Samuel Hirszenberg (Lodz 1865 - Jerusalem 1908) was a Polish painter. For his painting "Yeszybolen", he received a silver medal at the Paris Exposition of 1889. He studied in Munich with Gottlieb; there he would have had occasion to see the Kaulbach painting: The Destruction of Jerusalem by Titus (An Anti-Jewish Allegory).
He initially painted genre scenes, then landscapes, portraits, decorative compositions and symbolic scenes with Jewish motifs and later postimpressionistic landscapes and portraits of the Jews and Arabs. 
In 1899, Hirszenberg painted one of the first Wandering Jew images created by a Jewish artist, it is still one of the most powerful.