The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in 1928 after the dissolution of the Turkish Caliphate. From 1954 until 2015 it's international headquarters were in London and have since relocated to Austria after it came under investigation for subversive activities against the UK government. It is considered a terrorist organization by the governments of Egypt, Russia, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Syria.
It is the longest running radical Islamic group globally, supporter of Hamas, advocates Jihad as well as the spread of Sharia Law. The organization which grew to encompass over 70 countries including Syria, Sudan, and other Arab countries, was founded in Egypt by Hasan al-Banna in 1928 and has had many high-profile Islamic terrorist members, including the founder of modern-day jihad, Sayyid Qutb, Osama Bin Laden, and Egyptian terrorist mastermind and Al-Qaeda boss Ayman Al-Zawahiri.
The Brotherhood was booted out of Egypt in 1954 after a botched attempt to assassinate Egyptian President Abdul Nasser and found asylum in London where it assumed a veneer of an oppressed, non-violent, opposition po!itical party. Members assassinated Nassar's successor, Anwar Sadat who made peace with Israel, in 1981. It has given rise to new more violent militias including Hamas, Gama’a al-Islamiya, and Islamic Jihad. Hafez al-Assad, Bashar al-Assad's father, wiped out 20,000 members of the Brotherhood in an uprising against the Syrian government in 1982.
Despite being illegal under Egyptian law, the Muslim Brotherhood gained success in Egypt’s parliamentary elections, winning 20 percent of the assembly's seats in 2005. From 2012 to 2013 Mohamed Morsi, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, was the president of Egypt. He subsequently introduced Sharia law in his country and was deposed by the Egyptian Deep State.
The Muslim Brotherhoods’ original goal was to found a total Islamic state which was not influenced by Western countries and would fellow strictly the teachings of the Koran. The organization has also been a leader indicting terrorism and propaganda against Israel and Jews. The Muslim Brotherhood's theme is:
Frank Gaffney wrote:
- ...from the Brotherhood’s inception in Egypt in 1928, it has been a revolutionary organization committed to the imposition worldwide of a totalitarian, supremacist Islamic doctrine they call Shariah." Muslim Brotherhood’s bait-and-switch - Egypt’s presidential election is a stealthy prelude to Shariah
The Ikhwan must understand that their work in America is a kind of grand jihad in eliminating and destroying the Western civilization from within...
The Syrian Islamic Brotherhood had existed since about 1937. It was banned from participating in political life by Syrian President Adib Shishakli in the early 1950s (MB then was known as the Islamic Socialist Front). Not until the seizure of power by the secular Ba'ath party in 1963 did it form into an opposition group. In February 1964 the Brotherhood instigated riots against Ba'ath party rule in the Islamist stronghold of Hama which were suppressed by the army.
Inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Iran the Brotherhood developed a plan to trigger a similar popular revolt to oust Ba'athist dictator Hafez al-Assad (father of Bashar al-Assad). Beginning in 1979 the Brotherhood forged links with Syrian Ba'athist dissidents and the Iraqi Ba'athist President Saddam Hussein for help in overthrowing Assad. The Iraqi regime provided covert assistance to the Brotherhood rebels in Aleppo, Damascus, and Hama. Saddam Hussein's government accused the Assad regime of human rights violations against the Muslim Brotherhood. According to Wikipedia, after the uprising was brutally crushed in the 1982 Hama Massacre one faction "for several years retained a military structure in Iraq, with backing from the [Iraqi] government."
The Muslim Brotherhood was later vilified by the Salafi theorist Abu Musab al-Suri in his 1991 treatise, Notes on the Jihadi experience in Syria. Among the Brotherhood's "crimes" was its "alliance with parties of infidelity, freethinking (zandaqa), and apostasy".
In June 1980, the Brotherhood attempted to assassinate President Assad following which the government passed a law making membership of the Brotherhood a capital offence; the law is still in force today.
Controversy within Obama Administration
- The director of national intelligence, retired Air Force Lt. Gen. James Clapper, stunned the committee by describing Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood -- the organization that has co-opted pro-democracy protests in Cairo's Tahrir Square -- as "a very heterogeneous group, largely secular, which has eschewed violence and has decried al-Qaida as a perversion of Islam. ... They have pursued social ends, a betterment of the political order in Egypt."
- FBI Director Robert Mueller contradicted the DNI by observing, "Elements of the Muslim Brotherhood here and overseas have supported terrorism."
- Egypt Aflame
- The Looming Tower, al-Qaeda and the road to 9/11 (book), by Lawrence Wright
- FBI Captured Muslim Brotherhood’s Strategic Plan, BigPeace.com, October 26, 2010
- Jihadi After Action Report: Syria, by Stephen Ulph, William McCants editor. The Combating Terrorism Center, United States Military Academy, West Point, p.6.
- Numbness on the Nile - Oliver North
- Numbness on the Nile - Oliver North