During the Texas War of Independence, General Santa Anna's 3,000 Mexicans attacked 189 Texans at San Antonio on February 24, 1836. Within 13 days, nearly all the Texans were dead, including Davy Crockett, William Travis and Jim Bowie. The only ones who survived were Susanna Dickenson, her baby, and Travis' slave. The massacre at the Alamo was memorialized in the cry, "Remember the Alamo!"
The Texas Declaration of Independence declared:
- General Antonio Lopez Santa Ana ... having overturned the constitution of his country, now offers, as the cruel alternative, either abandon our homes ... or submit to the most intolerable of all tyranny ... He denies us the right of worshiping the Almighty according to the dictates of our own conscience.