Golden Age of Freethought ended at the start of World War I.]] 
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The [[Golden Age of Freethought]] describes the 19th-century United States socio-political movement which promoted [[Freethinker|freethought]]/atheism/agnosticism.  The period from 1875 to 1914 is referred to as "the high-water mark of freethought as an influential movement in American society".<ref>Jacoby, Susan. ''Freethinkers: A History of American Secularism''. New York, NY: Metropolitan Books, p. 151</ref>
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Politically, the atheist movement has leaned left in its politics (See: [[Secular left]] and [[Atheism and politics]]).  Secular leftist [[utopia]]nism and its exalted view of human nature did not line up with the horrors of the [[World War I]]. The Golden Age of Freethought ended at the start of [[World War I]]. In addition, atheism is negatively correlated with economic/political instability.<ref>[http://questionevolution.blogspot.com/2013/05/economics-and-darwinismatheism.html Economics and atheism]</ref>
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The Christian view of the [[fall of man]] better explained the horrors of WWI and WWII.  Furthermore, [[Christian apologetics|Christian apologists]] point out that atheistic evolutionism contributed to the start of WWI (See: [[World War I and Darwinism]]). See also: [[Evolutionary racism|Evolutionary racism and Nazi Germany]].
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The [[Cold War]] between the United States and the Soviet Union further chilled Americans receptiveness to atheism.
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== 1970s Jesus Movement and Christian revivals ==
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''See also:'' [[Atheism has a lower retention rate compared to other worldviews]]
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Reverend Dwight Longenecker wrote: "In the late eighteenth century [[atheism]], [[rationalism]] and Freemasonry seemed to have taken over [[Europe]]. By the mid to late nineteenth century religious revival had swept through Europe and Christianity was surging forward."<ref>[http://www.patheos.com/blogs/standingonmyhead/2015/04/the-facts-atheism-is-dying-out.html The Facts: Atheism is Dying Out], by Rev. Dwight Longenecker, April 8, 2015</ref>
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In the [[United States]], there were a series of Christian revivals/awakenings between 1730 and the 1970s (see: [[First Great Awakening]] and [[Second Great Awakening]] and [[Third Great Awakening]] and [[Fourth Great Awakening]] and [[Jesus Movement]]).
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== Rapid growth of Christianity in Communist China ==
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See: [[Growth of Christianity in China|Rapid growth of Christianity in Communist China]]
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== Global resurgence of religion and lower confidence of secularists ==
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''See also:'' [[Desecularization]] and [[Growth of global desecularization]]
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[[File:Earth seen from space.jpg|thumbnail|left|200px|Scholars of religious demographics frequently use the term the "global resurgence of religion" to describe the process of [[desecularization|global desecularization]] which began in the late portion of the 20th century.<ref>[http://www.tomorrowsworld.org/magazines/2005/november-december/the-return-of-religion The return of religion]</ref>]]
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Scholars of religious demographics frequently use the term the "global resurgence of religion" to describe the process of [[desecularization]] which began in the late portion of the 20th century.<ref>[http://www.tomorrowsworld.org/magazines/2005/november-december/the-return-of-religion The return of religion]</ref> Desecularization is a trend that is expected to grow in the 21st century and there are a number of forces promoting its growth (see: [[Growth of global desecularization]]).
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On July 24, 2013, ''CNS News'' reported:
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{{cquote|[[Atheism]] is in [[Global atheism|decline worldwide]], with the number of atheists falling from 4.5% of the world’s population in 1970 to 2.0% in 2010 and projected to drop to 1.8% by 2020, according to a new report by the Center for the Study of Global Christianity at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in South Hamilton, Mass."<ref>http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/global-study-atheists-decline-only-18-world-population-2020 Global Study: Atheists in Decline, Only 1.8% of World Population by 2020]</ref>}}
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The [[agnosticism|agnostic]] [[Eric Kaufmann]] is a professor of politics at Birkbeck, University of London and author.  As noted above, his academic research specialty is how [[demography|demographic]] changes affect religion/irreligion and politics.
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As alluded to above, Kaufmann wrote in 2010:
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{{cquote|Worldwide, the [[Desecularization|march of religion]] can probably only be reversed by a renewed, self-aware secularism. Today, it appears exhausted and lacking in confidence... Secularism's greatest triumphs owe less to science than to popular social movements like nationalism, [[socialism]] and 1960s anarchist-[[liberalism]]. Ironically, secularism's demographic deficit means that it will probably only succeed in the twenty-first century if it can create a secular form of 'religious' enthusiasm." <ref>[http://www.sneps.net/uploadsepk/JQR%20Demography.pdf Shall the religious inherit the earth? - Eric Kaufmann]</ref>}}
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In 2012, Eric Kaufmann indicated:
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{{cquote|I argue that 97% of the world's population growth is taking place in the developing world, where 95% of people are religious.
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On the other hand, the secular West and East Asia has very low fertility and a rapidly aging population... In the coming decades, the developed world's demand for workers to pay its pensions and work in its service sector will soar alongside the booming supply of young people in the third world. Ergo, we can expect significant immigration to the secular West which will import religious revival on the back of ethnic change. In addition, those with religious beliefs tend to have higher birth rates than the secular population, with fundamentalists having far larger families. The epicentre of these trends will be in immigration gateway cities like New York (a third white), Amsterdam (half Dutch), Los Angeles (28% white), and London, 45% white British.
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<ref>[http://questionevolution.blogspot.com/2013/04/97-of-worlds-population-growth-is.html 97% of the world's population growth is taking place in the developing world, where 95% of people are religious], Tuesday, April 30, 2013</ref>}}
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Kaufmann told a secular audience in Australia: "The trends that are happening worldwide inevitably in an age of globalization are going to affect us."<ref>[http://fora.tv/2010/09/05/Eric_Kaufmann_Shall_the_Religious_Inherit_the_Earth Shall the religious inherit the earth]</ref>
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== Atheist PZ Myers on the future of atheism and its current demographics  ==
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''See also:''  [[Atheist nerds]] and [[Atheism and women]] and [[Western atheism and race]]
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In 2013, atheist [[PZ Myers]] declared:
