Sacramento is the capital city of California, it is located in the central valley of California. In 2005 the city had a population of 445,287 and a the Metropolitian region has a population of 2,042,283.  making it the fourth largest city in California. It was named the state capital in 1854 and in 1874 the State Capitol Building was completed. Sacraemento held a strategic location in California, and was the western end to the Pony Express, and the Transcontinental Railroad, begun in the 1860 was started from Sacramento.
The major employer in the city is still the Government of California.