New Mexico

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New Mexico
Capital Santa Fe
Nickname The Land of Enchantment
Official Language English, Spanish
Governor Susana Martinez, R
Senator Jeff Bingaman, D
(202) 224-5521
Senator Tom Udall, D
(202) 224-6621
Ratification of Constitution/or statehood January 6, 1912 (47th)
Flag of New Mexico Motto: Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes)

New Mexico became 47th state to join the union on January 6, 1912. It is the fifth largest of the United States, with a total land area of 121,412 square miles[1]. New Mexico has the largest Hispanic population, percentage-wise, of any US State. Its official state question is "red or green?".

The state is bordered by Colorado, Arizona, Utah, Oklahoma and Texas. It also borders Mexico.

Elected Officials




The state capital is Santa Fe. The cities with the largest populations are: Albuquerque, 494,236; Las Cruces, 82,671; Santa Fe, 70,631; Rio Rancho, 66,599; and Roswell, 45,199.

The total population of 1,928,384 includes a high number of peoples of Hispanic origin and of Native American (Indian) descent. [2]


New Mexico's weather is usually sunny and dry, with little rainfall all year. [3]



The land includes areas of dry desert and forest, and has many mountainous regions, including the Sangre de Cristo mountain range, and the Jemez Mountains. [4]

The highest point in New Mexico is Wheeler Peak at 13,161 feet above sea level, and the lowest point is at Red Bluff Reservoir, 2,842 feet above sea level. [5]


Agriculture is important to New Mexico, but the lack of irrigation hinders using much of the land for farming. Much of the farmed land is located around the two major rivers which flow through the state: the Rio Grande and Pecos River.

Much of the land is used for grazing livestock, especially sheep. More than two-thirds of New Mexico's farm income comes from livestock products. Another large industry in the state is mining, particularly copper, silver, and uranium. [6]


Interstate Highways 10, 25 and 40 traverse the state. New Mexico's largest commercial airport is Albuquerque's International Sunport. [7]

Places of Interest

Notable people associated with New Mexico

Bella Donna by Georgia O'Keeffe, 1939.