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[[File:PZ Myers at Skepticon 7.jpg|thumbnail|200px|right|[[PZ Myers]]]]
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{{cquote|If we're going to expand our base and we're going to draw in more people to recognize the virtues of living in a secular world, we need to appeal to more than just that geek and [[nerd]] subset of the population. We need to have a wider base.  ...I seriously believe that we're on the cusp of a crisis. We're not there yet but it's looming in front of us. Will we adapt and thrive and change the world? Or will we remain an avocation for a prosperous and largely irrelevant subset of the population? Will we become something more than a scattered society of internet nerds? That's what we have to do.<ref>[http://www.evolutionnews.org/2013/04/in_seattle_pz_m070861.html in Seattle, PZ Myers Reflects Candidly on His Constituency]</ref>}}
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In response, ''Evolution News and Views'' wrote:
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{{cquote|A crisis looms, in Myers's view, because he looks around himself and sees a not very promising basis for a mass movement. He's right. There is indeed a quality of geeky isolation from reality, common sense, and the fullness of life that I see as a motif in atheist and Darwin activism alike.<ref>[http://www.evolutionnews.org/2013/04/in_seattle_pz_m070861.html in Seattle, PZ Myers Reflects Candidly on His Constituency]</ref>}}
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=== Atheism and women ===
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Surveys throughout the world and other data indicate that women are less inclined to be [[atheism|atheists]] (see: [[Atheism and women]])<ref>Khan, Razib (November 18, 2010).  [http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/gnxp/2010/11/sex-differences-in-global-atheism-part-n/ "Gene expression; Sex differences in global atheism, part N"].  Discover magazine website.
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*Carter, Stephen L. (March 27, 2015).  [http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2015-03-27/the-atheism-gap "The atheism gap"].  ''BloombergView''.
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*[http://blog.oup.com/2014/09/atheism-feminism/#sthash.0yIBbelF.dpuf Atheism and Feminism], ''Oxford University Press'' blog</ref>
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<ref name="PZ">Myers, P.Z. (June 29, 2010).  [http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2010/06/29/the-woman-problem/ "The woman problem"]. Pharyngula [blog].</ref>
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=== Western atheism and race ===
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''See also:'' [[Western atheism and race]]
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In 2015, ''BloombergView'' reported concerning the [[United States]]:
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{{cquote|According to a much-discussed 2012 report from the Pew Research Center on Religion and Public Life, only 3 percent of U.S. atheists and agnostics are black, 6 percent are Hispanic, and 4 percent are Asian. Some 82 percent are white. (The relevant figures for the population at large at the time of the survey were 66 percent white, 11 percent black, 15 percent Hispanic, 5 percent Asian.)
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...Craig Keener, in his huge review of claims of miracles in a wide variety of cultures, concludes that routine rejection of the possibility of the [[supernatural]] represents an impulse that is [[Secular Europe|deeply Eurocentric]].<ref>[http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2015-03-27/the-atheism-gap The Atheism Gap] By Stephen L. Carter, ''BloombergView'', Mar 27, 2015 4:26 PM EDT</ref>}}
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== Atheism movement and increased division ==
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[[File:Sam Harris 01.jpg|thumbnail|250px|right|[[Sam Harris]], one of the founders of the [[New Atheism]] movement, said concerning the label of atheist, "It's right next to child molester as a designation."<ref name="Harris">Roberts, Jessica, et al. (June 19, 2007).  [http://news21.com/story/2007/06/19/interview_with_an_atheist "Interview with an atheist"].  News21.  Retrieved on July 30, 2014.</ref>]]
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''See also:'' [[Atheist factions]]
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Dr. J. Gordon Melton said about the [[atheist movement]] (organized atheism) that [[atheism]] is not a movement which tends to create community, but in the last few years there has been some growth of organized atheism.<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P0i4kuN9XSc Baylor ISR- J. Gordon Melton - End of Religion? (May 5, 2015)]</ref> See also: [[Atheist factions]]
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Most atheists are apathetic when it comes to sharing atheism with others - especially when compared to evangelistic religions such as [[Christianity]] (see: [[Atheism and apathy]]). 
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One of the reasons why many atheists are reluctant to share their atheist views with others is that many theists have a very low opinion of atheists (see: [[Views on atheists]]). [[Sam Harris]], one of the founders of the New Atheism movement, said concerning the label of atheist, "It's right next to child molester as a designation."<ref name="Harris">Roberts, Jessica, et al. (June 19, 2007).  [http://news21.com/story/2007/06/19/interview_with_an_atheist "Interview with an atheist"].  News21.  Retrieved on July 30, 2014.</ref>
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=== Atheist factions and increased division among atheists ===
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''See also:'' [[Atheist factions]]
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Post [[Richard Dawkins]]' [[Elevatorgate]] controversy, which occurred in 2011, there has been increased dissension among atheists (see: [[Atheist factions]]).
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== Christian apologetics and low atheist morale ==
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''See also:'' [[Atheism debates]] and [[Atheism and cowardice]]
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[[File:Richard Dawkins at Global Atheism Convention.jpg|alt=Richard Dawkins|thumbnail|200px|right|The [[Oxford University]] Professor [[Daniel Came]] wrote to the New Atheist [[Richard Dawkins]]:: "The absence of a debate with the foremost [[Christian apologetics|apologist]] for [[Christianity|Christian]] [[theism]] is a glaring omission on your [[Curriculum vitae|CV]] and is of course apt to be interpreted as cowardice on your part."<ref>[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/religion/8511931/Richard-Dawkins-accused-of-cowardice-for-refusing-to-debate-existence-of-God.html Richard Dawkins accused of cowardice for refusing to debate existence of God], ''[[The Daily Telegraph]]'', May 14, 2011</ref>  ]]
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[[Christian apologetics]] is the defense of the [[Christianity|Christian]] faith through logic/evidence based arguments.
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In recent years, there have been a number of notable incidents where prominent atheists have dodged debate offers from Christian apologists (see: [[Atheism and cowardice]]).
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In June of 2012, the UK based Dorsett Humanists wrote:
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{{Cquote|There’s been a forceful backlash against the ‘[[New Atheism|new atheism]]’ of writers like [[Richard Dawkins]] and the late [[Christopher Hitchens]], inspiring a new wave of Christian apologists. This group includes: [[Alister McGrath]], Professor of Theology at King’s College London, Keith Ward, former Professor of Divinity at Oxford, and John Lennox, Professor of Mathematics at the University of Oxford.
