United States Department of State
This article refers to the United States Department of State or State Department.
The Department of State is a Cabinet-level agency of the United States government that deals with foreign affairs. The DoS falls under the Secretary of State's administration. Their headquarters is located in the Harry S Truman Building in Washington, DC.
Shortly after the Constitution was created it became clear that the President would need an executive department to support his foreign affairs.
On July 21, 1789 the House of Representatives and Senate established a Department of Foreign Affairs. On July 27 of that year, President George Washington signed the legislation into law making the Department of Foreign Affairs the first federal agency. Later that year the name was changed to the present name of Department of State.
- Management of the United States Mint - now under the Department of the Treasury
- Keeper of the Great Seal of the United States - now directly under the Secretary of State
- Taking census - now under the Department of Commerce
The Department of State developes and implements the President's foreign policy around the world. The DoS also supports other U.S. Government agencies that are active in foreign affairs, such as the U.S. Department of Commerce and the U.S. Agency for International Development.
The purpose of the Department of State includes:
- Protecting and asisting U.S. citizens living or traveling abroad
- Assisting U.S. business in the international marketplace
- Coordinating and supporting U.S. agencies in the international activities and official overseas visits.
- Keeping the public informed about U.S. foreign policy