Difference between revisions of "Republican form of government"

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(New page: The Republican Form of government is one in which the powers of sovereignty are vested in the people and are exercised by the people, either directly, or through representatives chosen b...)
 
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The Republican Form of government is one in which the powers of sovereignty are  
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'''The [[Republican]] Form of [[government]]''' is one in which the powers of sovereignty are  
 
vested in the people and are exercised by the people, either directly, or  
 
vested in the people and are exercised by the people, either directly, or  
 
through representatives chosen by the people, to whom those powers are specially  
 
through representatives chosen by the people, to whom those powers are specially  
 
delegated. Unlike the democratic form of government, in which the powers of  
 
delegated. Unlike the democratic form of government, in which the powers of  
sovereignty are vested in the whole body of free citizens, individuals retain  
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sovereignty are vested in the whole body of free [[citizens]], individuals retain  
 
sovereign prerogatives over their private property rights (absolute ownership)  
 
sovereign prerogatives over their private property rights (absolute ownership)  
of their person, labor and property.  
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of their person, labor and [[property]].  
 
   
 
   
The U.S. Constitution guarantees a republican form to the states. (See  
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The [[U.S. Constitution]] guarantees a republican form to the states. (See  
 
Art.4,Sec.4)  
 
Art.4,Sec.4)  
  
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== Philosophical foundations ==
 
== Philosophical foundations ==
 
   
 
   
Some draw from the Judeo-Christian philosophy that God granted dominion  
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Some draw from the [[Judeo-Christian]] philosophy that [[God]] granted dominion  
 
(absolute ownership) over the earth to man (see Genesis 1:26), sovereignty  
 
(absolute ownership) over the earth to man (see Genesis 1:26), sovereignty  
 
follows. Since absolute ownership cannot be exercised collectively, individual  
 
follows. Since absolute ownership cannot be exercised collectively, individual  
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== Common misconceptions ==
 
== Common misconceptions ==
 
   
 
   
It is a common error to assume that a republic is synonymous with a republican  
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It is a common error to assume that a [[republic]] is synonymous with a republican  
 
form of government. Many are misled to assume that the republican form is merely  
 
form of government. Many are misled to assume that the republican form is merely  
 
a populist democracy limited by constitution. In fact, exercising political  
 
a populist democracy limited by constitution. In fact, exercising political  

Revision as of 23:07, 13 November 2007

The Republican Form of government is one in which the powers of sovereignty are vested in the people and are exercised by the people, either directly, or through representatives chosen by the people, to whom those powers are specially delegated. Unlike the democratic form of government, in which the powers of sovereignty are vested in the whole body of free citizens, individuals retain sovereign prerogatives over their private property rights (absolute ownership) of their person, labor and property.

The U.S. Constitution guarantees a republican form to the states. (See Art.4,Sec.4)


Basic concept

The Republican form is based on the foundation that people are supreme, and governments are instituted to help secure their rights to life, liberty and property. Examples of sovereign prerogatives are the right to defend private property with deadly force, right of locomotion (freedom to travel) upon public roads and waterways, and free exercise of rights and powers.


Philosophical foundations

Some draw from the Judeo-Christian philosophy that God granted dominion (absolute ownership) over the earth to man (see Genesis 1:26), sovereignty follows. Since absolute ownership cannot be exercised collectively, individual sovereignty is inherent in the endowment. Each man absolutely owns himself, his labor and fruits of his labor, as well as the land he acquires. This parallels the legal definition for private property, that which is absolutely owned by an individual.


Common misconceptions

It is a common error to assume that a republic is synonymous with a republican form of government. Many are misled to assume that the republican form is merely a populist democracy limited by constitution. In fact, exercising political liberty (voting and holding office) requires one to step down in status, from the republican form to the democratic form. American citizens are assumed to have voluntarily accepted obligations and duties associated with democracy that are inapplicable to the people at large. For example, conscription, if compulsory, would be a violation of liberty and life. However, in American law, sovereign people are not subjects to or objects of such impositions.

Another misconception is that elected officials in the legislature are representatives for the people at large. In fact, they can only represent constituents, i.e., citizens / voters who gave consent, thus power of attorney to bind them to obedience. In a republican form, the individual's delegated representative who exercises power on his behalf, in defense of his life, liberty or property rights is not the legislature but the executive officer: a sheriff, if within a county, or an ambassador, if within a foreign nation.


Essential elements

Since property and sovereignty are inseparable, one without property cannot exercise dominion (sovereignty). Absolute ownership by an individual of land, houses, and chattels, characterizes private property. Private property is protected from being taken for public use without just compensation (see U.S. Constitution, Fifth Amendment). To exercise natural liberty, a domicile (legal permanent home) is essential. Powers and rights are the prerogative of a sovereign, while privileges and immunities are the prerogatives of a citizen.


Current Trends

Due to the widespread enrollment into Social Security (national socialism), private property ownership has been practically eradicated within the U.S.A. In its place, qualified ownership has superseded it. Socialism (and Communism) abolish absolute ownership by individuals, and replace it with collective ownership by society, as a whole. Thus it would appear that the republican form has been supplanted by the democratic form of government.


Citations

REPUBLICAN GOVERNMENT. One in which the powers of sovereignty are vested in the people and are exercised by the people, either directly, or through representatives chosen by the people, to whom those powers are specially delegated. In re Duncan, 139 U.S. 449, 11 S.Ct. 573, 35 L.Ed. 219; Minor v. Happersett, 88 U.S. (21 Wall.) 162, 22 L.Ed. 627.