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Many atheists make the mistake of assuming religion is wholly irrational, relying on faith alone but, in a series of interviews recorded for DVD, the apologetics heavyweights from the list above demonstrate their ability to challenge us with reasoned arguments.<ref>[http://dorset-humanists1.blogspot.com/2012/06/philosophy-science-and-god-debate.html Philosophy, Science and the God Debate]</ref>}}
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An April 17, 2011 atheist essay entitled ''Are atheists strengthening religion?'' declared:
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{{Cquote|The Christian backlash and response to new atheism is/was considerable, and neither can the consequences, changes, and foci which marked their response be ignored.
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In the end, have we simply made the aforementioned goal more difficult to accomplish?<ref>[http://atheistnexus.org/forum/topics/are-atheists-strengthening?commentId=2182797%3AComment%3A1214493 Are Atheists Strengthening Religion?]</ref>}}
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=== Philosophy of religion and Christian apologetics ===
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[[Image:Bahnsen.jpg‎|thumb|170px|Dr. [[Greg Bahnsen]] became known as "the man [[atheism|atheists]] fear most" due to [[Michael Martin]]'s cancellation of their scheduled debate.<ref>[http://www.frame-poythress.org/frame_articles/Bahnsen.htm Bahsen at the Stein debate] by John Frame</ref><ref>[http://simpleapologetics.com/thegreatdebate.html The Great Debate: Greg Bahnsen vs Gordon Stein]</ref>]]
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''See also:'' [[Rebuttals to atheist arguments]]
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The majority of philosophers of religion, or those who have extensively studied the issue of the [[Arguments for the existence of God|existence of God]], are [[theism|theists]] (72 percent).<ref>[http://www.strangenotions.com/atheist-scientists/ Does it matter that many scientists are atheists?]</ref>
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In 1990, the [[atheism|atheist]] philosopher [[Michael Martin]] indicated there was a general [[Atheism and apathy|absence of an atheistic response]] to contemporary work in the [[philosophy]] of religion and in jest he indicated that it was his "cross to bear" to respond to [[theism|theistic]] arguments.<ref>''Open Questions: Diverse Thinkers Discuss God, Religion, and Faith'' by Luís F. Rodrigues, page 201</ref>  Yet, in 1994, Michael Martin was criticized for his eleventh hour cancellation of his debate with [[Greg Bahnsen]] (see: [[Greg Bahnsen and debate]] and [[Press release after Michael Martin pulled out of Martin-Bahnsen debate|Bahnson-Martin debate press release]]).<ref>[http://simpleapologetics.com/thegreatdebate.html The Great Debate: Greg Bahnsen vs Gordon Stein]</ref><ref>[http://www.frame-poythress.org/frame_articles/Bahnsen.htm Bahsen at the Stein debate] by John Frame</ref>
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In 2001, the atheist and [[Philosophy|philosopher]] Quentin Smith declared:
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{{cquote|[[Naturalism|Naturalists]] [atheists] passively watched as realist versions of [[theism]] … began to sweep through the philosophical community, until today perhaps one-quarter or one-third of philosophy professors are theists, with most being orthodox Christians…. God is not 'dead' in academia; he returned to life in the 1960's and is now alive and well in his last academic stronghold, philosophy departments."<ref>Craig, William Lane (2012).[http://www.reasonablefaith.org/theistic-critiques-of-atheism "Theistic critiques of atheism"].  Reasonable Faith.  Retrieved on July 26, 2014.  Unabridged version of article published 2007.  See [[William Lane Craig]].</ref>}}
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In 2004, Professor [[Alister McGrath]], professor of historical theology at Wycliffe Hall, [[Oxford University]] declared, "The golden age of atheism is over."<ref>Stewart, Marilyn (August 10, 2004).  [http://www.sbcbaptistpress.org/bpnews.asp?ID=18837 "Nobts’ Oxford Study Program spans notable lectures & historical sites"].  Baptist Press.  Retrieved on July 26, 2014.</ref>
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The situation has become even worse for atheist community in recent years as the quality of their arguments has diminished and the percentage of atheists in the world [[Global atheism|is decreasing]], while the proliferation of [[Christian apologetics]]/apologists is increasing in the world.  For example, there is the [[Trinity Graduate School of Apologetics and Theology]] initiative which offers quality Christian apologetics for free to third world country students and charges extremely low costs for others. In addition, [[Ratio Christi]] is launching Christian apologetics clubs at college/university campuses.
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== Christianity vs. atheism statistics ==
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''See also:'' [[Christianity vs. atheism statistics]] and [[Atheism vs. Christianity]]
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In recent years, [[social science|social scientists]] have been researching the benefits of religion upon societies and have found many favorable results. In addition, there has been an examination of the effects of atheism upon societies.
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[[File:Alister McGrath.jpg|right|thumb|155px|[[Alister McGrath]] ]]
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This research has often buoyed the morale of Christians and other [[theism|theists]]. For example, [[Oxford]] Professor [[Alister McGrath]], author of the book ''The Twilight of Atheism'', said regarding Freud:
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{{cquote|One of the most important criticisms that Sigmund Freud directed against religion was that it encourages unhealthy and dysfunctional outlooks on life. Having dismissed religion as an illusion, Freud went on to argue that it is a negative factor in personal development. At times, Freud's influence has been such that the elimination of a person's religious beliefs has been seen as a precondition for mental health.
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Freud is now a fallen idol, the fall having been all the heavier for its postponement. There is now growing awareness of the importance of spirituality in health care, both as a positive factor in relation to well-being and as an issue to which patients have a right. The "Spirituality and Healing in Medicine" conference sponsored by [[Harvard]] Medical School in 1998 brought reports that 86 percent of Americans as a whole, 99 percent of family physicians, and 94 percent of HMO professionals believe that prayer, meditation, and other spiritual and religious practices exercise a major positive role within the healing process.<ref name="christtoday">http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2005/march/21.36.html</ref>}}
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=== Christianity vs. atheism statistics resources ===
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Below are some resources related to the effects of [[Christianity]] and [[atheism]] on individuals and societies.
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*[[Atheism statistics]] (Negative effects on individuals and societies)
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*[[Christianity statistics]] (Positive effects on individuals and societies)
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*[[Atheism and health]]
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(In addition, statistics are given on the growth of [[global Christianity]] and the [[Global atheism|decline of atheism]] as a percentage of the world's population).
+
 
