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Capital Baltimore
Nickname The Free State
Official Language None
Governor Martin O'Malley, D
Senator Barbara Mikulski, D
(202) 224-4654
Senator Ben Cardin, D
(202) 224-4524
Ratification of Constitution/or statehood April 28, 1788 (7th)
Flag of Maryland Motto: "Fatti maschii parole femine" (strong deeds, gentle words)

Maryland is bordered to the north by Pennsylvania, to the east by Delaware, to the south by Virginia and the District of Columbia, and to the west by West Virginia. It has a total area of 12,192.97 square miles.[1]


The Colony of Maryland was established by Lord Baltimore as a haven for Catholics, as England was mostly Protestant. Jews also enjoyed freedom in Maryland. Lord de la War (also one of the possible origins of the name Delaware) was one of Maryland's early leaders.

Maryland won its independence from Britain in the American War for Independence in 1783.

In the 1850's America's parties realigned: Whigs disappeared while Republicans and Democrats struggled over sectionalism and anti-Catholic, anti-immigrant nativism. In the South, including Maryland, sectionalism appealed to rural voters and nativism to urban. Nativism was weaker than in the North because the South attracted fewer immigrants. Nevertheless, the nativist American (Know-Nothing) Party captured the Baltimore government in 1854. The party used patronage and, especially, coercion; its armed forces scared off Democratic voters and forced drunks and immigrants to vote multiple times. The party elected a congressman and governor during its short reign. In 1860 the Democrat-controlled legislature took back the city police, the militia, patronage, and the electoral machinery, and prosecuted some Know-Nothings for electoral fraud. By 1861 the Know-Nothings had split over secession.[2]


The current governor of Maryland is Martin O'Malley(D) (2007- ). The capital of Maryland is Annapolis, located in Anne Arundel County. It is subdivided into 23 counties and Baltimore City, which, as an independent city, is in many respects the 24th county.[3]

Elected Officials




See also


  2. Frank Towers, The Urban South and the Coming of the Civil War (2004) covers Baltimore.