During the Texas War of Independence, General Santa Anna's 3,000 Mexican regulars laid siege to 189 Texans at The Alamo in San Antonio on February 24, 1836. After several repulses, the Mexican troops finally overran the defenders on March 6th, massacring all within. Famous Americans who died at the Alamo included Davy Crockett, William Travis and Jim Bowie. The only ones who survived were Susanna Dickenson, her baby, and Travis' slave.[Citation Needed] The Mexican forces lost more than 1,500 men. The massacre at the Alamo was memorialized in the cry, "Remember the Alamo!" and helped to galvanize resistance to Santa Anna and led to Texan independence.
The Texas Declaration of Independence declared:
- General Antonio Lopez Santa Ana ... having overturned the constitution of his country, now offers, as the cruel alternative, either abandon our homes ... or submit to the most intolerable of all tyranny ... He denies us the right of worshiping the Almighty according to the dictates of our own conscience.
- The Encyclopedia of Military History, Dupuy & Dupuy, 1979