+
== Growth of global creationism and creation apologetics ==
+
 
+
''See also:'' [[Evolution]] and [[Evolution as a secular origins myth]] and [[Atheism and science]]
+
[[File:View from Levering Plaza.jpg|thumbnail|left|200px|Johns Hopkins University Press reported in 2014: "Over the past forty years, [[creationism]] has spread swiftly among European Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Hindus, and Muslims, even as anti-creationists sought to smother its flames."
+
<br /><br />
+
<small>Picture above was taken at Johns Hopkins University</small>]]
+
Since [[World War II]] a majority of the most prominent and vocal defenders of the [[evolution]]ary position which employs [[methodological naturalism]] have been [[Atheism|atheists]] and [[agnosticism|agnostics]].<ref>
+
* Dr. Don Batten, [http://creation.com/a-whos-who-of-evolutionists A ''Who’s Who'' of evolutionists] ''Creation'' 20(1):32, December 1997.
+
* [[Jonathan Sarfati]], Ph.D.,F.M., [http://www.creation.com/content/view/3830 ''Refuting Evolution'', Chapter 1, Facts and Bias]
+
</ref> The atheist philosopher of science [[Michael Ruse]] said "[[Evolution]] is a religion. This was true of evolution in the beginning, and it is true of evolution still today."<ref>Ruse, M., How evolution became a religion: creationists correct? National Post, pp. B1,B3,B7 May 13, 2000.</ref> 
+
 
+
For more information, see:
+
 
+
*[[Evolution|Problems with evolutionary position]]
+
 
+
* [[Evolution and Cases of Fraud, Hoaxes and Speculation]]
+
 
+
*[[Suppression of alternatives to evolution]]
+
 
+
[[Creationism]] is growing globally and in Europe (see: [[Global creationism]]).
+
 
+
[[Johns Hopkins University]] Press reported in 2014: "Over the past forty years, [[creationism]] has spread swiftly among European Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Hindus, and Muslims, even as anti-creationists sought to smother its flames."<ref>[http://questionevolution.blogspot.com/2015/03/johns-hopkins-university-press-reported.html Creationism spreading in Europe]</ref> See also: [[Evolutionary indoctrination]]
+
 
