Difference between revisions of "St. Albans"

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'''St. Albans''' is a cathedral city in [[Hertfordshire]], [[England]], named after the first [[British]] [[Christian]] [[martyr]]. It is situated on the River Ver, about 30 km (20 miles) north-west of [[London]].  
 
'''St. Albans''' is a cathedral city in [[Hertfordshire]], [[England]], named after the first [[British]] [[Christian]] [[martyr]]. It is situated on the River Ver, about 30 km (20 miles) north-west of [[London]].  
  
A British settlement existed nearby. During the [[Roman]] occupation, as Verulamium ,it became one of the most important centres in Britain; at the junction of two of the great Roman roads, it was the only centre in Britain whose inhabitants were Roman citizens. It was destroyed by [[Boudicca]] but soon rebuilt.  
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A British settlement existed nearby. During the [[Roman]] occupation, as Verulamium ,it became one of the most important centres in Britain; at the junction of two of the great Roman roads, it was the only centre in Britain whose inhabitants were Roman citizens. It was destroyed by [[Boudicca]] but soon rebuilt. A small part of the Roman wall still can be seen at a popular lakeside picnic spot.
  
 
It all but disappeared after the Romans left. In 793 [[Offa]] founded a [[Benedictine]] [[abbey]] there, which, with its importance as the place of St. Alban’s martyrdom, was given precedence and by the late 11th century, its nave was the second longest in [[Europe]].
 
It all but disappeared after the Romans left. In 793 [[Offa]] founded a [[Benedictine]] [[abbey]] there, which, with its importance as the place of St. Alban’s martyrdom, was given precedence and by the late 11th century, its nave was the second longest in [[Europe]].
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Two of the battles of the [[Wars of the Roses]] were fought nearby: the first (1455) - hardly more than a skirmish - launched the conflict; and saw a victory to the [[Yorkist]]s. The second, in 1461, was a [[Lancastrian]] victory. In the [[English Civil War]] St. Albans was the headquarters of the Parliamentary army.
 
Two of the battles of the [[Wars of the Roses]] were fought nearby: the first (1455) - hardly more than a skirmish - launched the conflict; and saw a victory to the [[Yorkist]]s. The second, in 1461, was a [[Lancastrian]] victory. In the [[English Civil War]] St. Albans was the headquarters of the Parliamentary army.
  
Today, St. Albans is commuter territory - part of the greater [[London]] dormitory belt for those who can’t quite afford the outskirts of London itself.
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Today, St. Albans is commuter territory - part of the greater [[London]] dormitory belt for those who can’t quite afford to live in the outskirts of London itself.
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Reference: “Brewer’s Britain and Ireland”
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[[Category: United Kingdom Cities and Towns]]
 
[[Category: United Kingdom Cities and Towns]]
 
[[Category: Wars of the Roses]]
 
[[Category: Wars of the Roses]]
 
[[Category: English History]]
 
[[Category: English History]]

Latest revision as of 00:29, 14 April 2013

St. Albans is a cathedral city in Hertfordshire, England, named after the first British Christian martyr. It is situated on the River Ver, about 30 km (20 miles) north-west of London.

A British settlement existed nearby. During the Roman occupation, as Verulamium ,it became one of the most important centres in Britain; at the junction of two of the great Roman roads, it was the only centre in Britain whose inhabitants were Roman citizens. It was destroyed by Boudicca but soon rebuilt. A small part of the Roman wall still can be seen at a popular lakeside picnic spot.

It all but disappeared after the Romans left. In 793 Offa founded a Benedictine abbey there, which, with its importance as the place of St. Alban’s martyrdom, was given precedence and by the late 11th century, its nave was the second longest in Europe.

Two of the battles of the Wars of the Roses were fought nearby: the first (1455) - hardly more than a skirmish - launched the conflict; and saw a victory to the Yorkists. The second, in 1461, was a Lancastrian victory. In the English Civil War St. Albans was the headquarters of the Parliamentary army.

Today, St. Albans is commuter territory - part of the greater London dormitory belt for those who can’t quite afford to live in the outskirts of London itself.


Reference: “Brewer’s Britain and Ireland”