Difference between revisions of "Text of Brown v. Board of Education"

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(We dont' need to describe this as "controversial"!)
("Racially segregated schools," the Court concluded, are "inherently unequal.")
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'''Brown v. Board''' was a landmark 1954 [[Supreme Court]] decision that ordered racial desegregation of public schools. It was based on the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the [[United States Constitution|US Constitution]], and on social science research that claimed to show that black children have trouble learning unless white children are in the classroom. The decision led to later decisions requiring forced racial busing of school children.
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'''Brown v. Board''' was a landmark 1954 [[Supreme Court]] decision that ordered racial desegregation of public schools. It was based on the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the [[United States Constitution|US Constitution]], <ref name="umkc">In 1954, the Supreme Court decided the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.  "Racially segregated schools," the Court concluded, are "inherently unequal."  The Court found support for its decision in studies that indicated that minority students learn better in racially mixed classrooms. [http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/sepbutequal.htm] </ref>
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and on social science research that claimed to show that black children have trouble learning unless white children are in the classroom. The decision led to later decisions requiring forced racial busing of school children.
  
 
== Law & Social Change ==
 
== Law & Social Change ==
 
It is debatable how much actual desegregation was a result of this ruling and related federal court decisions. This raises interesting questions as to the role of the Supreme Court in bringing about actual social change.  No one today will dispute the need to end the earlier system of segregated schools, and the importance of the decision, but many will query whether it changed that much, or if its use was rather in sending a definitive signal that the days of segregation and institutionalized racism were at a close.
 
It is debatable how much actual desegregation was a result of this ruling and related federal court decisions. This raises interesting questions as to the role of the Supreme Court in bringing about actual social change.  No one today will dispute the need to end the earlier system of segregated schools, and the importance of the decision, but many will query whether it changed that much, or if its use was rather in sending a definitive signal that the days of segregation and institutionalized racism were at a close.
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==Notes==
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<references/>
  
 
== Other Links ==
 
== Other Links ==

Revision as of 15:11, 23 May 2007

Part of the series on
U.S. Discrimination Law
Const.gif
Standards of Review

Rational basis review
Intermediate scrutiny
Strict scrutiny

Other Legal Theories

Substantive due process
State action doctrine

Defining Moments in Law

The 14th Amendment
Plessy v. Ferguson
Brown v. Board of Education
Loving v. Virginia
U.S. v. Virginia
Romer v. Evans
Lawrence v. Texas

Modalities of Constitutional Law

Textual
Responsive

Brown v. Board was a landmark 1954 Supreme Court decision that ordered racial desegregation of public schools. It was based on the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, [1] and on social science research that claimed to show that black children have trouble learning unless white children are in the classroom. The decision led to later decisions requiring forced racial busing of school children.

Law & Social Change

It is debatable how much actual desegregation was a result of this ruling and related federal court decisions. This raises interesting questions as to the role of the Supreme Court in bringing about actual social change. No one today will dispute the need to end the earlier system of segregated schools, and the importance of the decision, but many will query whether it changed that much, or if its use was rather in sending a definitive signal that the days of segregation and institutionalized racism were at a close.

Notes

  1. In 1954, the Supreme Court decided the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. "Racially segregated schools," the Court concluded, are "inherently unequal." The Court found support for its decision in studies that indicated that minority students learn better in racially mixed classrooms. [1]

Other Links

Until the article is expanded, please see