+
=== The universe had a beginning ===
+
 
+
''See also:'' [[Atheism and the origin of the universe]]
+
 
+
[[Fred Hoyle]], Thomas Gold, and Hermann Bondi developed the [[steady state theory]], which appealed to atheist cosmologists because it avoided a [[creation]] event and the religious implications associated with one.
+
 
+
However, the evidence points to a universe which had a [[supernatural]] beginning (see: [[Atheism and the origin of the universe]]).
+
 
+
=== Creation scientists tend to win the creation-evolution debates===
+
[[File:Safarti3.jpg|alt=evolutionary theory opponent|thumb|200px|right|[[Jonathan Sarfati]] is a scientists on the staff of [[Creation Ministries International]]. ]]
+
''See also:'' [[Creation scientists tend to win the creation vs. evolution debates]]
+
 
+
In 2010, the worldwide atheist community was challenged to a debate by [[Creation Ministries International]] as prominent atheists were speaking at a 2010 global atheist convention in [[Australia]].<ref name="truefree">Ammi, Ken (May 2010). [http://www.truefreethinker.com/articles/richard-dawkins-cowardly-clown "Richard Dawkins the cowardly clown"].  True Freethinker.  Retrieved on July 30, 2014.</ref> [[Richard Dawkins]], [[PZ Myers]] and other prominent atheists refused to debate Creation Ministries International.<ref name="truefree"/> 
+
 
+
A majority of the most prominent and vocal defenders of the naturalistic [[evolution|evolutionary]] position since [[World War II]] have been [[Atheism|atheists]].<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Batten, Don (December 1997).  [http://www.creationontheweb.com/content/view/737/ "A ''Who’s Who'' of evolutionists"]. ''Creation'', vol 20, no. 1, p. 32.  Retrieved from Creation.com [Creation Ministries International] on May 15, 2015.  See [[Don Batten]]
+
*Sarfati, Jonathan, Ph. D. (1999).  [http://www.creationontheweb.com/content/view/3830 "Chapter 1: Facts and bias"].  ''Refuting Evolution''.  Retrieved from Creation.com [Creation Ministries International] on May 15, 2015.  See [[Jonathan Sarfati]]</ref> Creation scientists tend to win the Creation-Evolution debates and many have been held since the 1970's particularly in the [[United States]].<ref name="AnkerFraser">Multiple references:
+
*Ankerberg, John, and Weldon, John (1998).  [http://www.ankerberg.com/Articles/science/SC0104W1E.htm "Truth in advertising: damaging the cause of science"].  ''Darwin's Leap of Faith'' (Harvest House).  Retrieved from The John Ankenberg Show website on May 15, 2015.
+
*Fraser, William A. (2003). [http://web.archive.org/web/20091024005313/http://members.shaw.ca/mark.64/hcib/whowins.html "Who wins the debates?"]  Mark64's webpage.  Retrieved from October 24, 2009 archive at Internet Archive on May 15, 2015.</ref>
+
Robert Sloan, Director of Paleontology at the University of Minnesota, reluctantly admitted to a ''Wall Street Journal'' reporter that the "creationists tend to win" the public debates which focused on the creation vs. [[theory of evolution|evolution]] controversy.<ref name="AnkerFraser"/>  In August of 1979, [[Henry Morris|Dr. Henry Morris]] reported in an [[Institute for Creation Research]] letter the following: “By now, practically every leading evolutionary scientist in this country has declined one or more invitations to a scientific debate on creation/evolution.”<ref>Fraser, William A. (2003). [http://web.archive.org/web/20091024005313/http://members.shaw.ca/mark.64/hcib/whowins.html "Who wins the debates?"]  Mark64's webpage.  Retrieved from October 24, 2009 archive at Internet Archive on May 15, 2015.</ref>  Morris also said regarding the creation scientist [[Duane Gish]] (who had over 300 formal debates): “At least in our judgment and that of most in the audiences, he always wins.”<ref>Ankerberg, John, and Weldon, John (1998).  [http://www.ankerberg.com/Articles/science/SC1200W1.htm "Voices for evolution"].  ''Darwin's Leap of Faith'' (Harvest House).  Retrieved from the John Ankerberg show website on May 15, 2015.</ref>
+
Generally speaking, leading evolutionists generally no longer debate creation scientists because [[creation scientists tend to win the creation vs. evolution debates]].<ref>Morris, Henry, Ph. D. (1996). [http://www.icr.org/article/811/ "Reason or rhetoric"].  ''Acts and Facts'', vol. 25, no. 11. Retrieved from Institute for Creation Research website on May 15, 2015.</ref> In addition, the [[atheism|atheist]] and evolutionist, [[Richard Dawkins]] has shown inconsistent and deceptive behavior [[Richard Dawkins' public refusal to debate creationists|concerning his refusal creation scientists]].  In an article entitled "Are Kansas Evolutionists Afraid of a Fair Debate?" the [[Discovery Institute]] states the following:
+
{{cquote|Defenders of Darwin's theory of evolution typically proclaim that evidence for their theory is simply overwhelming. If they really believe that, you would think they would jump at a chance to publicly explain some of that overwhelming evidence to the public. Apparently not.<ref>West, John G. (February 23, 2005).  [http://www.evolutionnews.org/2005/02/are_kansas_evolutionists_afraid_of_a_fai.html "Are Kansas evolutionists afraid of a fair debate?"]  Evolution News and Views.  Retrieved on May 15, 2015.</ref>}}
+
[[Image:PH2006022801720.jpg‎|right|thumb|150px|[[Henry Morris]]]]
+
In 1994, the arch-evolutionist Dr. [[Eugenie Scott]] made this confession concerning creation vs. evolution debates:
+
{{cquote|During the last six or eight months, I have received more calls about debates between creationists and evolutionists than I have encountered for a couple of years, it seems.  I do not know what has inspired this latest outbreak, but I am not sure it is doing much to improve science education.
+
 
