Difference between revisions of "Polygamy"

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Polygamy is an inclusive term for several variant forms of [[marriage]]. It encompasses [[polygyny]], the practice of having multiple wives, [[polyandry]], the practice of having multiple husbands, and [[group marriage]], the practice of having multiple husbands and wives.  Any marriage of 3 or more people is polygamous.
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'''Polygamy''' is an inclusive term for several variant forms of [[marriage]]. It encompasses [[polygyny]], the practice of having multiple wives, [[polyandry]], the practice of having multiple husbands, and [[group marriage]], the practice of having multiple husbands and wives.  Any marriage of 3 or more people is polygamous.
  
 
Polygamy, historically, has been wide spread.  The most common form of polygamy is polygyny.  Polygynous marriages are found in the [[Old Testament]], especially among the Hebrew kings.  The book of [[Deuteronomy]] gives an inheritance rule for polygynous families.<ref>Deuteronomy 21:15-17 [http://www.bartleby.com/108/05/21.html#15]</ref>The culmination was [[Solomon]] with 700 wives, a fact that led him down the path of corruption.  There was also a practice of giving a maid servant to a husband to sire children in the period of the patriarchs, but this was not polygamy as this was not considered to be an extention of marriage.  There are no examples of polygamy in the [[New Testament]] and it is stated that a deacon is to be the husband of one wife (in some Christian denominations today, that has been taken to mean that divorced men and in some cases even widowed men can not be deacons if they remarry.)  Furthermore, Judaism had largely repudiated the concept of polygamy by the time of [[Jesus]].
 
Polygamy, historically, has been wide spread.  The most common form of polygamy is polygyny.  Polygynous marriages are found in the [[Old Testament]], especially among the Hebrew kings.  The book of [[Deuteronomy]] gives an inheritance rule for polygynous families.<ref>Deuteronomy 21:15-17 [http://www.bartleby.com/108/05/21.html#15]</ref>The culmination was [[Solomon]] with 700 wives, a fact that led him down the path of corruption.  There was also a practice of giving a maid servant to a husband to sire children in the period of the patriarchs, but this was not polygamy as this was not considered to be an extention of marriage.  There are no examples of polygamy in the [[New Testament]] and it is stated that a deacon is to be the husband of one wife (in some Christian denominations today, that has been taken to mean that divorced men and in some cases even widowed men can not be deacons if they remarry.)  Furthermore, Judaism had largely repudiated the concept of polygamy by the time of [[Jesus]].

Revision as of 13:44, 31 May 2007

Polygamy is an inclusive term for several variant forms of marriage. It encompasses polygyny, the practice of having multiple wives, polyandry, the practice of having multiple husbands, and group marriage, the practice of having multiple husbands and wives. Any marriage of 3 or more people is polygamous.

Polygamy, historically, has been wide spread. The most common form of polygamy is polygyny. Polygynous marriages are found in the Old Testament, especially among the Hebrew kings. The book of Deuteronomy gives an inheritance rule for polygynous families.[1]The culmination was Solomon with 700 wives, a fact that led him down the path of corruption. There was also a practice of giving a maid servant to a husband to sire children in the period of the patriarchs, but this was not polygamy as this was not considered to be an extention of marriage. There are no examples of polygamy in the New Testament and it is stated that a deacon is to be the husband of one wife (in some Christian denominations today, that has been taken to mean that divorced men and in some cases even widowed men can not be deacons if they remarry.) Furthermore, Judaism had largely repudiated the concept of polygamy by the time of Jesus.

The Koran approves of polygyny [2]. The practice was also known among European tribes in pre-Christian Europe and in both China and Japan [3].

In the modern world polygyny is practiced to some extent in China[4], among certain sects of Mormons[5] (the mainstream Mormon Church outlawed the practice in 1890[6]) and in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa [7].

Polyandry is and has been less common around the world, but it has been practiced. Polyandry is part of traditional Tibetan culture[8] and is practiced by some Native American tribes[9].

Group marriage is likely the least common form of polygamy, but it is practiced. In fact a number of Americans purport to practice just this sort of living arrangement, even though it is not legally recognized as marriage by the state.[10].

Reference

  1. Deuteronomy 21:15-17 [1]
  2. Koran 4:3-4http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/004.qmt.html#004.003]
  3. Polygyny in Europe and China[2]
  4. Lang and Smart. “Migration and the Second Wife in South China: Toward cross-border polygyny” The International migration review 2002, vol. 36, no2, pp. 546-569 [3]
  5. News story on Fundamentalist Church of Latter Day Saints[4]
  6. LDS official position[5]
  7. Brown, Judith E. “Polygyny and Family Planning in sub-Saharan Africa” Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 12, No. 8/9 (Aug. - Sep., 1981), pp. 322-326. Abstract. [6]
  8. List of references [7]
  9. Polyandry among the Inuit[8]
  10. Kurtz, Stanley, “Rick Santorum Was Right Meet the future of marriage in America.” New Republic Online 3/23/05 [9]