Reconstruction

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The Reconstruction (1866-1876) was the period after the American Civil War in which the former Confederacy was occupied by Northern troops. This was to ensure that the Emancipation Proclamation was carried out. Some equal rights were protected--for example, several African Americans were elected to Congress from this region--but this came to a rapid end when a stalemate in the 1876 Presidential Election lead to the Comprimise of 1877, which ended the occupation. Segregationist Jim Crow laws were passed, and the Ku Klux Klan's influence increased greatly after the South was no longer under military supervision.