+
Why do I say this?  Sure, there are examples of "good" debates where a well-prepared evolution supporter got the best of a creationist, but I can tell you after many years in this business that they are few and far between.  Most of the time a well-meaning evolutionist accepts a debate challenge (usually "to defend good science" or for some other worthy goal), reads a bunch of creationist literature, makes up a lecture explaining Darwinian gradualism, and can't figure out why at the end of the debate so many individuals are clustered around his opponent, congratulating him on having done such a good job of routing evolution—and why his friends are too busy to go out for a beer after the debate.<ref>Scott, Eugenie C. (1994). [http://www.skepticfiles.org/evo2/credebec.htm "Debates and the Globetrotters"].  Skeptic Tank Text Archive File website/Evolution.  Retrieved on May 15, 2015.</ref>}}
+
 
+
In August of 2003 the [[Creation Research Society]] published some interesting material regarding their correspondence with [[Richard Dawkins]] regarding a creation-evolution debate in which Richard Dawkins participated in as a debater.<ref name="creatmat">Humber, Paul G., M. S. (July/August 2003).  [http://www.creationresearch.org/creation_matters/pdf/2003/cm08_04_rp.PDF "Debating Dawkins"].  ''Creation Matters'', vol. 8, no. 4.  Retrieved from April 15, 2014 Creation Research Society website archive at Internet Archive on May 15, 2015.</ref> The Creation Research Society stated regarding the debate the following:
+
{{cquote|Despite Dr. Dawkins’ plea, there were apparently 115 votes for the creation position (more than 37%). This was done near Darwin’s turf. Imagine flat-earthers going to NASA and convincing over 37% of the scientists there that the earth is flat. Maybe creation science is not as closely akin to flat-earthism as Dr. Dawkins supposes (see his Free Inquiry article).<ref name="creatmat"/>}}
+
 
+
=== History of the growth of creationist apologetics and its effects ===
+
Dr. [[Johnson C. Philip]] & Dr. Saneesh Cherian wrote in their work ''Introduction To Integrated [[Christian apologetics|Christian Apologetics]]'':
+
{{cquote|American evangelical Christians have began to notice in the fifties that compromise is a slow poison that ultimately destroys respect for truth. Some of them came together and started writing aggressively on themes defending the historical and scientific reliability of the Bible. This gave birth to the modern interest in Apologetics and Creationism. At the dawn of the twenty-first century the influence of this revival has spread all over the world, and today more than one hundred and fifty organizations function around the world, devoted solely to apologetics. Their influence has be so strong that a large number of Seminaries all around the world have begun assert the historical and scientific reliability of the Bible...
+
 
+
...with the birth of the modern creationism and apologetics, a revival set in motion among the evangelical Christians. This group became quite vocal and aggressive in the sixties, and by seventies they started exerting significant influence among theologians, thinkers, and the Bible teachers all over the world.
+
 
+
Thousands of apologetic books, hundreds of magazines, and tens of thousands of articles have been produced defending the Bible since. In turn, this has started to diminish the influence of [[rationalism|rationalists]] and radicals on Christians.
+
 
+
From the middle of the nineteenth to the middle of the twentieth century the rationalists had their heyday, snatching away millions of young people from their Christian faith and commitment. The wounds of this loss can been seen in Christendom even today, but at the same time this loss has been greatly minimized now because of the work of Christian apologists.
+
 
+
Today anyone desiring to know about the Bible, and its connection with science, evolution, history, archaeology, has read any number of books on this topic. Literally thousands of titles are available, and he can choose anywhere from the most simple books to the most technically advanced ones.  Thus the modern apologetics movement has been able to arrest the way in which rationalists have been bleeding the Christian church.<ref>[http://www.brethrenassembly.com/Ebooks/Apol_001A.pdf Introduction To Integrated Christian Apologetics, Dr. Johnson C. Philip & Dr. Saneesh Cherian]</ref>}}
+
 
+
=== Atheist organizations: Church-state/creationism issues - poor largely ignored ===
+
 
+
''See also:'' [[Atheism and charity|Atheism and uncharitableness]] and [[Atheism, social justice and hypocrisy]]
+
 
+
In June of 2014,  Sikivu Hutchinson wrote in the ''Washington Post'' that atheist organizations generally focus on church/state separation and creationism issues and not the concerns the less affluent African-American population faces.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2014/06/16/blacks-are-even-discriminated-against-by-atheists/ Atheism has a big race problem that no one’s talking about] by Dr. Sikivu Hutchinson, Washington Post June 16, 2014</ref> Hutchinson also mentioned that church organizations do offer significant help to poor African-Americans.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2014/06/16/blacks-are-even-discriminated-against-by-atheists/ Atheism has a big race problem that no one’s talking about] by Dr. Sikivu Hutchinson, Washington Post June 16, 2014</ref>
+
 
