Troy (Greek: Τροία) also known as Ilium, was the chief city of the Trojans in Asia Minor. It was attacked and laid siege to by the Greeks in the Trojan War, an historical event described in poetic terms in Homer's Iliad. One date put forth for when this occurred is 1184 B.C. The German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann identified the most probable site of Troy in the 1870's.
The ancient Romans believed that they were descended from the Trojans, through Aeneas, a Trojan prince who fled the city after the Greeks sacked it. This story is told in Virgil's Aeneid, the most important Roman epic poem.
- Encyclopedia of Military History, Dupuy & Dupuy, 1979