|Flag||Coat of Arms|
|President||Aníbal Cavaco Silva|
|Prime minister||José Sócrates|
|Area||35,580 sq mi|
|GDP per capita||$23,464 (2006)|
In the 16th century, it explored and colonised large areas, including Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, parts of India, Timor, Cape Verde, and others. It lost much of it's power when Lisbon was destroyed in an earthquake in 1755, and it was occupied in the Napoleonic Wars. In 1910 a revolution deposed the monarchy; but repressive nationalistic government would rule for most of the next six decades. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the European Union) in 1986.
Portugal has an area of 92,391 square kilometers and a population of 10,642,836 (2007 estimate).