+
== Failure of the secularization thesis ==
+
 
+
''See also:'' [[Desecularization]] and [[Secularization thesis]] and [[Global atheism|Decline of global atheism]]
+
[[File:US map.PNG|200px|thumbnail|left|[[Peter L. Berger]] said that the religiosity of the [[United States]] was a big exception to the secularization theory that should have caused social scientists to question the theory.<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DHlDyR102G8 Professor Peter Berger on Resurgence of Religion and Decline of Secularization Theory]</ref>  ]]
+
[[Harvard University]]'s Samuel Huntington observed: "The late 20th century has seen the global resurgence of religions around the world" (''The Clash of Civilizations'', p. 64).<ref>[http://www.tomorrowsworld.org/magazines/2005/november-december/the-return-of-religion The Return of Religion]</ref>
+
 
+
[[Alister McGrath]] points out that many atheists/agnostics were angry that the secularization thesis failed because religion was "supposed to" disappear.<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=creNs9-Ui6A 'Why God Won't Go Away'] by Alister McGrath</ref> Peter Berger said that the religiosity of the United States was a big exception to the secularization theory that should have caused social scientists to question the theory.<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DHlDyR102G8 Professor Peter Berger on Resurgence of Religion and Decline of Secularization Theory]</ref> 
+
 
+
On July 24, 2013, ''CNS News'' reported:
+
{{cquote|[[Atheism]] is in [[Global atheism|decline worldwide]], with the number of atheists falling from 4.5% of the world’s population in 1970 to 2.0% in 2010 and projected to drop to 1.8% by 2020, according to a new report by the Center for the Study of Global Christianity at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in South Hamilton, Mass."<ref>http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/global-study-atheists-decline-only-18-world-population-2020 Global Study: Atheists in Decline, Only 1.8% of World Population by 2020]</ref>}}
+
 
+
Douglas S. Winnail wrote:
+
{{cquote|Secular leaders and scholars have been surprised by the resurgence of religion, because they put their faith in the assumption that modernization would lead to secularization and to the decline of religion. This idea—the so-called "[[Secularization thesis|secularization theory]]"—is widely accepted in academic and political circles. It assumes that as societies modernize and become more secular, religion will wither away as an archaic and useless branch of knowledge. Their assumption was that if religion became irrelevant, and human beings became more reasonable, they would dwell together in peace and happiness in a modernized world.
+
 
+
However, human history did not follow this "reasonable" path to a secular utopia. The closing decades of the 20th century "provide a massive falsification of the idea" that modernization and secularization will lead to a decline in religion. Instead, we are witnessing a massive upsurge in religion around the world (The [[Desecularization]] of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics, Berger, p. 6). This resurgence of religion has also played a part in an increasing number of violent conflicts around the world. Secular intellectuals and elites have been shocked by this development, because it is proving that their fundamental assumptions about human beings and human society are absolutely wrong! The modern secular notion that religion is archaic and irrelevant has caused many to overlook the importance of religion in human affairs. As a result, they have been taken by surprise by the return of religion. As Peter Berger, one of the world's leading sociologists of religion, wrote: "Those who neglect religion in their analysis of contemporary affairs do so at great peril" (Berger, p. 18). But what has spawned the modern revival of religion, and the spreading rejection of secular society?<ref>[http://www.tomorrowsworld.org/magazines/2005/november-december/the-return-of-religion The Return of Religion]</ref>}}
+
 
+
== Views on atheists and poor public relations efforts ==
+
 
+
''See also:'' [[Views on atheists]] and [[Atheism and public relations]]
+
 
+
=== Americans and Canadians distrust atheists as much as rapists ===
+
 
+
''See also:'' [[Atheism and rape]] and [[Atheism and social outcasts]]
+
[[File:2404429188 ea8f1fc48b.jpg|thumbnail|right|200px|Studies and web traffic data appear to indicate that women in the Western World tend to be more religious than men.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Kosmin, Barry A., et al. (2008).  [http://web.archive.org/web/20110904110346/http://www.americanreligionsurvey-aris.org/reports/NONES_08.pdf "American nones:  Profile of the no religion population"].  American Religion Survey website [Trinity College, Hartford, CT].  Retrieved from Internet Archive.
+
*Britt, Robert Roy (February 28, 2009).  [http://www.livescience.com/7689-women-religious-men.html "Women more religious than men"].  Live Science website.</ref> See: [[Atheism and women]] ]]
+
On December 10, 2011, USA Today reported in a story entitled ''Study: Atheists distrusted as much as rapists'':
+
{{cquote|The study, conducted among 350 Americans adults and 420 Canadian college students, asked participants to decide if a fictional driver damaged a parked car and left the scene, then found a wallet and took the money, was the driver more likely to be a teacher, an atheist teacher, or a rapist teacher?
+
 
+
The participants, who were from religious and nonreligious backgrounds, most often chose the atheist teacher.
+
 
+
The study is part of an attempt to understand what needs religion fulfills in people. Among the conclusions is a sense of trust in others.
+
 
+
"People find atheists very suspect," Shariff said. "They don't fear God so we should distrust them; they do not have the same moral obligations of others. This is a common refrain against atheists. People fear them as a group."<ref>[http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/religion/story/2011-12-10/religion-atheism/51777612/1 Study: Atheists distrusted as much as rapists]</ref>}}
+
 
