Pride is a lofty view of one's self or one's own. Pride often manifests itself as a high opinion of one's nation (national pride), ethnicity (ethnic pride), or appearance and abilities (vanity). Pride is generally considered a negative attribute by most major world religions, but in some aspects or circumstances it may be considered a positive one (see Pride and Prejudice). The opposite of pride is humility.
The various English synonyms for pride differentiate both great divisions of meaning as well as various subtleties of meaning. For example, pride has been defined in the Middle Ages as the "inordinate desire to excel". While vainglory or vanity has been defined as the inordinate desire of appearing to excel. The English synonym for pride, hubris, is a direct adoption of an ancient Greek word into the English alphabet with the same meaning.
Judaism, using Pride in the sense of hubris or arrogance, denounces it - the phrase "Pride goes before a fall" is a paraphrase of a passage from the book of Proverbs, in the Old Testament. Many more verses of the Tanakh/Old Testament speak of Pride and arrogance. "Blessed is that man that makes the Lord his trust, and looks not to the proud, nor to those that turn aside to lies." (Psalm 40:4) "Talk no more exceeding proudly, nor let arrogancy come out of your mouth: for the Lord is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed." (I Sam. 2:3)
In Christianity, pride (associated with the terms vanity or arrogance) is the essentially competitive and excessive belief in one's own abilities that interferes with the individual's recognition of the grace of God; for example: "In his Pride the wicked does not seek Him; in all his thoughts there is no room for God." (Psalm 10:4) Pride the greatest of the Seven Deadly Sins (pride, envy, wrath, sloth, greed, gluttony and lust).
- According to Sebastien Michaelis, humans are seduced by Pride by the great demon Belial, who is also known as The Lord of Arrogance.
- Saint Thomas Aquinas wrote that "inordinate self-love is the cause of every sin." In this he followed St. Gregory.
The well-known English maxim, "Pride goes before a fall," is itself an adaptation of Proverbs 16:18.
In Islam, Pride is forbidden as well. According to a narration from Muhammad, he said: "He in whose heart there is as much as an atom of arrogance will not enter paradise," and a man remarked: "A man likes his garment to be beautiful and his sandals to be beautiful." Then Muhammad replied: "God, Most High, is beautiful and likes beauty; arrogance is disdaining what is true and despising people." (Sahih Muslim).
In Buddhism, Pride is seen as illogical as no one person or thing can be better or worse than something or someone else.
In Hinduism, Ravana, an evil king who was killed by Rama, avatar of Vishnu, exhibited the sins of Pride and Lust.
In Taoism, according to the Tao Te Ching, Pride and Greed are human errors.
See also: Atheism and arrogance
For more information, please see Atheism and arrogance
- Aquinas, Thomas (1274) paraphrasing Albert the Great. Summa Theologica, Part II-I, Q. 84, A. 2, ans. Translated by Fathers of the English Province. New York: Benzinger Brothers. The translated phrase Aquinas uses is pride is understood as "denoting inordinate desire to excel".
- Aquinas, Thomas (1274). Summa Theologica, Part II-I, Q. 77, A. 5, ans. Translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province. New York: Benzinger Brothers.
- Putting the Atheist on the Defensive by Kenneth R. Samples, Christian Research Institute Journal, Fall 1991, and Winter 1992, page 7.
- The Presumptuousness of Atheism by Paul Copan, Christian Research Institute
- The arrogance of the atheists: They batter believers in religion with smug certainty - New York Daily Times by the atheist S.E. Cupp, December 29, 2010
- How atheists became the most colossally smug and annoying people on the planet by atheist Brendan O'Neill, The Telegraph, August 14th, 2013
- How anger fuels atheistic arrogance - Christian Post By Dan Delzell, October 17, 2011
- Militant atheist arrogance and pride - Militant Atheism Exposed website