+
=== UK study finds atheists widely distrusted - even among themselves ===
+
 
+
''See also:'' [[Atheist factions]]
+
 
+
In 2015, the ''Christian Post'' reported in a story entitled ''Atheists Widely Distrusted, Even Among Themselves, UK Study Finds'':
+
{{cquote|Distrust of atheists is "deeply and culturally ingrained" among people, and even many atheists are not able to trust each other, according to a new study carried out by the psychology department at Nottingham Trent University in England.
+
 
+
Published in the ''International Journal for The Psychology of Religion'', the study, "The Robustness of Anti-Atheist Prejudice as Measured by Way of Cognitive Errors," was conducted with 100 participants from the U.K. ....
+
 
+
The study shows that "anti-atheist prejudice is not confined either to dominantly religious countries or to religious individuals, but rather appears to be a robust judgment about atheists."<ref>[http://www.christianpost.com/news/atheists-widely-distrusted-even-among-themselves-culturally-ingrained-uk-study-finds-160480/ Atheists Widely Distrusted, Even Among Themselves, UK Study Finds], Christian Post, 2015</ref>}}
+
 
+
''The Independent'' reports about the participants of the study:
+
{{cquote|Professor Leah Giddings and Thomas Dunn led the study with 100 online participants from the United Kingdom, 70 of whom were women and whose average age was 21.
+
 
+
A total of 43 per cent of the contributors were atheist, 33 per cent were Christian and the remainder belonged to other faiths.<ref>[http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/anti-atheist-distrust-deeply-and-culturally-ingrained-study-finds-a6952276.html Anti-atheist distrust ‘deeply and culturally ingrained’, study finds], ''The Independent'', 2015</ref>}}
+
 
+
=== Atheism and poor public relations ===
+
 
+
Please see:
+
 
+
*[[Atheism and public relations]]
+
 
+
*[[Brights Movement]]
+
 
+
*[[Elevatorgate]]
+
 
+
*[[Richard Dawkins' loss of influence]]
+
 
+
*[[Atheism and Christmas#Militant atheists who are active in the War on Christmas controversy|Militant atheists who are active in the War on Christmas controversy]]
+
 
+
*[[We Are Atheism]]
+
 
+
*[[Madalyn Murray O'Hair]]
+
 
+
== The decline of the secular left ==
+
 
+
''See also:'' [[Decline of the secular left]]
+
 
+
Historically the largest advances of the secular left has been through utilizing the power of the state (see: [[State atheism]] and [[Atheism and communism]]).  For example, secular leftists use the power of the state to promote [[evolution]]ary ideology and to censor creationist/[[intelligent design]] models of origins (See: [[Suppression of alternatives to evolution]] and [[Atheist indoctrination]]).
+
 
+
The historian Martin Van Crevel points out that sovereign states are losing power/influence due to technology democratizing access to information, welfare states increasingly failing, [[fourth-generation warfare]] being waged against countries and sovereign states increasingly losing their ability to maintain internal order.<ref>[http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/parameters/Articles/96spring/creveld.htm The Fate of the State] by MARTIN VAN CREVELD</ref><ref>[https://www.sonshi.com/martin-van-creveld-interview.html Martin van Creveld interview]</ref>
+
 
+
In 2010, in his book ''Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth'', Eric Kaufmann wrote concerning the [[culture war]] in the [[United States]]:
+
[[Image:Baby.jpg|right|thumb|150px|By the end of the century, three quarters of America may be [[pro-life]].<ref>''Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth'' by Eric Kaufmann</ref>]]
+
{{cquote|High evangelical fertility rates more than compensated for losses to liberal Protestant sects during the twentieth century. In recent decades, white secularism has surged, but Latino and Asian religious immigration has taken up the slack, keeping secularism at bay. Across denominations, the fertility advantage of religious fundamentalists of all colours is significant and growing. After 2020, their demographic weight will begin to tip the balance in the culture wars towards the conservative side, ramping up pressure on hot-button issues such as abortion. By the end of the century, three quarters of America may be [[pro-life]]. Their activism will leap over the borders of the 'Redeemer Nation' to evangelize the world. Already, the rise of the World Congress of Families has launched a global religious right, its arms stretching across the bloody lines of the War on Terror to embrace the entire Abrahamic family.<ref>''Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth'' by Eric Kaufmann</ref>}}
+
 
+
== Atheism, agnosticism and flip-flopping ==
+
 
+
''See also:''  [[Atheism, agnosticism and flip-flopping]]
+
 
+
Some of the most prominent atheists/agnostics have flip-flopped between atheism and agnosticism/theism.  Unlike Christianity, which is supported by a [[Christian apologetics|large body of sound evidence]] (see: [[Christian apologetics]]), atheism has no proof and evidence supporting its ideology.
+
 
+
For notable examples prominent atheists/agnostics flip-flopping between atheism and agnosticism/theism, please see:  [[Atheism, agnosticism and flip-flopping]]
+
 
+
== Notes ==
+
{{reflist|2}}
+
 
+
[[Category: Atheism]]
+

Revision as of 14:54, 17 April 2016

More conservatives are abandoning the republican party.. there are more registered dems than republicans but ANYWAYS...


The mission:

- infiltrate this shit wiki by overwhelming it with vandals

- lower morale so that even the parodists here are sick of it.

- Continue until Andrew Schlafly and Ken Demyer and Karajoo die off like TK did.

- Liberate freedom and reality under a new leader.